Calcio – A History of Corruption and Scandal

Italy, a country associated with fine wine, exquisite cuisine, beautiful women, and above all Calcio. The Italians are very passionate when it comes to the latter, but unfortunately their beloved game has a stark history of corruption, and scandal.

The recent Calciopli scandal that shock the football world in the summer of 2006, is just one incident in a long list of problems which has rocked Italian football (and in particular Serie A) since the English introduced the game to the Peninsula. Too many followers of Calcio, this recent scandal did not come as a shock, and in particular to Italians who have become accustomed to corruption, and scandal within their beloved game.

If you look as far back as 1926-27 (the Torino missing Scudetto incident), you will find that each proceeding decade contained at least one event that was surrounded in corruption or scandal. The majority of Italian fans have grown accustomed to this, and are generally not shocked when a new story hits the headlines. It is as though it has become part of Calcio in the peninsula.

There is a theory in Italy that players, officials (and similar) do not fix matches, but rather twist the concept of match fixing – and this is seen as the norm by everyone involved in Calcio. It is hard to explain what I mean when I state they twist the concept of match fixing, but I will try and explain it with a few examples.

It is not easy to fix a soccer match, as all of the games are public events, played in front of crowds (and sometimes TV cameras); with at least three match officials, twenty-two players, two managers, coaching staff etc. There are various ways of getting around fixing a particular result, and it is kind of a tacit agreement over a result. The lower echelon of Italian soccer is renowned for this kind of agreement, and it is also common place at the end of season in Serie A. So what is this agreement? In essence it is ‘settling for a draw’.

Deliberately settling for a draw where the result ensures some mutual benefit to both parties is common in Italy, and since nothing has officially been agreed, nothing can ever be proved. Various bookmakers are aware of this, and you will generally see very short odds on a 0-0 result, or a straight draw.

An alleged recent example can be seen on the last matchday of the 2006/07 Serie B season, when third placed Genoa entertained second placed Napoli. Napoli just needed a point for automatic promotion, and Genoa would join them if they finished 10 points above fourth placed Piacenza. A goalless draw between the pair followed, and was enough to guarantee them both promotion to Serie A.

Towards the end of the 2004/05 Serie A season, both clubs from Rome were facing a relegation battle. At the start of the derby match, both clubs appeared to try, before several conversations took place on the pitch. The result? Only six shots were managed in the entire match, and the game ended 0-0 (a result which helped both clubs).

Even though the Italians accept this as part and parcel of Calcio, they were on the brunt end of a similar alleged result in Euro 2004. Due to UEFA taking head-to-head into consideration (before overall goal difference when ranking teams level on points), a situation arose in Group C where Sweden and Denmark only needed a high scoring draw in order for them both to progress. The match surprisingly finished 2-2, which was a sufficiently high score line to eliminate the Italians (who had lower-scoring draws with both the Swedes and Danes). It was quite ironic that the Italian fans contended the result, stating that the FIFA tie-breaker should have been used, as it would have stopped the Scandinavians half-heartedly playing out the match after the score became 2-2.

Another example of alleged match fixing can generally be seen (again) on the last matchday of the season. Generally a ‘big club’ (with nothing to play for), is playing a ‘small club’ (fighting a relegation battle), and the ‘small club’ usually get a favourable result (one which they normally would not achieve during the course of the season). Inevitably this leads to accusations of match fixing, but this is usually not the case, and it is another form of twisting the original concept.

So why is this not classed as match fixing? The answer is simple – no one expects the ‘big club’ to try to hard (especially in a match that is meaningless). This is worrying, but followers of Calcio have come to accept this.

On the last matchday in Serie A for the 2006/07 season, Reggina needed a victory to be certain of avoiding relegation, and they faced an AC Milan side guaranteed Champions League football. The result? A 2-0 home win for Reggina which guaranteed their safety.

Same season, but this time the example comes from Serie B. Spezia need a victory to be certain of avoiding relegation, and they faced a daunting away trip to Juventus, who had not lost at home all season (but were already guaranteed promotion). The result? A 3-2 win for Spezia which guaranteed their safety. The theory behind the above examples is simple – why try so hard, especially when you have nothing to play for?

The above examples have all been accepted as part and parcel of Calcio, but in some cases the authorities have clamped down, and punished the various parties involved in the scandal. Some of the most famous scandals have made world headlines in the soccer world, and the first of these dates back to the late 1920s.

The 1927 scudetto was taken away from Torino, after an alleged scandal involving their bitter rivals, Juventus. An enquiry found that Juventus defender, Luigi Allemandi, had been bribed by a Torino official, before the derby (for a sum of 50,000 lire). Torino were stripped of their first title, and surprisingly no one was awarded the 1927 scudetto.

In the summer of 2006, an alleged match fixing scandal hit the headlines, named Moggiopoli, after the Juventus general manager. The scandal was uncovered by the Italian police, implicating league champions Juventus, and other major teams including AC Milan, Fiorentina, Lazio, and Reggina;when a number of telephone interceptions showed a thick network of relations between team managers and referee organisations. The teams involved in the scandal had been accused of rigging games, by selecting favourable referees. Juvetus were stripped of their scudetto, relegated, and docked points, whilst the other clubs involved had various points deducted.

To the majority of followers of Calcio, this did not come as a major shock, as many fans regard the referee as corrupt (unless proven otherwise). There are various (well known) examples of refereeing decisions which fans class as corrupt, as they decided key matches, or decided a scudetto: Maurizio Turone’s disallowed goal for Roma against Juventus in 1981; Fiorentina’s loss in the 1982 scudetto; Inter and Ronaldo’s lost penalty, against Juventus, in 1998.

There are hundreds of examples of alleged match fixing, throughout the history of Calcio, and there are various scandals which have come to light, which have been uncovered by the authorities. It seems that followers of Calcio have come to accept this over the years, and it is part of the mentality of the nation to accept corruption.

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A Mother’s Day Wish

Any holiday is tough to get through after the death of a loved one, but Mother’s Day can be especially hard for those who have lost their mother, and for those mothers who have lost a child. Holidays tend to be painful reminders of what you’ve lost and how you used to celebrate that day. Whether you’ve lost your mother or you’re a mother who’s lost a child, this Mother’s Day is for you. Find a way to celebrate it in a way that brings back memories of your departed loved one and sheds light on the wonderful celebration of mothers everywhere.

Buy Flowers

Flowers are one thing that any mother would love to receive. If you have lost your mother, buy a beautiful bouquet and deliver it to your mother’s memorial. Pay her a visit and tell her how much you still love her. If you are a mother who has lost a child, buy a bouquet for yourself. Set the flowers out to remind yourself that you are a wonderful mother, on this day and every day.

Celebrate with Your Children

If you’re suffering the tragic loss of a child, there’s no doubt that mother’s day will be tough. But don’t forget the other miracles you have in your life. If you have other children, let them celebrate you the way you deserve to be celebrated. It’s okay to be sad and to reflect on the loss of your child, but try not to shut out your other children. They love you very much and will want to take this opportunity to show you.

Celebrate with a Different Mom

Losing a parent is heart-breaking, no matter how old you are. You relied on your mother for things that no one else could provide; support, advice, and unconditional love. Although no one can replace your mom, you can still honor Mother’s Day by celebrating a different mom. Maybe you have a grandma or aunt in your life who you are particularly close with. Perhaps your friend’s mom has been particularly supportive to you over the years. Reach out to one of these other moms this Mother’s Day so that you don’t let the day go by uncelebrated. Your mom would be happy to see you connecting with someone in her absence.

The reason Mother’s Day is so special is because it gives us a reason to give thanks to the woman who brought us into the world and for the many wonderful things she did for us thereafter. If you are that woman to someone, this day is for you, whether that ‘someone’ is with us here on Earth or not. If your own mother has past away, there’s no reason why you still can’t celebrate her on this very special day.

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Greater Manchester Is an Ideal County for Adult Dating

Greater Manchester occupies an area of nearly five hundred square miles and has a population of 2.6 million, giving it a population density of over five thousand people per square mile and making it a superb location for successful adult dating to take place. However, a high density, urban areas are interspersed with less populated rural ones.

In addition to its ideal demographic and geographical features, Greater Manchester has many equally ideal cultural attractions for dating. These include the highest number of theatre seats per head of population anywhere in the U.K. except London. Then there is the Manchester Evening News Arena, a popular music venue with seating for more than twenty one thousand people. This makes it the biggest indoor arena in all Europe. It is of little wonder that the venue constantly gets wins the title of ‘ International Venue of the Year’. To attend a concert there with someone you are meeting for the first time on an adult dating basis, must surely rate as one of the ultimate adult dating rendezvous! There are also more night clubs in the Greater Manchester area than anywhere else except London. Many of them are popular as meeting places both for singles and for swinger couples.

Greater Manchester also has its fair share of swingers clubs. One is right in centre of Manchester itself, others are located a little further out. There are also ones in Bolton and Rochdale. The most popular of the Manchester ones has been running for twenty seven years and is renowned for its very welcoming and relaxed atmosphere. Parties for swinger couples and also for mixed singles / couples, take place at regular intervals

The venue located right in the city centre of Manchester is these days more of a ‘Gentleman’s Retreat’ than a swingers club but it still offers occasional parties for those seeking liberated adult fun and it makes a great meeting place for adult dating. Private parties can also be booked there.

The adult dating rendezvous in Rochdale is popular too and has been running for several years. It holds regular parties on Wednesdays, Thursdays and Fridays when single males looking for adult dates are always welcome. On Saturday evenings the parties that are held are for swinger couples only. The premises consist of five large play-rooms all fully equipped with the kind of facilities that help to make parties swing.

The Bolton venue is a very discreet club that welcomes the transgender community as well as both singles and couples looking for adult dating contacts and adult party fun. It has a relaxing lounge, several play rooms and a special fantasy room for those who enjoy role play.

If you live in the Greater Manchester area and are looking for adult dating in the county, joining a well run, popular swingers club or adult dating site is the way to find out where everything is happening and to make contact with like-minded people. Take some care to chose from the three or four biggest online sites and ensure that it has large numbers of members in the Greater Manchester area.

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A Short Biography of Famous Soccer Player – Steven Gerrard

His full name is Steven George Gerrard. He is also called as Stevie G. He was born in Whiston, Merseyside on 30 May 1980. He is a professional soccer player who currently plays for his national team of England and captains for English Premier League club Liverpool. His playing position in the field is as a centre midfielder. But, since in 2007 after the appearance of Torres at Liverpool, Gerrad has been played primarily as a second striker for his club squad, and played as a winger for his national team since 2006.

Gerrard is the current vice-captain of the England national soccer side. Nevertheless, he became a captain for his national at the 2010 World Cup in the nonattendance of Rio Ferdinand who missed the event because of injury.

Gerrard spent his whole career at Anfield. In 1998, he made his first appearance in a competition against Blackburn Rovers. Gerrard made his 100th appearance in European club tournament for Liverpool on 10 March 2009 in opposition to Real Madrid and made two goals in a 4-0 win.

In international level, he made his first appearance in 2000 in opposition to Ukraine. In September 2001, he made his first international goal in the well-known 5-1 victory over Germany in a 2002 World Cup qualifier. Gerrard took part in his first World Cup in 2006, and he was England’s top scorer in the competition.

He has many honors for a professional soccer player. With Liverpool club, he won FA Cup (2000-2001, 2005-2006), League Cup (2000-2001, 2002-2003), FA Community Shield (2001, 2006), UEFA Champions League (2004-2005), UEFA Cup (2000-2001), UEFA Super Cup (2001-2002, 2005-2006).

As an individual player, he won FWA Footballer of the Year (2008-2009), PFA Players’ Player of the Year (2005-2006, PFA Young Player of the Year (2000-2001), PFA Fans’ Player of the Year (2000-2001, 2008-2009), PFA Team of the Year (2003-2004, 2004-2005, 2005-2006, 2006-2007, 2007-2008, 2008-2009), FA Premier League Player of the Month (March 2001, March 2003, December 2004, April 2006, March 2009), UEFA Club Footballer of the Year (2004-2005), UEFA Champions League Final Man of the Match (2004-2005), UEFA Team of the Year (2005, 2006, 2007), FIFA/FIFPro World XI (2007, 2008, 2009), FA Cup Final Man of the Match (2005-2006), Goal of the Season (2005-2006), and England Player of the Year (2007). Gerrard has been proposed on many occasions for the FIFA World Player of the Year Award and the Ballon d’Or.

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Adidas – Premier League

Adidas plays the field in high pitch fever with new iconic designs in celebration of the World Cup. Bearing its signature Traxion insole, Adidas celebrates with the following line of shoes:

For men: The GM 2010 comes in black with white side stripes, or dark brown with dark gold stripes or a plain dark brown. GM 2010 LUX black all over. Kick Tr 2010 Brazil comes in green with yellow stripes; Tr 2010 Argentina white and light blue; Tr 2010 England, white and red; France white with red a nd blue stripes; Germany, black with white stripes; Italy chocolate brown with red, wite and green stripes; Russia black with light gold stripes.

For women: Gazelle 2010 white background with multicolored criss-crossed stripes. GM2010 black with white side stripes, or dark brown with dark gold stripes; GM 2010 Lux black all over. Kick 2010 Brazil in green with yellow stripes. Tr 2010 South Africa.

Adidas presents a wonderful new line for running speed.

The Supernova comes in metallic lace cover and red design.

The Rava Microbounce Line is made up of Bounce cushioning with Adi-PRENE+ forefoot, comes in three great color duos: Dark grey with pink lines, White with silver and blue steel lines, and Silver with light grey and violet lines.

The Allegra 3 innovations presents 5 spectacular partners for speed: Dark grey with silver and red lines, Dark grey with metallic silver and royal blue lines, White with grey and red lines, Light grey with white and yellow lines, White with dark grey and light blue lines. Modulate MB with Light grey with silver grey and white lines.

Uruha comes in Silver with three line designs in Light Blue, Orang-red and Red-violet. Macula sports a mercurial white with light silver and red lines. Ambition PB D-Lux in Dark Grey with blocks of red-orange soles. Super nova in white with silver and black, light grey and red lines.

Edge Arriba Track Spike in white and light grey and black lines. Arridun US CF in Light grey and black and blue lines. Attune CC comes in Black with grey and yellow lines. Equipment 10 in Black with grey lines, and White with black and dark silver, or silver with light grey lines.

Four designs of Shikoba MB2 are: white with light grey and fleeting blue steel lines, White with dark grey and blue lines, Black with red and blue with flecks of pink and white lines, Grey with silver and blue lines.

Silver Track comes with cleats, in White with black stripes.

Streetrun in Red with Blue lines.

Adizero Shotput Throwing shoes in zero elevation comes in black with silver stripes.

Adizero Boston shoes with red-orange and black soles come in two designs: light grey and white with black and red lines, and Black with blue and white lines and Blue lace.

Adizero Mana in purely orange and white soles, upper in White with black and orange lines.

Ariba Track shoes with spikes in dark grey with silver stripes.

Adistar Salvation with red-orange and black soles, comes in Dark grey with black and red-orange stripes, and Light grey with dark grey and yellow stripes.

These come in full leather upper for the utmost stretch and adaptation; synthetic lining for a more lasting.

• The spectacular attraction of these Adidas footwear innovations is the F50i TUNIT™ technology by which the player can choose between TRAXION™ SG cleats or TRAXION™ HG studs for the games-

• OR TRAXION™ FG outsole for walking the urban high streets or rural townships.

• Exchangeable pre-molded TUNIT™ Standard Insock for premium support and cushioning

• Specific lace cover for optimal fit and expanded area for kicking

Go for your country and choose to wear your colors with Adidas at http://www.shoedeals4u.com. Revel in the calculated chaos of the most beloved sports of the world and feel the energy of winning. Check out a wide variety of Adidas in shoedeals4u.com and see the difference one person can make in supporting his team.

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