Glasgow Rangers Football Club

The 1919/20 season heralded the dawn of a new era for Rangers as manager William Wilton and number two William Struth initiated a Glasgow Rangers dominance that was to last until the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939. Though winning this season with 31 wins out of 42 games and scoring 106 goals, it was overshadowed by the subsequent death of manager, William Wilton.

William Wilton

When the Scottish League was formed in 1890, Wilton became its first treasurer as Rangers shared the title with Dumbarton.

The season before he was appointed to his dual-role, Rangers had achieved the first ever 100% league record, winning all 18 games and scoring 79 goals. No team before or since has ever achieved the same, although several teams have gone unbeaten in a league season since, including Arsenal in 2004.

Rangers were to win 8 league titles with Wilton as manager

Sadly,Wilton did not see the full extent of the team’s success. The day after the final match of the season in 1920, he left or the Bank Holiday, which he planned to spend at Gourock, but he died in a boating accident on the first day of his holiday.

Taking over the manager’s job was William Struth, Struth guided Rangers to a further 14 titles before the war. This period was also noteworthy for the attendances. On the 2nd January 1939 a British league record was broken as 118,567 fans turned out to watch Rangers beat Glasgow Celtic in the traditional new year holiday old firm match.

Glasgow Rangers is a great football club with a great history.

Echa un vistazo a nuestra variedad de Camisetas de fútbol. Camisetas de entreno y partido de clubes nacionales y selecciones internacionales. by Thomas W Kempton

The After Breakup Feel Good Arsenal

When you’re mending your broken heart after the breakup, we sometimes need a bit of an extra oomph to feel better. So whether you’re focusing now on the details of the breakup, feeling melancholic, or you simply want an instant pick me up, try skimming through this list for ways to make you feel great about yourself again. Then, you can jot down your favorites on your notebook or elsewhere, so you can check it again whenever you need a feel-good tonic.

Eat Good Food. Perhaps, you already know that some foods can actually make you feel great. You know this intuitively of course. But have you tried something specifically because you knew that it has the ability to make you feel things that are relaxing and great? Get happy by trying good food from your own pantry or from the nearest resto.

Listen To Good Music. There are a huge lot of songs out there that are specifically created to help people get through a particular loss. Better yet why not create your own break up song. Express those feelings in a soulful melody. Use tunes that will make you feel liberated, strong and empowered.

Watch a Flick. Regardless if you choose a teeny bopper flick, comedy or the ultimate breakup movie, look for a movie that has a feel good script. Something that will make you laugh your heart out would awesome.

Shower. Ah yes our personal favorite and I’m pretty sure most of you will agree on this one, taking a long, warm shower can instantly make you feel better. For those who love to soak on a tub a bath works just the same. You can also go to your local pool and take a plunge.

Journal a.k.a Blog in an Old School Fashion. Are you traditionalist who would rather use a piece of paper, or are you a techno-savvy individual who loves to do their journal online instead? Either way, writing your feelings, thoughts and sentiments down is a fantastic way to release the memory of the past. And you’re also gradually liberating yourself.

Go for a Stroll. It’s easy, cheap and anybody can do it, in time of course. Strolling or simply walking gets your brain working (this mechanism helps you to meditate) and it also gets the blood coursing. You can always go for a stroll with a family member or a friend and have a conversation. Talk to them with whatever topic is on your mind. You and your walking buddy can also explore a new hiking trail or find a trail path that leads to a serene place.

Get a Drum. There are a lot of studies performed and it showed that drumming helps to calm down one’s nerves, process grief, make you feel good and even aids you with a huge array of physical ailments. If you try to join a drumming circle you will meet a community of like-minded individuals to learn and grow with as well.

Practice Relaxed Breathing. Most people underestimate the power of breathing. Relaxed breathing makes you feel fueled and it calms down your nerves. It can take a bit of practice to do conscious breathing or focused breathing but once you get the hang of it you’ll learn be able to reap its benefits.

Join a Yoga Class. Great for flexibility, and a fantastic mood-enhancer, yoga is a brilliant tool in your feel good arsenal.

Break ups. Even those parting ways that’s done amicably can still sting. When you’re grieving the end of your relationship, make sure to do yourself a favor: after you curled yourself to sleep get up and make yourself feel better. And if none of the tips here you think doesn’t work, try to keep this in mind: «In the end, everything will turn out okay. If it’s not okay, then it is not the end.»

Echa un vistazo a nuestra variedad de Camisetas de fútbol. Camisetas de entreno y partido de clubes nacionales y selecciones internacionales. by Michael Griswold

The Characteristics of Bad Leadership

Introduction

When the Israelites requested that they wanted a king to rule over them and rejected the theocratic reign of God, God gave them Saul son of Kish as their king. It was God’s decision to continue to rule the Israelites through a human representative. Later, God rejected Saul as unfit to continue to rule the Israelites. Why was Saul’s leadership condemned?

Solomon was one of the many kings who ruled Israel after Saul. He had a long and peaceful reign over Israel. His son Rehoboam succeeded him as king. But shortly after his accession to the throne, the United Kingdom was divided into two and he lost the greater part of the kingdom. What made the United Kingdom divide and disintegrate under king Rehoboam?

After the Death of Joshua and the elders who out-lived him, there was a great problem of leadership in Israel. God raised up judges from time to time to deliver his people from oppression and rule over them. Samson was one of those judges that God raised. The Israelites, whom Samson was raised to deliver on several occasions tried to hand him over to their oppressors. Samson later became a prisoner of the philistines until his death. What happened to this great man that God raised as a deliver?

For a woman to rule a nation like Israel, she must certainly have some great qualities. Therefore one cannot be wrong in saying Athaliah the mother of Ahaziah, who also ruled Israel, had great qualities. However, in the seventh year of her reign the people conspired against her and put her to death by the sword. What was wrong with her leadership that caused her subject to have acted in this way?

The four leaders mentioned failed in their leadership roles. For this reason their leadership has been characterized as bad. However, is it because one fails in leadership that one’s leadership is bad? Failure is an indication that there are certain characteristics of one’s leadership that are not good. These Characteristics, which cause leaders to fail, would now be identified in the leadership of the four leaders. This will be done under the following headings: (a) A reflection on the leadership of five leaders in Bible times ( b) Basic characteristics of their leadership (c) An evaluation of their leadership.

A reflection on the leadership of five leaders in Bible times

This section is a reflection on the leadership of five leaders whose leadership has been characterized as bad. As mentioned in the introduction each of these leaders have experienced failures in their leadership. But, is it because of a failure that one’s leadership should be characterized as bad? This reflection is the first step in answering the question posed above. The leadership of Saul, Rehoboam, Samson and Athaliah will be briefly discussed focusing on their preparedness or fitness to lead and on their specific areas of failure.

Saul

Saul was the first king of Israel. Saul is chosen by divine guidance. He is a man of humility, consecrated by holy oil and filled with the spiurit.1 It cannot be denied that Saul was prepared for leadership by the assurance of divine support and the special dualities that God gave him as a person. As Joyce Peel rightly pointed out, at the very beginning of his reign Saul proved his ability to lead as he rescued the city of Jabesh from the control of Nahash the Ammonite. The victory over the Ammonites gave Saul acceptance among all the people.

Without disagreeing with Joyce Peel that Saul had good qualities for leadership and was prepared for leadership by the assurance of divine support, Ted Engstrom stated that Saul lacked most of the fine qualities one expects in leadership.2 To substantiate his point, he made reference to an account in second Samuel Chapter five. This account was in reference to a request the people of the northern tribes of Israel made to David, asking him to also be their King. In their appeal to David, Engstrom observed that they said David was the real power in Saul’s government and Saul was only a figurehead. It was David who led Israel out to battle and won victories for the nation. In addition, Engstrom pointed out that the nation that Saul left behind was torn by civil wars.3

In may be true that Saul lacked most of the fine qualities one expects in leadership, but the qualities that he had were good enough for him to succeed. Identifying the areas of Saul’s failures can prove the point that he had what would have made him succeed. According to William J Dumbrell, there were three main areas of failures in Saul’s leadership. The first was when Saul defies Samuel’s orders to wait in Mizpah until he comes to offer sacrifice before the soldiers go to battle. Saul went along and offered the sacrifice though he was not a Levite. The second was, as Dumbrell puts it, his food taboo and his proposed death of Jonathan. Jonathan had eaten some wild honey not knowing that Saul had pronounced a self-determined religious fast, enforced with a curse, until the pursuit of their enemies was over. In addition, Saul’s victorious army was so hungry when they returned that they slaughtered and ate the animals without cooking the meet. In this situation Saul certainly lost control of his followers. The third failure was when he failed to carry out God’s instructions concerning the Amalekites. He was supposed to destroy them and their animals completely, but he spared the king and the best of the animals.4

Saul’s failure must however be seen in its wider context. The issue was that he refuses to acknowledge God’s authority established through the prophet Samuel. Samuel was to provide divine guidance to Saul for him to succeed.

Rehoboam

Rehoboam was the son of king Solomon. One can assume that as one of the king’s sons he would have been very much interested in the kingship. As the king’s son he would also have been groomed for leadership, especially when one considered the fact that under normal circumstances one of the king’s sons had to succeed him. He therefore had potentials that qualify him to lead. However, according to some authors, Rehoboam was not adequately prepared for leadership. William J Dumbrell observed, that Jeroboam, the one time forced labor supervisor in the north, capitalizes upon the ineptness of Solomon’s son Rehoboam and leads the northern ten tribes into succession as the kingdom of Israel.5 Dumbrell’s argument was that if Rehoboam had been adequately prepared for leadership he would not have acted the way he did on that particular occasion. One can gain more insight from the observation of Joyce Peel that Rehoboam was not adequately prepared for leadership. She affirms that Rehoboam, like Absalom, is arrogant. Brought up in Solomon’s palace, he sees royalty in terms of privilege and absolute power. He ignores the advise of older counselors, and encouraged by his arrogant men he returned a harsh answer.6 It can be observed from what Joyce peel said, that the problem of Rehoboam’s unpreparedness for leadership was basically his. It was a matter of his character or conduct. Every person should be personally accountable for his or her character and conduct. King Rehoboam failed in maintaining the United Kingdom left by his father. The incident already cited resulted in the division of the kingdom. Although the division of the kingdom had already been prophesied, Rehoboam’s action should not be overlooked. His failure, one must observe, resulted not only in a political division of the nation, but also in the apostasy of the northern tribes.

Samson

Samson was one of the judges raised to rule Israel before the start of the monarchy. According to Judges 13:15-23, he was the promised son of a barren woman. Even before he was born, God began to make preparations for him as a chosen leader. Samson grew up to be a Nazarite, sworn never to drink or cut his hair. The secret of his phenomenal strength lay in keeping this vow. It should be observed that Samson’s preparation as a spiritual leader was of extreme importance to God. One should take into consideration that it was because of the apostasy of the nation that they were experiencing suppression by their enemies. The enemies during Samson’s time were the philistines, who were controlling most of the land and they had exclusive possession of iron weapons. Maybe for that reason God raised Samson to be exceptionally strong to confront them even without a weapon.

When Samson assumed his leadership role, Joyce Peel described the kind of person he turned out to be: «But Samson was lustful, self-willed and irresponsible.» Peel made references to the two philistine women he married, who infatuated and deceived him. The first one who got the secret of his riddle from him and the second, Delilah, who got the secret of his strength.

The people whom Samson was supposed to lead considered him a failure. On some occasions they tried to hand him over to their enemies because they saw him as the cause for greater suppression. Arthur E. Cundell described the humiliation of this great judge in the hands of his enemies in these words: «The weakened Samson was now easily captured by the philistines. His eyes were gouged out and he was brought down to Gaza, the scene of one of his earlier feasts of strength (16:1-3) and put to work at the tedious task of grinding out corn.»8 Samson’s life, which promised so much, taking into consideration the special abilities God gave him, was blighted and ultimately destroyed by his sensual passions and lack of true separation to the Lord.

Athaliah

The last of the four leaders to be discussed is Attaliah, the mother of Azariah. As already been pointed out, she ruled Israel for six years. Eugene M. Merrill described how she came to leadership in the following quote: «The empty throne of Judah was left by default to Attaliah, Azariah’s wicked Israelite mother.»9 The Biblical record in 2Chronicles 22 shows that she puts to death all those she can find who had right to the throne. Therefore describing her as a wicked woman can be justified. However, to be able to accomplish such a goal she must have had good support. The fact that this woman was able to sit on the throne for six years, show that she had leadership abilities. This is however not to justify the way she used her abilities.

On the seventh year of her reign, the biblical records show that she was overthrown and killed by the very people she was ruling. In just retribution for her blasphemies and murders, she was maneuvered away from God’s house which her sons had ransacked (2Chronicles 24:7) and was slain near the palace.10 This shows that the people she was ruling never accepted her leadership. She had managed to use force and her position as queen mother to stay in power.

Basic characteristics of the leaders and their leaderships

Having briefly reflected on the four leaders and their leadership, it will now be appropriate to discuss the basic characteristics of their leadership. This will be done under three sub-headings:

a) The leader as a person;

b) His or her leadership;

c) The followers.

This is because leadership involves a relationship between these three elements.

a. The Leaders

According to Bob Gordon and David Fardouly, many people fail in leadership because they did not receive a divine call to leadership. A call from God comes with an inner recognition that the individual will be equipped for the task. They said without God, no one would be sufficiently equipped to accomplish any task in God’s kingdom. The individual will only be operating in his or her own strength.11 It is worth noting that two of the leaders being discussed received divine call, but they also failed. Was it because they operated in their own strength? Gordon and Fardouly’s point is that one of the reasons why leaders fail is because they operate in their own strength, which in some cases, may be an indication that they have not been called. In other cases, they may have been called but have turned away from God’s authority and support. Therefore, from what Gordon and Fardouly have said, one of the characteristics of bad leadership is seen in the conduct or character of the leaders who do not recognize their inadequacy and try to do everything by their own strength.

b. Their leadership

In discussing the leadership of the four leaders, two main things have been given primary importance. These are their vision and leadership styles. As John Haggai rightly observed, «a vision has a direct bearing on his leadership style.12 As a starting point, one could ask, what were the4 visions of these leaders? What was Saul’s vision for Israel? Or did Saul really have a vision for Israel? A close examination of the observation of John Maxwell will help one determine whether Saul really have a vision. Maxwell observed that after he tasted success in battle, he mistook his position as king for real leadership. Though he had the title, power and crown of a king, he never moved the monarchy beyond a chairman-based judgeship. He was made a general but he never attracted a large standing army. He created no organized government to preserve his gains. And when God no longer favoured him he though the title of king entitled him to continue leading.13 From these observations one could rightly say that Saul had no vision that he pursued on behalf of Israel. As a result, his style of leadership was mainly seen in his response to Israel’s enemies. During those occasions he demonstrated more of o dictatorial or authoritative kind of leadership.

King Rehoboam on the other hand considered to have achieved his goal when he sat on the throne. One can deduce from his reply to the Israelites who appealed to him to reduce the burden of king Solomon placed on them, that he had no proper vision for the people. It was clear from his reply that his vision was for the people to serve him and make him comfortable. Also, the caliber of the counselors he chose supported the fact that he had no vision for Israel. His vision might have been to sit on the throne until he retires or dies. As a result of his lack of vision, his style of leadership was more of an authoritarian or dictatorial one.

Samson was no different from Rehoboam. According to Joyce Peel, Samson was lustful, self-willed and irresponsible.14 Samson was never seen in any constructive leadership role in Israel. His attacks on Israel’s enemies were purely based on personal revenge. He was however supposed to subdue the nation’s enemies because of their suppression of the nation. The life he lived showed that he had no clear vision for the nation. So his style of leadership was more of an authoritarian or dictatorial one.

Like the others, queen Athaliah did not have a vision for Israel. She came to power in a palace coup and her only goal was to stay in power. The only way she was able to do that was by exercising a dictatorial style of leadership. Leaders like Athaliah demand total obedience from their subjects.

c. Their followers

Some of the Characteristics of bad leadership can be identified with the followers. One must take into consideration Anthony D’souza’s statement that leadership involves an inter-relationship between three elements:

a) The quality skills and needs of the leader

b) The needs and expectations of the group

c) The demands or requirements of the situation.15

On several occasion Saul’s men abandoned him in battle. On other occasions he forced them to do what he wanted. For instance, when he declared a fast until Israel completed the pursuit of their enemies. This caused the soldiers to sin in the end, by eating meat with blood or in other words, meat that was eaten raw and not cooked.

In the case of Rehoboam, the greater number of Israelites rejected his leadership and revolted against him. Samson’s situation was even worse. His followers were willing to hand him over to their enemies. They saw him as the cause of their problems. Athaliah’s followers revolted against her and killed her. None of these leaders chose their successor. In fact with the exception of Rehoboam they all died gruesome deaths. Rehoboam escaped such death, by buying peace from Shishak who was planning to invade Jerusalem. Rehoboam bought peace by giving him the treasures in the temple in Jerusalem.

Conclusion

In the introduction the following question was posed: ‘Is it because someone failed that his/her leadership should be characterized as bad?’ In attempting to answer this question, which forms the thesis of this chapter, the leadership of four leaders in the Bible has been examined. These leaders – Saul, Rehoboam, Samson and Athaliah, were selected because their leadership had been characterized as bad. The goal of the evaluation was to identity the main characteristics of their leadership in order to determine what was common to all and then compare these characteristics with those of good leadership.

END NOTES

1Joyce Peel, A Journey Trough the Old Testament: The Story of God’s Relationship with Man, Woman and the World (Oxford: The Bible Reading Fellowship, 1993), p. 66.

2Ted W. Engstrom, The Making of a Christian Leader: How to Dvelop Management and Human Relations Skills (Michigan: Zondervan Publishing House, 1976), p. 30.

3Ibid, p. 30.

4William J. Dumbrell, The Faith of Israel: It’s Expression in the Book of the Old Testament (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1992), p. 80.

5William J. Dumbrell, The Faith of Israel: It’s Expression in the Book of the Old Testament (Leicester: Inter-Varsity Press, 1992), p. 87.

6Joyce Peel, A Journey Trough the Old Testament: The Story of God’s Relationship with Man, Woman and the World (Oxford: The Bible Reading Fellowship, 1993), p. 66.

7Joyce Peel, A Journey Trough the Old Testament: The Story of God’s Relationship with Man, Woman and the World (Oxford: The Bible Reading Fellowship, 1993), p. 62.

8Author E. Cundell, Judges and Ruth: Tyndele Old Testament Commentaries (Illinois: Inter-varsity Press, 1968), p. 179.

9Eugene H. Merrill, 2 Chronicles: The Bible Knowledge Commentary (Colorado: Chariot Victor Publishing, 1985), p. 636.

10John J. Davis and John C. Whitcomb, Israel: A Commentary on Joshua – 2 Kings (Michigan: Baker Book House, 1970), p. 438.

11Bob Gordon and David Fardouly, Master Builder: Developing Life and Leadership in the Body of Christ (Kent: Sovereign World, 1990), p. 6.

12John Haggai, Lead On! Leadership that Endures in a Changing World (Dallas: Word Publishing, 1986), p. 16.

13John Maxwell, The 21 Most Powerful Minutes in a Leaders Day in a Leader’s Day: Revitalize Your Spirit and Empower Your Leadership, (Nashville Thomas Nelson Publishers, 2000), p. 4.

14Joyce Peel, A Journey Through The Old Testament: A Story Of God’s Relationship With Man. Woman and The World (Oxford): The Bible Reading Fellowship, 1993), p. 62.

15Anthony D’souza, Being A Leader (Achimota: African Christian Press, 1990)

p. 811.

Tu tienda especializada de Camisetas de fútbol retro y vintage. Compra Camisetas de fútbol antiguas, replicas auténticas. Moda clásica. by Leopold A. Foullah

New to London – Where to Stay

London is one big town with plenty to do. So where to stay to get the most out of London?

Personally, I strongly suggest staying around a zone 2 area. For the benefit of those who don’t know what this means – I am referring to the zones in the London transport system, specifically the trains or the tube as its commonly known.

So, lets begin. Firstly, to get our bearings of the city, let us understand the places of work in London. The common areas where you will probably work in London could be anywhere between Hammersmith in the West to Aldgate in the East to Baker Street in the North. If you are working in Finance or Banking than there is a high probability that you will be working in Canary Wharf (in the east).

Secondly, places to party / theatre / and awesome nights out would be: Green Park, Piccadilly Circus, Leicester Square & Covent Garden.

Thirdly, primary shopping spot – for the fashion slaves, London’s main shopping strip is Oxford Street between Bond St and Oxford Circus.

So here are list of my fav areas for each direction on the compass with approx weekly rent per person:

North

£150 – 175 per person / per week

Swiss Cottage – nice area, not many pubs or spots for night out but very convenient

West Hampstead – next to Swiss Cottage, great local spots at West End Lane

Finchley Road – very very convienient for commuting to the airports for weekend getaways, close to a shopping centre (the O2) and close to the local drinking spots in West Hampstead.

A lot of young professional people living in these areas.

£130 – 160 per person / per week

Angel – eclectic, a lot of bars and places to hang out. A bit like Newtown in Sydney.

West

£160 – 200+ per person / per week

Posh posh posh.

Notting Hill – famous from the movie, host a carnival every year. Great market and a good vibe

Bayswater – Convenient, close to Notting Hill and a little cheaper than Notting Hill

South

£160 – 180 per person / per week

Victoria Station – the famous station. Super convenient, close to theatres and the West End / Piccadilly Circus / Greenpark (London’s nightlife hub)

£140ish

Pimlico – nice area, close to Victoria station. Some spots might have some views towards Waterloo / the Parliament.

East

In the old days the East would be a no go zone. Now its been re-vamped with plenty of new apartments around / high rises and modern places, very convient for the banking and finance folks who work in Canary Wharf.

Prices Vary. Areas to consider:

Canada Water

Canary Wharf

Limehouse

So, where to stay? Well when I was in London, I worked at Bank, Canary Wharf and Aldgate East (all towards the East) but stayed in West Hamstead / Finchley Rd / Swiss Cottage. I loved it – price was reasonable, good gentry, close to London’s West End and so easy to travel over the weekends with great bus services to the airports.

Enjoy, and don’t hesitate to contact us at Globe Unlimited if you want to discuss or know anything more from this article.

http://www.globeunlimited.com.au

Camisetas de fútbol Equipamiento, ropa y calzado deportivo . Compra online ahora con los mejores descuentos. by Ankush Kharbanda

10 Common Scenarios for Booking a Hotel

Whether it’s for business, pleasure or leisure, we all need to book hotels from time to time. Here are 10 of the most common scenarios for doing so.

1. If you’re attending or organising a wedding, you’ll need to book hotels. As it’s a special occasion, a luxury or boutique hotel may be appropriate.

2. You may look to book a hotel for you and your other half, so you can enjoy a romantic weekend break. Again, something luxurious may be preferred.

3. If you have tickets to see a show or concert, you may want the convenience of having a short stroll back to a hotel room afterwards. City centre accommodation is often best for this occasion.

4. If you’re heading for a city break, enjoying some sightseeing and good food, a hotel may be required so you can spread your visit over two days.

5. When you’re away on business and are likely to be spending the whole day in the city, you may prefer an overnight stay, rather than heading back late at night.

6. If you’re going on a long journey, you may wish to break up the driving with a hotel stay. That way, you’ll be wide awake and safe on the roads.

7. If you have guests coming to stay, or you’re a guest going to visit someone, you may need to book a hotel that’s convenient.

8. If you’re going on holiday and have flights during the early hours, you may want an overnight stay at the airport.

9. If you have been offered a good job in a new city and they need you to start immediately, you may need to stay in a hotel while you’re looking for a new place to live.

10. If you’re on a big night out, a hotel may represent a more convenient or even cheaper alternative to getting a taxi home.

For example, you may need to search for hotels in Liverpool if you’re planning a night on the town soon. You can find everything from small boutique accommodation to a luxury Liverpool hotel, depending on what you need.

a mayor selección de Camisetas de fútbol baratas está en eBay ✓ Compra equipaciones de fútbol y más al mejor precio ✓ ¡Con opción de envío gratis by Robert Berry-Smith

Many Valuables Lost In A Noble Ship – The Unfortunate Ship "Earl Of Moira"

The Earl of Moira Dublin smack packet ship was on her voyage from Liverpool to Dublin with 110 persons on board, including 30 cabin passengers, many of them very respectable and with a crew of six.
She was supposed to sail at five, on the evening of the 8th, 1821.The vessel however, did not sail until half past six, from the pier head at Liverpool, owing to what I was told, the captain delay on shore for various and personal reasons. When he came on board, he was so intoxicated with alcohol as being totally incapable of conducting the vessel, and indeed unable to stand without support. This was observed by many, but every person seemed to think that his crew was sufficient to conduct her in such a moderate weather as it then appeared to be. The first obvious error was the running the vessel upon the Burbo Bank near half past seven, about four or five miles from the rock; but after great exertions on the part of the passengers and crew, she was got off and could, without doubt, have been bought back to Liverpool safely, as the wind was fair.Unfortunately the captain would not allow it; the men would only obey his orders, nor could the passengers be persuaded to act together. They depended upon two or three seamen only who were sober as all should be to conduct a vessel at sea.

About ten, the vessel again missed stays and grounded on the Wharf Bank, off Mok Beggar. The top mast was then struck and the captain and crew assured the passengers that there was no danger. When the flood tide set in, the vessel began to leave and struck the Bank with much violence, that at half past two in the morning, she was filled with water fore and aft and the pumps became wholly ineffective. The passengers now wished a signal of distress to be hoisted, but the captain unconscious by liquor would not consent. Between four and five in the morning, the water forced away the cabin deck windows and the luggage, provisions etc… floating up, the sea breaking over them.The waves increased with the rising tide and at last, brought the vessel on her broadside. Soon after, the boat and deck lumber were washed overboard. The wretched appearance of the passengers, with the exception of a few bold fellows and one young married lady was rendered truly distressing.

In fact, it would be impossible to convey the least idea of the deplorable situation of the females; indeed, many of the men were equally as helpless. Some were already incapable of making exertions through fear, and others so careless, that they required to be urged to make them. The boat had been stove at night and lying on deck unfit for sailing, yet might have been put in order, if we had been apprised of our danger. But now the time was too short, the confusion too great – the sailors fled to the shrouds, which first induced me to look that way for protection. The luggage had been piled in this boat and many thronged upon it. Every moment seemed to increase the danger. Two valuable horses that had been in the hold were got out before this time and were thrown overboard. They took different directions, neither making to the shore; one swam towards Liverpool, the other out to sea. The last time I saw the captain was in making some exertion to get the horses overboard; even he was incapable of action. While this was taking place, the crippled boat in which the greater part of the cabin passengers were seated and the luggage placed, forced the skylight against which it lay and went overboard, leaving those who had been upon it to make the best of their way to a rope or the shrouds. Those who had no strength remaining to rush there or swim to the fallen bowsprit, were compelled to hold by the next object, whether the railing or a rope. In a quarter of an hour more, at seven, the deck gave away, commencing at the stern and breaking up to the main hatchway nearly at once.It was impossible to learn the exact number of those who perished but it may be safely stared at 50 souls. All the survivors stated the accident to have originated in the intoxication of the captain and the greater part of his crew, the steward and one or two others only having done their duty. Many of the passengers were of the most respectable families on their way to meet His Majesty in Ireland and carried with them considerable property.

Between seven and eight A.M, the Hoylake life-boat arrived and took on board about 30 of the passengers, all much exhausted and some of them in a dying state. A second boat arrived from Liverpool and received about eight more of the passengers. Before the third boat arrived the deck of the Earl of Moira was borne up by the sea and the masts fell. Many of the women were swept away, but about twelve persons got into this boat. Out of 83 cabin passengers, only 16 were saved…No report of divers yet, of finding any wreckage of the ship and her valuables. This is a very difficult place where to dive, with strong currents and cold water. But the ship and her treasures are still lying somewhere in these dangerous waters, waiting to be discovered…

In other considerations, this story his a typically a case study of irresponsibility and negligence from a ship’s captain and her crew, transporting passengers and cargo. This is one of the many reasons for a ship to be wrecked, as nobody or no sufficient hands are capable to steer the ship properly and safely to her destination.

An early notable shipwreck story we can mention is the one of the Blanche Nef or the White Ship. According to the historian Robert Lacey : The White Ship was the Titanic of the Middle Ages, a much-vaunted high-tech vessel on its maiden voyage, wrecked against a foreseeable natural obstacle in the reckless pursuit of speed. The passenger list constituted the cream of high society, cast into the chilly waters.On 24 November 1120, King Henry and his entourage were finally returning to England, having reached the Norman port of Barfleur. The King was offered the state-of-the-art White Ship, but as he had already made his travelling arrangements, he suggested that it would be a treat for his son William to sail in such a vessel. She was powered by 50 oarsmen and carrying more than 300 passengers. Among them were 140 knights and 18 noblewomen. Both passengers and crew were soon drunk, shouting abuse at one another and ejecting a group of priests who had arrived to bless the voyage. The drinking and carousing delayed the start of the Channel crossing – King Henry had already sailed. Now the roisterers issued a challenge to the captain: despite the fact that night had fallen, could he overtake the king’s ship ? He accepted and tragedy soon followed… The fact that the Captain was as drunk as his passengers and a substantial rock that was submerged at high tide sealed the fate of the ship.It is said that, after hearing of the disaster, Henry I never smiled again…

Amongst others cases, there is the one with captain Merriman of the Commodore T.H. Allen, in 1901, when the oil-laden full-rigged ship caught fire, was beached and scuttled, just inside the point at Sandy Hook, at the time manned by a drunken crew…

Another one of this nature can be narrated with the more recent example of the m.v. Roustel grounded on Red Head, near Montrose, in December 1999, when Mr Pawlak, the Chief Officer on board, retired to his bunk without anyone on the bridge keeping watch, leaving his crew members asleep and oblivious to the danger. The ship was then a ghost ship carrying 16,000 litres of diesel, travelling through the night without direction and control. Mr Pawlak admitted that he was solely responsible for the navigation of the ship and that having taken over the watch, he drank whisky and became totally drunk…The recent example of the Jork, a 2.000-ton ship carrying grain from Lubeck (Germany) destined for the port of New Holland, Lincolnshire, is also significative when the vessel crashed 40 miles (64km) off the coast, in August 2007. Captain Zbigniew Krakowski, was jailed for a year after crashing his ship into Viking Echo gas platform off Norfolk while drunk, causing up to £10m damage. The Jork continued another 500 metres before it stopped and started listing. It sank a day later. The captain pleaded guilty, at Lincoln Crown Court, to being drunk in charge of a cargo vessel…

Pascal Kainic

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Does Soccer Superleague Hold The Key To One Europe?

If there is one common thread interwoven throughout all European cultures, it must be soccer, right? Perhaps in popular theory. But the conventional wisdom now hangs in the balance as the quest for the almighty buck – that is, the supreme euro – has eroded the very fabric of soccer (no offense to Pete Rozelle, but let's call it what it really is: football). As "European integration" becomes a buzz word for the 21st century, football will likely play an integral role in either facilitating or decelerating this cultural, political and economic merger of countries.

Football club owners have offered to help the cause by composing a framework for the future European SuperLeague, which would consist of the region's most elite franchises. Europe has already made a transformation in showcasing athleticism, whether its unbridled fans are willing, as investors assemble to protect their shares in perhaps the most anticipated "cash cow" in sports entertainment.

However, even top football officials have their doubts. FIFA president Sepp Blatter, arguably the most powerful man in football worldwide, has stated his strong opposition to a breakaway superleague.

Regardless, sports business experts insist that any successful venture in football integration would require the solidarity of ownership policies and fan participation. True, the former condition is already growing at an explosive pace. Corporate investors have estimated the economic feasibility of supporting ESL franchises in various cities across Europe. Plans have already been proposed to compete with the Union of European Football Associations (UEFA) in forming the most marketable superleague. Media Partners International, a Milan-based consulting firm, has garnered over $ 1.2 billion investments from JP Morgan to sustain the ESL for the first three years. Judging from the success of professional sports in the United States, there is no telling of this league's untapped potential.

If any doubts of European football's growth still remain, then consider the burgeoning of players' salaries. Inter Milan recently acquired Italian striker Christian Vieri for an estimated $ 43 million, dwarfing the annual payroll of most professional franchises. And the issue of whether Vieri deserved more or less than, say, Michael Jordan (excluding approv) is irrelevant. For now, football club owners can afford these superstars because consumers are compliant to rising ticket prices.

However, ESL owners must not discount the relationship between European fans and their revered teams. Football, for countless decades in each country, has supplied a measurement of national identity. As Europeans, during the integration process, ponder the potential void of national traditions, football remains their sole source of patriotic autonomy.

If the ESL passes, then UEFA would be subject to drop one of its Cup competitions, likely the Cup Winners Cup. More importantly, UEFA stands to sacrifice two underlying principles which have sustained the organization's existence – a commitment to divide Cup proceeds in an equitable manner for all clubs, and to televise all games free of charge to European subscribers.

The ESL would consist of Europe's top 32 (mostly large market) teams competing in a comprehensive tournament to determine the European football champion. If the league is supervised by UEFA, it will comprise of little commercial influence – in which case, some officials suggest that a league without proper promotion or relegation will lose people's interest in less than three years. But the traditionalists insist that UEFA's policies, although diplomatic in nature, serve to protect the institution of football from an onslaught of manipulation by massive corporations.

Even if the ESL and its large market teams are successful in growing the sport of football to unprecedented financial and social levels, there will undoubtedly be significant ramifications to the remaining franchises. Once again, the argument of revenue disparity between small and large market teams will assume center stage. Instead of George Steinbrenner clashing with Bud Selig, it will be two others bickering – without regard to the fans, any sport's key ingredient.

The decision of what ownership structure to emulate remains undetermined. The real challenge, at this point, is securing the support of the regional community. It is clear that the combined prowess of European cultures, not the individual national interests, will ultimately ensure the success of supranational football. Owners cannot and will not force an unnatural medium of sports entertainment to their consumers. Most business leaders in the European Union have recognized that integration comes at a cost – a lesson that football club owners are about to discover.

Despite the European Commission's diplomatic efforts to balance competition with equal protection, the fussbudgets will continue to question the motives of not only owners but also everyone else involved.

The fruition of ESL may or may not advance European integration, but the fight to protect one of Europe's most treasured assets – football – will surely accomplish the task.

[Originally Printed: Street & Smith's SportsBusiness Journal, 7/24/99]

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A Short Biography of Soccer Player – David Ginola

David Ginola was born on January 25, 1967 in Gassin, Var, France. He is an ex-national soccer player of France. But beside that, he has worked having the status of an actor and model as well.

David Ginola experienced playing soccer with some clubs, as long his career he played for Toulon in 1985-1988, Racing Club Paris in 1988-1990, Brest in 1990-1992, Paris Saint-Germain in 1992-1995, Newcastle United in 1995-1997, Tottenham Hotspur in 1997-2000, Aston Villa in 2000-2002 and Everton in 2002.

He was well-known for his ‘magical’ pat to the ball and his aptitude to pass players from any variety of position and afterward try to make a goal. Ginola’s aptitude was proven in matches for Tottenham and also Newcastle, with his most unforgettable goal in Newcastle’s eye-catching 5-0 gain victory over Manchester United. The Dutch legend Johan Cruijff in 1999 stated that it was his conviction that David Ginola was the best player on the planet at this time. In the year, he was titled PFA Players’ Player of the Year, when he played for Tottenham club.

Even though Ginola was an extremely outstanding French player, he did not notice much engagement with the national squad of France. He has been capped just 17 times during his football career. As long as his career as a professional player, Ginola developed repute as a stylish unconventional person and frequently conflicted with his coaches. Because his retirement in 2002 from the football game Ginola has become engaged in a number of new chases such as acting.

For his career, he got some honors and also awards. And the honors he got are include Paris SG (Championat de France: 1994, Coupe de France: 1993 & 1995, Coupe de la Ligue: 1995), Tottenham Hotspur (Football League Cup: 1999). While his awards, particularly with Tottenham Hotspur are English PFA Players’ Player of the Year 1999, English Football Writers Player of the Year 1999, and Club Player of Year 1998.

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