How to Get Rid of Fleas Safely and Naturally – Beware of So Called "Herbal Treatments"!

Owning an elderly dog with renal and liver problems and recently having been invaded by cat fleas from an onslaught of stray cats in the neighbourhood I went on a quest to find the safest and most natural flea treatments I could possibly find. After extensive research I was able to compile a veritable arsenal of flea treatments that I thought I would share with other dog owners, especially since the majority of us know how harmful chemicals and insecticides are. I, like many of you, absolutely refuse to expose my dogs to carcinogenic substances.

My dog has flea allergies so it was crucial for me to find effective yet safe solutions to this flea problem. One flea bite drives her crazy! Let me begin by telling you this, if you want to go natural in your quest to rid your house and pets of fleas you have to understand that you will have to use several flea prevention methods, and you’ll need to arm yourself with a bit of patience.

My interest was piqued in herbal collars and I decided to research them some more. To my dismay I found out that the majority of herbal collars include pennyroyal and rue. These herbs can cause liver and kidney damage (as well as many other health issues) when ingested, and while the probability that my old dog would actually ingest her collar was slim, I wasn’t prepared to risk it.

The next natural flea prevention solution I read about was Borax or Boric powder. People have been touting the miraculous effect these products have in combating fleas, and while I don’t doubt this it soon became clear to me that these were not safe products to use on my beloved pet. Borax is an abrasive substance so imagine what can happen if your pet inhales it, plus borates have a tendency to become concentrated in the kidney and can cause kidney damage.

Well, to cut a long story short, aside from my ever trusty flea comb, here’s what I am using:

1. Flea Traps: The kind that work by attracting fleas to a sticky surface. They use small bulbs to attract fleas to a sticky surface. I caught several small insects and fleas. What I do is leave them on overnight when it’s dark for maximum effect. A good way to increase their effectiveness is to move them around occasionally. I even put them in my dog’s beds (she has two, one in the lounge and one in our bedroom, so at night I put the trap in her lounge bed and during the day I darken the bedroom and put a trap in her night bed).

2. Dawn or Fairy Dishwashing Liquid: Regular Dawn of Fairy dishwashing liquid is great for bathing your flea infested dog, it’s less harmful than specialised flea shampoos as it doesn’t contain any chemicals or insecticides and you’ll get a warped sense of pleasure as you see the nasty creatures drown in the bathwater.

3. Herbal Collars: There are some harmless herbal flea collars out there; the one I’m using contains lavender buds and cedarwood shavings. While I’m not a big fan of cedarwood shavings it’s only a minute amount, just enough to keep those nasty pests away from my dog. The same company also makes a dry shampoo/flea powder using all natural (and safe) ingredients and the owner of the company is genuinely concerned about the safety of their products (I grilled her with all my concerns). Let’s just say it’s definitely «good riddance» to fleas!

4. Diatomaceous Earth: Make sure you buy HUMAN FOOD GRADE D/Earth, anything else is potentially toxic. Sprinkle the D/earth under couches, beds, anywhere your dog doesn’t constantly hang around in. Make sure the dog is kept away while you’re doing this as inhaling the fine dust can cause problems and wear a dust mask if possible. D/earth can be used indoors and out but I would advise against using it outdoors as you would be killing many «good» insects as well. Ants, if they aren’t a problem for you, eat flea larvae so I consider them a valuable a part of my safe flea arsenal!

Human food grade d/earth or fossil flour as it’s also called is supposedly good for combating internal parasites as well, I intend on trying this as I’m afraid of using commercial worming medication on my dog at this point. I’ve tried to find out if it has any harmful side effects but haven’t been able to find any; in fact people are using fossil flour on a daily basis and claim it has many benefits. If you know of any harmful side effects of using it orally on a pet please let me know!

5. Bio-tags: There are a couple of companies out there that claim their tags provide your pet with a magnetic shield to keep fleas and ticks away. There are good and bad reviews on the subject but I haven’t been able to find any literature on any harmful side effects so I’m getting one for my dog, Worse case scenario I’m short a few bucks, I love my dog and would do anything in my power to make her comfortable and healthy so I don’t mind. I figure it won’t harm her and if it does work, that’s great!

6. Motion Detector Sprinklers: These are a great and humane way to keep flea-ridden animals out of your yard.

That’s it; I think I’ve covered it all! This is the culmination of my extensive reading and research and I hope it helps you get rid of fleas too. Please let me know if you have some safer flea cures!

Compra online la Camisetas de fútbol! En JD encontrarás las del FC Barcelona, Real Madrid, la selección de España y equipos internacionales. by Mickey Samy

Shoreditch – The New West End of London

For the past five years, Shoreditch has been the place in London to discover new possibilities in the nightlife world, with the coolest and newest bars, pubs and clubs. Popularized by the artists, it has been a haven for the underground and fashion conscious types who like a little bit of creativity and the unknown when venturing out for night in London.

Shoreditch bars and clubs are smaller than the West End nightclubs, they are decked out in the latest urban art trends and interior, and will be playing the latest underground music you can find, from English Folk, to Dubstep. Drinks are cheaper, entry fees are lower and there is a rawness that will not be replicated on a commercial dance floor in Leicester Square. Try Hoxton Pony or T bar for a taste of the above.

This is what has drawn in Londoner's and tourists alike, and made this a fantastic alternative to the glitzy, overhyped and overpriced nightclubs in the west end. Shoreditch bars and clubs have increased rapidly over the years, and there is always somewhere new to discover that will keep your nights out an interesting and explorative affair.

Recently though, a new wave of Shoreditch venue has been popping up on the streets of Old Street and Hoxton. Bar and Club operators have spotted an opportunity to exploit the buzz and footfall on the Shoreditch streets by bringing a certain West End flavor to these East parts of London. This has been a subtle shift that will go unnoticed by most Shoreditch party goers but it is an important observation to make as this could represent the start of a significant shift in the London bar and club scene.

It appears bar and club owners feel there is more of a demand for high end Cocktail drinking and more exclusive, swanky interiors to cater for the Shoreditch crowd. Shoreditch now rivals the West End as one of the top night-life destinations of London so with that brings money and customers to cater for. Perhaps not everyone wants a sweaty, retro-inspired, Checkered Shirt dominated dance floor anyway? So what type of venues am I discussing?

Well, let's take Glo Glo's Bar for example. Located in the basement of the Great Eastern Dining Room, this feels like a hidden members club, tucked away in an exclusive hotel in the heart of Mayfair or even Tokyo, so you would perhaps be a little confused to stumble across this bar on a Friday night in Shoreditch. With seating wrapped all around the main center-piece bar, you can sit and marvel at the fine cocktails being served up. There is a DJ in the corner offering up smooth House Beats, and an electric atmosphere full of chat and laughter. This venue has class and style in abundance and is a long way from the usual Indie-graffiti inspired Shoreditch bar. This marks a new trend towards the new wave of Shoreditch Cocktail bars .

Glo Glo's is not alone, there are plenty of other bars in Shoreditch offering up a more West End styled experience. Take a trip down to see Ninety Eight Bar on Curtain Road. This is a former Members bar that has now gone public, and has some of the finest and creative Cocktails around in Shoreditch. You will be impressed with the elegant piano and eccentric but beautifully crafted décor; This is a hidden gem of a bar.

I predict this trend to continue as we see more and more West End type venues opening up in Shoreditch, but with more style and class, come higher drinks prices so it might leave Shoreditch old timers, scrambling for the venues of Dalston. Shoreditch is now leading the scene of London nightlife and I think offering up even more variety of bars, clubs and pubs can only be good for those who love Shoreditch as a place to go out in London.

Las Camisetas de fútbol de adidas se encuentran entre las preferidas de muchos equipos. Descubre por qué visitando nuestra colección en la web. by Dylan Franks

League of Legends Account Creation

Here is a quick guide to League of Legends (LoL) account creation. League of Legends is an awesome MOBA game available online. It is free to play and I guarantee that you will be hooked the moment you try it.

In LoL players are split into teams of 3-5 and get to choose a champion. They then play a match which takes between 20-40 minutes. The goal is to push past your opponents defenses and destroy their HQ (Nexus). There are currently 83 champions available in LoL but there is a new one released about every 3-4 weeks so the game never gets stale. Every single champion also has a unique set of abilities and base statistics which set them apart from all other champions and makes them unique. You also have the ability to purchase items during the match which boost your champions stats further and make them uniquely yours.

For those of you who like being able to level up your character and customize them outside of the match, LoL has you covered as well. As you play matches you will gain experience and IP. Experience increases your summoners level and IP allows you to buy new champions and runes. The max level in this game is 30. As you make your way towards level 30 you will unlock new mastery points and rune slots. You can then buy runes using your IP and assign mastery points to strengthen your character in certain areas of your choice like attack, defense, magic damage, etc.

Ready to get started?

Follow the link at the bottom of this page. It will take you to the League of Legends account creation page where you will get to choose a unique username that will identify you. This is similar to most other video games. Be aware however that the account name you sign up with is not the name you will appear under in the game. You will use this name to log into the game but that is it. After you have downloaded the game client and logged in for the first time you will get to choose your summoner’s name which is the name you will appear under to all the other people playing LoL.

You have now finished League of Legends account creation and are ready to begin playing the game. I have played a lot of video games and I have to say, LoL is one of the best games I have seen so far. So good luck and enjoy, I will see you on the battlefield summoner’s!

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How Proper Eye Care Can Help Save You Money

Saving money is on everyone’s mind in these uncertain economic times. There are various areas where small changes can mean real savings ­­– carpooling to work, bringing a bagged lunch and a brewed cup of coffee from home as opposed to going out. But when saving a few dollars comes at the expense of your health, the long-term risks far exceed any short-term benefits. This is the case with contact lenses.

Although wearing your contact lenses for longer than your prescription allows may seem like an easy way to save some money, it can have detrimental effects on ocular health.

Contact lenses are a medical device and should be treated as such, in accordance with the recommendations of your eye care practitioner. Wearing contact lenses for too long can lead to abnormal blood vessel growth on the cornea; epithelial microcysts; thinning of the cornea; and reduced corneal sensitivity.

Eye problems caused by contact lens overwear are generally due to a decrease in oxygen transmitted to the eye. Oxygen is essential to the health of the cornea. When the eye is not absorbing enough oxygen through the contact lens, hypoxic conditions ensue. Hypoxia can lead to serious infections, including microbial keratitis, a painful and potentially sight-threatening corneal infection.

Eye infections and other problems that arise from improper contact lens care can be very costly – medical expenses and lost days of work, not to mention the inconvenience and impact on quality of life of vision problems. In 1990, researchers estimated that the cost of blindness and visual impairment to the federal budget of the United States was approximately $4 billion.

Risks and best practices

Contact lenses have been around for more than 100 years and though significant advances have been made in that time, the risks and side effects associated with wear remain a reality.

A contact lens is a foreign object to the eye. If the lens does not fit properly or is not properly cared for, it can adversely affect vision and the eye itself.

The most common problems associated with contact lens wear are excess tearing, itching or burning, dryness, sensitivity to light, and distorted vision. All of these symptoms can be worsened by improper lens care, which includes wearing lenses too long.

On occasion, a contact lens wearer will wear their lenses until their vision becomes blurred or distorted, and may not realize that this behavior can cause permanent, irreversible damage to the cornea, the front covering of the eye which provides about two-thirds of the eye’s focusing power.

When contact lens wearers disregard their cleaning and lens replacement schedules, the ability of their contact lens to transmit oxygen to the cornea decreases, and deposits build up on the lens surface and within the lens material itself.

The continued wear of lenses with protein deposits can lead to infections, giant papillary conjunctivitis, and potentially serious long-term hypoxic changes such as myopia creep, corneal thinning, and chronic low-grade corneal edema.

Cutting corners with contact lens care can result in temporary, and in some cases, permanent eye damage. However, contact lens wearers who properly maintain and care for their lenses are benefited greatly by it.

Although there are several types of contact lenses that are approved for continuous wear for up to 30 days, this schedule is not appropriate for everyone. Wearing lenses at night reduces the amount of oxygen that is transmitted to the cornea. This reduction in oxygen absorption can damage the surface of the cornea, allowing germs and bacteria to grow more rapidly.

Every person’s eyes are different and respond differently to contact lenses. It is important to discuss a schedule that best suits your individual needs with your eye care practitioner.

For more information regarding contact lenses and eye care, visit Contact Lens King [http://www.contactlensking.com/index.aspx]

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Applied Social Psychology & Counselling

Abstract

One of the problems of being a student of psychology is they learn everything in modules and pass examinations in separate areas of the subject. These can lead to disjointed understanding – a failure to connect the dots. This paper is an attempt to marry the insights of Social Psychology and Counselling practice. Can counsellors learn some wider insights from social research? I will explore an example of classical research and try to see how it can benefit the counsellor in practice.

Introduction

Most psychology students even after graduation cannot always see the connection between one area of psychological knowledge and another – even well known psychologists manage to come up with «new» ideas which clearly are not – but where their subconscious has dragged two facts together to make a correlation that show a new idea – not that one may cause the other. For example Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is used by many counsellors, psychiatrists and medical counsellors yet few understand that its principals lie squarely with Freudian thinking.

Counsellors are not always educated in psychology and many learn their knowledge in short courses designed by colleges and universities to one standard or another. What ever way you look at it their knowledge is often full of gaps. This is mainly because of the tendency to train in only one school of thought, i.e. CBT, psychodynamics, psychotherapy and other areas – but limited often to a particular theory or school of thought. This leads to the same situation as our learned friends re-inventing the wheel. Many counsellors on my own seminars are surprised when you present something novel and then tell them who actually came up with the notion – then they all sigh – oooohhh! I would like here to present some samples using social psychological research and how we can marry the knowledge to help us become better counsellors and even better researchers of our own practice.

Social Psychology – an idea!

What is Social Psychology anyway – it is the scientific study of how people think about, are influenced and relate to one another in a social world (Myers 2005). It investigates three areas of our being, one is our social thinking, how we see ourselves in the world, the second how we are influenced by society, its culture and traditions, within and without groups and third by our social relations, in prejudice, aggression, attraction also altruism towards other people and from them to ourselves. This then is the social world we live in. Most psychology is based on what the individual is doing, learning, thinking and feeling, but we are not alone in this world – we are part of a family, a community, a city, a country, a culture and all this creates a reality for our daily lives.

Counselling – a way!

Of course the purpose of counselling has always been focused on the individual (except Transactional Analysis – the only therapy based on relationships directly). This mean that in counselling sessions it is the individual’s problems being addressed and dealt with in a therapeutic environment, leading to a resolution for the client, but not for the world he has to deal with when he leaves the comfort of the therapists office.

Social Psychology – thinking outside the box!

We all create our own reality – no two people will agree on a shared view even when witnessing the same event. This is because we come to every event with preconceptions about the world – we often call this common sense. However common sense is often untested and can be interpretated many ways. Paul Lazersfeld (1949) asked some subjects to view some common sense statements and asked if the subjects agreed with the notions stated.

1. Better-educated soldiers suffered more adjustment problems than did less-educated soldiers. (Intellectuals were less prepared for battle than stresses than street-smart-people.)

2. Southern soldiers coped better with the hot South Sea Island climate than did Northern soldiers. (Southerners were accustomed to hot weather).

3. White privates were more eager for promotion than were Black privates. (Years of oppression take a toll on achievement motivation).

4. Southern Blacks preferred Southern to Northern officers (because Southern officers were more experienced and skilled in interacting with Blacks). (Myers 2005)

Many of Lazersfelds’ subjects stated that the above statements were obvious and found no difficulty in agreeing with them. As you might have guessed the reality was actually the opposite in every case. Lazersfeld in fact reported that the less educated soldiers suffered more, there was no real difference in climate adjustment, Blacks were more eager for promotion etcetera. In everyday life we experience listening to others people’s common sense and never really question it – this is often because they are stated as hindsight (after the event has happened). We take the attitude of «see I told you that is what it would be like» but before the event this is not so easy. In today’s society we like to find scapegoats for political mistakes, industrial accidents, car crashes – someone has to be blamed – they should have known. It is easy after the facts are known to attribute blame to someone – who at the time probably were no wiser that anyone else. In the 9/11 disaster, the security forces had intelligence that could have stopped the terrorists but it was amongst the millions of other bits of useless information. After 9/11 people were surprised this information was ignored.

Social Psychology informs Counselling – 1

From the above example how can we use this information in our counselling sessions? How can we judge that our client’s sense of reality is correct -that they are not talking about common mis-sense or even using hindsight to interpret a past event? We could try the following questions to the client to try and elicit a sense of what went before.

1. What were you thinking prior to the event?

2. Did you always believe this?

3. Do you think others agree with your view?

4. How has this event changed the way you might act in the future?

Case Study: -1

Mary is raped; she has been through the court process and seen the man convicted. A year later she is unable to form new relationships with men. She makes the following statement:

«Men are all the same – takers, liars, untrustworthy and brutal. I always knew they would hurt me one day, take my dignity away from me, and stop me from living my life with-out fear. Since I was a little girl I have feared men. They are all the same when you get right down to it – sexual dirty beasts.»

Therapist: Tell me Mary, what were you thinking prior to the event?

Mary: Well, I was happy, enjoying the party, dancing with some guys, having good fun. I guess I was thinking I was safe here and just happy to be with such exciting people.

Therapist: You say that men are all alike – when did you start believing this?

Mary: Look what happened to me! You give them a chance and they betray you. He said just a kiss outside, just a hug, I wanted that too, but when you give them that inch they take a mile. I knew then I should have said no.

Therapist: Do you feel other girls feel the same about men?

Mary: Perhaps they should, and then fewer girls would suffer like I did. However most girls are stupid and think they can handle men in any circumstances. Silly fools.

Therapist: If you go to a party or similar now – how might you behave towards men?

Mary: Well never be alone with any man – no matter how nice he is. Make sure you tell you friends where you are and who you are with. Better still do not go to the party in the first place.

Summery: – 1

You can see from Mary’s answers to our set questions she has taken up a new global view of men, a new way of behaving, she has used hindsight to create a new memory of the event. Prior to the event Mary had no such cautious thinking about men; she certainly did not have a global ideation. Her statement about, I should have known, is pure hindsight after the event, she even finds a suitable saying to confirm her thinking, an inch over a mile, the opposite could be, one small step is all it takes to your desired goal. Prior to the rape she was more than trusting to go outside and enjoy this man’s company and wished to be kissed and hugged. (This is not a justification for her rape merely looking at her own thinking). When asked how others might feel – she quickly adopts a «I know better approach», she is really talking about herself prior to the rape, her personal belief in the ability to handle men, but now in hindsight seeing herself as the silly girl. Mary comes to therapy because she is finding it hard to make new relationships yet in answer to the last question – she effectively answers her own problem. She has created a new reality for herself in which no man can be trusted and therefore safer to be alone and avoid situations where she might meet similar men to her attacker (or any man).

After this session our counsellor can reflect on Mary’s new perspective, her new common sense view, her fear of future relationships and the real matter of trust. Maybe she will need many challenging session before she can return to some semblance of the happy girl she once was but in trauma this of course takes time.

The purpose of this exercise was however to show how we can use some notions from Social Psychology in our counselling practice.

Social Psychology – Who am I?

Central to social psychology is the idea of the «self» in a social environment. Our social identity is our sense of who we are in our private thoughts and in a community – our group identity for instance. When asked the question, «who am I?» , we tend to list our concept about our appearance, so we may answer, a man, a woman, tall, short, fat, thin, black, white. We may then talk of our social self, doctor, housewife, engineer, unemployed, these are our social roles. We then espouse our achievement, graduate, and noble laureate. Then we may talk about our knowledge of ourselves in the sense of our character, kind, happy, clever, superstitious. Finally about our feelings of self-worth, am I good person, do I help others, do people like me?

As we do not live in isolation (unless you are a hermit) we are constantly adjusting ourselves to our situations, we may have some enduring traits across many situations such as, patience, kindness or risk taking and self-interest. However we do change our thinking and image to more often fit the situation we find ourselves in at any one time. Culture can make a huge difference to a situation and how we think and behave. Markus and Kitayama (1991) investigated the concept of the independent Westerner and the interdependent Easterner. The Westerner is surrounded by people such as mother, father, siblings, friends, co-workers and those who they serve or are serviced by, (shops etc). In the West they acknowledge the relationships with others but in the East they see themselves as deeply embedded in the lives of others. This has a huge impact on the concept of yourself image. The independent person is defined by individual traits and goals that are personal to them; the interdependent person is socially defined by connections with others. When asked what matters in life the independent will reply – me, my personal achievements, the interdependent will reply – we, the family, the group. The independent disapproves of conformity while the interdependent dislikes egotism in people. One group may feel they are controlling the world and the other is being controlled by the world (or events).

Social Psychology informs Counselling -2

If the self is central to our thinking, our behaviour and our feelings then counselling should try to find out the core of a clients being in order to understand his position in society and life. How can we truly understand the client and their need for growth or resolution without knowing more about their starting point? Our therapist needs to ask some fundamental questions to elicit an overview of a person’s situation. Here are just six examples:

1. Tell me how you see yourself – physically.

2. Tell me how you believe others see you?

3. What roles do you have in society, work, home etc?

4. If I met you for the first time – what would my impression of you be?

5. Do you think you are a good person?

6. If you see a beggar in the street how do you react?

Case Study – 2

John has come to therapy to achieve some personal growth. He is fundamentally happy in life, has a good job, nice family and has few dramas in his life beyond the normal stressors of money and mortgages. However he is feeling unfulfilled and wishes to explore his potential for growth as a person.

Therapist: If I came from Mars and saw you – how would I report back to my superiors what you looked like in comparison to others I met?

John: That’s a tough question, I do not normally think about how I look beyond being suitably dressed for the occasion, i.e. for work or going out. If pushed I would say tall, maybe too thin, balding but still not ugly, keep clean and I am soft spoken. I guess as a Martian if you compare me too others I may be seen as dull, routine type and not very exciting.

Therapist: So if I was to tell your best friend that description would they recognise you?

John: hahahah I doubt it. When I am with my friends I am more casual, more relaxed and maybe even a little outgoing – take a risk now and again. I remember lots of jokes and amuse my friends with the telling. They always kid me I’m in danger of being blown away as I have no weight and keep eating all the time to keep on the ground.

Therapist: What is your role in society – what do you see as important?

John: I am a father first and foremost and then, of course equally, my wife’s husband. I think family is important more so than work although you have to have both in order to survive. I am an engineer by trade but now-days I mostly work in an office using a computer to create design papers. The work is steady and important but not essential to the well-being of mankind. I mentor at a children’s club once a week, you know the sort of thing, keeping them off the streets and occupied. I enjoy the way they look up to me as their advisor in so many areas of teenage concern.

Therapist: If my assistant walked in here now and said hello to you what impression would she form of you? If I asked her later to tell me what might she say?

John: She might say who was that boring guy you were with? It hurt my neck to look up at him. If I had a ladder he might be ok?

Therapist: Are you a good person John?

John: Well I have never intentially hurt anyone as far as I know. I think I do more than most for my local community. So, yes I would say I was good over-all.

Therapist: There are many beggars in the streets now-days, if you saw one outside what is your reaction to them?

John: I have to be honest here and say I do not always sympathise with them. I feel they may not be as poor as they pretend to be. You know a day of collecting then back to the car and home to the wife. I saw a beggar collect $5 from a bus cue, I worked out in a day he could collect maybe $200, that is $1000 every five days, $4000 a month – most people have to work really hard to get that sort of money. So now I only give to the ones I can be really sure about.

Summery: – 2

First we should re-examine the purpose of the questions;

Tell me how you see yourself – physically.

This question helps to breakdown the person’s self concept -their mirror image of themselves. What does it tell us? In our example John is a conformist; he dresses to expectations of others, and cares about his impression on others as in his remark about being clean.

Tell me how you believe others see you?

This is a checking question about the first. You can see here John does not repeat the first description but his more social self when relaxed and surrounded by those he trusts. Outside of his circle John conforms to expectations.

What roles do you have in society, work, home etc?

This question is to see how he fits into the world he inhabits. John clearly show a preference for safe roles, father, husband but when he talks about his outside roles he is clearly not so happy and fulfilled by work or his professional self.

If I met you for the first time – what would my impression of you be?

Here we are testing out the self-image again. John self-abases himself as he believes women react to his tallness and being thin. He believe he may look like the target of humour especially women.

Do you think you are a good person?

In this question we are looking for character traits, here John emphasises his contribution to the community, over exaggerates his role and minimises that of others. He wants to be seen as the good man.

If you see a beggar in the street how do you react?

This again is the checking question for the previous one about being good. Here John justifies what being good is – that it is situational for him. The beggar makes too much money therefore I do not have to give. I’m still a good man though? Self justification gives rise to thinking and behaviour to suit our prejudices.

John came for personal growth to be able to be more in his world than just the normal person. John feels he is unfulfilled by life and from our questions we can see the image he holds of himself and his personal reality. Now the counsellor is not dealing with a problem of growth but a problem of image and self interest. From the findings of social psychology the counselling can be better informed and have a better base from which to suggest change and insight.

Conclusion:

This paper set out to show how a study of social psychology could help counsellors become better questioners and more informed about how people see themselves, their personal reality and concept of worth in a social world. In the two example case studies we can see the practical application of the findings from research in this area. Of course social psychology is a huge area of study and in this paper we have only scratched the surface of social thinking. Social influence and social relations can also inform us – such areas as obedience, conformity, conflict resolution and many other areas where people influence people either by the situation, or by the traits and characters of others, in transactions of our social world.

References:

Myers, .D (2005) Social Psychology, Posts & Telecom Press, China – McGraw Hill Publishing. USA.

I recommend the above text for a introduction to the area for first timers, however if you are more advanced then the study texts for social psychology from the Open University in England is far more superior in explanation of content.

Professor Stephen F. Myler PhD (Psych)

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List of the Top Places to Visit in London

Visiting London is one of the most enthralling things that you could do in your life. Some people are intimated to come here because of the expensive lifestyle that they have. And sadly it is true. Usually the ones who can only go there are those who have the means and who can afford all the expenses. So whether you are in London for a vacation, business trip or furthering an education, take some time to look around and see the top places there are in this city. You will love everything that you find here from amazing stores to fancy restaurants. But of course, do not say that I did not warn you. Bring our cash and credit card as well.

London has many things to offer to tourists who want to enjoy and see breathtaking sceneries.

Let us start with the Oxford or Regents Street. The reason why you will love this place is because there are a lot of shopping stores that you can visit. The best time to come her is I guess during Christmas when the streets are filled with lights.

Next is the Trafalgar Square where Nelson's Column is located. Here you will find sculptures as well as statues. There are also huge buildings all over the square like Canada Houses and the South Africa.

Third is the Leicester Square which is an absolute entertainment haven. It is here where you will find numerous eateries, cinemas, bars and cafes all over the square.

You may not want to miss out on Piccadilly Circus. This is a very popular place where several advertising boards can be found.

Hyde Park is considered the largest in London central which is near the Kensington Gardens.

Of course, City of London should also be included in your list of the top places. This is regarded as one of the greatest financial centers in the world. Historical buildings are also found here.

If you want to buy fresh fruits and vegetables then go to the Covent Gardens. When you are there, grab the chance to visit the Royal Opera House.

London eye is also a famous attraction among tourists because of the giant wheels.

For a luxurious visit then head to the Mayfair. The flats here are among the most expensive in the world so expect that the people who are staying here are among the wealthiest in London. There are also high end shops and expensive diners around the corner.

These should be on top of your list of the top places to see in London.

Las Camisetas de fútbol de adidas se encuentran entre las preferidas de muchos equipos. Descubre por qué visitando nuestra colección en la web. by Lam Bong

One Pound Houses

The cheapest street in Britain. On Wednesday I watched a documentary on Liverpool’s housing scheme – the opportunity to purchase a dilapidated house for a pound and do it up. That sounds like a fabulous idea for those struggling to get on the housing-ladder, and several families had accepted the offer and were eagerly renovating their properties.

However a few problems came to light. Because the area the houses were in was a run down district, there was a lot of crime, vandalizing and even shootings, which was frightening for the new residence. There were only a few sales amid rows of empty houses.

The council had apparently had 2500 enquiries for the properties, why couldn’t they move faster at getting more families in thus creating a thriving community of like-minded people working hard at renovating their homes. A higher occupancy would probably lower vandalism.

Another problem the new purchasers had, was their lack of the skill-set required to repair rooves, flooring and completely renovating a shell. The work obviously had to be completed to a high standard and the new purchasers were working to a small budget and doing as much of the work as possible; also sometimes their work was being destroyed by vandalism.

Some may say why was the council selling off housing stock? They had previously been planned to redevelop the area but funding ran out – but there were benefits to the scheme:

Selling the houses for renovation would bring in council tax.

Homes would be provided.

The area would be tidied up and improved with new residents taking pride in their properties.

An improved district, once everyone had moved in, less crime etc.

It seems to me with a few tweaks the scheme could produce a win-win solution. By selling say 50 houses a month in due course the revenue from council tax could be:

50 houses X £100 CT = £5000 per month. Which isn’t being provided whilst houses are empty!

If council tax was halved for the first 6 months whilst the houses were renovated and tuition/support offered from a team of vetted builders, also doing work at a subsidised rate, this would encourage more people to purchase, and the uptake would be faster. (The revenue raised could help provide the services).

A thriving community would quickly develop, reduced crime in the area, some housing deficit satisfied and revenue form council tax for the future.

As this is only the first episode it will be interesting to see how the project develops, and how the council deal with the arising problems. The program returns next week.

comprar camisetas futbol spain y selecciones nacionales y todos los clubs para hombre,mujer y niños,Camisetas de fútbol en camisetafutboles.com. by Anne O’Dwyer