The Retired Jersey Numbers Of The Arizona Cardinals

The Arizona Cardinals have only been playing in the American Southwest since they moved there from the Midwest in 1988. The franchise has an incredibly long history though that dates back to more than 20 years before the founding of the National Football League. Throughout their history, they have had a number of great players wear the Cardinals jersey. Who though has set themselves apart from the rest so much that they ended up having their jersey number retired?

Since joining the NFL, there have been three main eras for the Cardinals, all signified by where the team was located. From 1920 to 1959, the team played as the Chicago Cardinals. From 1960 to 1987, they were the St. Louis Cardinals. From 1988 to present day, they have played as both the Phoenix Cardinals and the Arizona Cardinals. The franchise has retired the numbers of five different players, including at least one player from each of their eras.

Chicago Cardinals

#77 – Stan Mauldin

#99 – Marshall Goldberg

St. Louis Cardinals

#8 – Larry Wilson

#88 – J.V. Cain

Arizona Cardinals

#40 – Pat Tillman

The Cardinals have had an up and down history, with a lot of lows and some highs too. Throughout that time, the five players listed above have stood out for one reason or another as worthy of honoring by retiring their jersey number.

Other great Cardinals players in team history include: Roy Green, Ernie Nevers, Ollie Matson, Charley Trippi, Dick «Night Train» Lane, Dan Dierdorf, Jackie Smith, Larry Wilson, Roger Wehrli, Aeneas Williams, Anquan Boldin, Edgerrin James, Vai Sikahema, Kurt Warner, Jim Hart, Ottis Anderson, Freddie Joe Nunn, John David Crow, Neil Lomax, and Larry Fitzgerald.

Camisetas de fútbol , NBA y NFL baratas de la mejor calidad y de los mejores equipos y selecciones del mundo de Hombre,Mujer y Niños. by Mark Peters

England – Overview

England is a kingdom dripping with tradition and pride. The is a brief intro to this royal kingdom and some places you may find worthwhile.

Yeah, you can find the typical Brit snobs, but you will find that most of the people are friendly, down-to-earth, and steadfast, if at times somewhat enjoyably quirky. In fact, although more reserved than Americans, many Americans find friends in Britain with little difficulty, especially when camping or doing something else together with the British, such as hiking, biking, or other activities. Our common language is a huge advantage in Britain and enables you to speak to anyone.

The land is so enchantingly beautiful it is awe-inspiring. Great Britain truly is one of the most beautiful islands in the world. England is a green, pleasant, and graceful land with rustic, orderly villages and towns and vibrant cities all with centuries-old architecture that capture the quintessential essence of England. It is like visiting an enchanted land.

There are several large cities in England, such as Liverpool and Manchester, but the most important city politically and culturally is London.


In some ways, London captures the spirit of England and it is its very center in many ways except geographically. Besides a healthy and ever-changing clubbing scene, London also has a major place to see live theatre in the English-speaking world; and this is located in the West End districts of Soho and Covent Garden. Interesting places to see in the daytime include The Eye, which is a giant Ferris wheel with large enclosed cabins that travel slowly around and provide surprisingly good vistas of London. A cruise tour of the Thames River travels through the center of London, but you may also visit the Tower of London that houses the Crown jewels, the London Aquarium, Hampton Court Palace, Kensington Palace, Westminster Abbey, and The London Zoo, to name a few. For those interested, London has a number of major world-renowned museums including the National Gallery, the Natural History Museum, and the Museum of Victoria and Albert. If you need to do some shopping for yourself or for gifts or just for fun, visit some neighborhood flea markets and antique shops on the weekend.

But London is not everyone’s cup of tea.

Get Out of London

Many American visitors remain in London for their entire vacation, and that is a dogfish shame. If you are backpacking or have the gumption to strike out and travel the roads and byways away from the big city, then for goodness sake after you see some of London, get out of London and roam through the rest of England.

The English countryside has been the topic of rhyme and verse, ballad and song for over a thousand years. Simply put, it is awe-inspiring in its forested grandeur, and a welcome refuge from the hectic city. In deepest England you will free yourself from (most) freeways and except for festivals, mobs of people and find the quiet villages and towns that are the prototypical Olde England. Of course, in the summer months, many Britons have the same idea, so the larger tourist towns may not be as quiet as one may wish.

But there are other delights. In the summer months festivals are everywhere and you will be able to attend folk music festivals, rock festivals, and all other kinds of festivals all across Britain. Visit a government tourist office for festivals in the areas you plan to visit.

In addition, there is an abundance of magnificent medieval cathedral cities such as Lincoln, York, Salisbury, Durham and Winchester, fascinating ruined castles and majestic country manor houses that dot the countryside that are open to the public, an abundance of peaceful gardens, National Trails footpaths hundreds of miles long, and picturesque villages each with its own unique eccentricities, literally all over England.

Research and plan ahead of your trip and plan where you would like to go and what you would like to see and experience.

The following are some districts, towns, and places you might like to visit.


Some consider Bath the most idyllic of English towns. Bath is west of London and in the beautiful English countryside, Bath is an especially beautiful town. This is the location of the famous Roman Baths, which became popular because of natural hot springs in the area. The remains of the Roman baths are open to the public.

Oxford & Cambridge

These are separate towns but one cannot be discussed without the other, as the history of England is intertwined with the ancient universities of both of these towns. In fact, the two towns are sometimes referred to as «Oxbridge.» Oxford and Cambridge are incredibly beautiful towns that are so profoundly English and upper class that their importance and prestige would border on myth were it not fact.

Oxford is the older of the two towns and Oxford University is the oldest in Britain. Oxford University has 36 colleges and over 14,000 students. Oxford is a very small town that is also one of the major tourist destinations in Britain. This means it is often very crowded, so we do not consider driving a car in Oxford as a viable option. If you are arriving by car, there is a Park and Ride service with buses into the city centre that we recommend you use. Or bring bikes and bike around Oxford. Incidentally, if you attempt to rent a punt (boat) to go punting on the river, we recommend you do so only if you are a strong swimmer as learning to control a punt is incredibly difficult, but as all such things- it looks so easy.

Cambridge is a very pleasant town not far from Oxford. There are many things to see and do in Cambridge, but because it is a smaller in size, Cambridge is the best choice to visit during the school year, but if classes are out Oxford is boss.

Stonehenge & Avebury

Stonehenge is a famous prehistoric ritual site made up of a circular formation of enormous boulders. There are various theories on the origins of Stonehenge, but it is acknowledged that it served as an astronomical observatory and it had major religious significance. Visitors have come in increasing numbers over the years so to protect the site, it can only be observed at a distance, so don’t expect to be able to walk around the boulders.

Avebury is not far away and it is also a magnificent prehistoric site. Unlike Stonehenge, Avebury is still fully accessible to visitors. It is certainly worth a visit.


The farm fields and gentle rolling hills of the Cotswolds are an gorgeous area west of Oxford, east of Gloucester, and running north up to an area south of Birmingham, in southwest England. The Government has designated it as an ‘Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty’ (AONB). It is best to visit this unusually picturesque area off season. Should you visit during the warm months avoid the larger towns and you will not in any way lesson your experience. There is a National Trail called ‘The Cotswold Way’ which is a hiking footpath that runs for 102 miles (164 km) along the dramatic escarpment of the Cotswold Hills from Bath north and then parallel to Gloucester and then north through the countryside to the west of Cheltenham and then north to Chipping Campden. Several prehistoric sites are close to the trail and are worth visiting.

Glastonbury & Its Festival

Of interest to those with of a spiritual, New Age, NeoPagan, Traditional Craft, or Transitional Community orientation, Glastonbury, in Somerset, southwest England, is of special significance. If you are of like mind, you will find this small town an interesting place to visit. For some, it is a place of pilgrimage to experience its special energy-matrix, similar to that of Sedona, Arizona, with the convergence of energy lines, or lay lines, close to the town. Glastonbury also has its share of myths as it is thought by some as the possible location of King Arthur’s Isle of Avalon. In any event, it is certainly a unique place with interesting people.

Since the 1970’s, Glastonbury has been famous for its open-air performing arts festival, which actually takes place in the small town of Pilton, near Glastonbury. The Glastonbury Festival is a music festival that has drawn some of the leading pop and rock musicians, but there is also live theatre, comedy, and dance productions, a circus, a cabaret, and other arts. The Festival usually takes place in the latter part of June, but did not occur in 2012 due to the 2012 London Olympics. In 2011, tickets sold out within four hours of going on sale. You have to plan well ahead if you want to attend.

Cornwall’s Eden Project

Although Cornwall is itself an interesting county, of special interest is an astonishing place called the Eden Project. It consists of two incredibly enormous domes with secondary supporting domes that make up the world’s largest greenhouse. This is a green-conscious facility that is huge in size. If you arrive by foot, bike, or by public transportation, you will qualify for the «Green Discount» of £19.50 for admission. Although expensive, it is well-worth it.

Inside the first dome is a tropical rainforest environment and the second has a Mediterranean environment. Thousands upon thousands of plants and trees are carefully tended. You are able to follow a path through these domed environments. It is a pleasant and beautiful experience. It is located in the countryside 1¼ miles (2 km) from the town of St. Blazey and 3 miles (5 km) from St. Austell.

The Lake District

Another especially beautiful area are the mountains and serene lakes of The Lake District, also called ‘The Lakes’, in northwest England, that essentially is the national park of the same name. The pastoral mountain scenery of The Lakes is breathtaking with stunning views comparable with any you will find in Switzerland. The mountains with its natural lakes and beautiful rustic villages was the inspiration for some of England’s leading romantic poets of the 19th century including Wordsworth and Coleridge.


Manchester is an impressive city in the north of England that has transformed itself into a modern metropolis that has fully embraced the 21st century like few others in Europe. Many consider Manchester as the most dynamic city in England if not in Europe, and after London the most important city in England.

Manchester is a lively city with a very active nightlife, a lively fine arts scene, the place of a ‘musical revolution’, and has a considerable amount of modern architecture. It is clearly the city of the future and it is the only English city to carefully plan for orderly and planned residential expansion. It has been compared to Barcelona in its uniqueness and modernity. It is a wonderful place for a vacation, and it is cheaper, friendlier, and more pleasant than London– but that is a personal opinion. Manchester has five universities and a very active night scene.

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Top 5 Ways To Get Rid Of Belly Fat, Including Exercises

With the advances in technology these days, going to the office may be as easy as turning on the computer and logging on to a network. With the majority of white collar work already accessible through the internet and mobile systems, more and more people no longer find it necessary to get up from their couches in order to get things done. Although these tools help us from accomplishing our tasks more easily, it has also created a generation of people who live a sedentary lifestyle. This inactive lifestyle has led to a host of health-related problems.

A «pot belly», «beer belly», or «apple shaped» figure is most associated with an inactive lifestyle combined with overeating, and has been strongly correlated to the risk for cardiovascular diseases, such as hypertension and myocardial ischemia, as well as insulin resistance and diabetes mellitus. Recent studies have shown that reducing the amount of belly fat can significantly reduce the risk of acquiring these life-threatening diseases. Although there are numerous ways to reduce the amount of fat in the stomach area, the top five belly fat exercises and stomach-busting measures are enumerated and discussed herein.

1. Cardiovascular exercise.

There is no substitute for this old-fashioned activity. Sit-ups and crunches may make your abdominal muscles tighter but you have to get rid of the exterior flab first so that your abs will show. Researchers have found out that as little as a 20-minute daily cardiovascular exercise can do wonders to burn calories and melt away body fat. Jogging, running, cycling, swimming, aerobics, jumping rope, and even dancing can all do wonders to trim down not only that stubborn stomach area but most other body fat as well.

2. Strength-training sessions.

Once you have rid yourself of the surface fat, regular strengthening exercises can help you lose those remaining flab from your waist area. This is the part where targeted belly fat exercises come in. Abdominal crunches, stomach twisting, hip raise, leg lifts, air cycling, reverse crunches, and hanging leg raise are just some of the «spot exercises» that one can do to really define those abdominal muscles.

3. Learn to relax.

Scientists have recently studied the effects that stress has on body fat and has found a direct correlation between the two. Cortisol levels in the blood are found to be elevated when the body is exposed to stress and this then produces insulin resistance, causing a craving for fats and sugary food. Instead of worrying, why not try to read a book, listen to soothing music, or do yoga.

4. Refrain from cigarette smoking and excessive alcohol drinking.

Nicotine and alcohol are major stressors to the body, thus increasing hormone cortisol levels.

5. Low-carbohydrate, high-protein diet.

Carbohydrates are easily broken down to glucose which is the body’s major source of fuel. Because they are so easily digested, the body feels hungry again in only a short span of time. Proteins, on the other hand, are not easily processed and can thus provide more energy over a longer period, decreasing the need to constantly feed. It is also recommended to have a water intake of about 1.5 to 2 liters a day, and to have 5 servings of fruits and vegetables daily.

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Liverpool FC – The History Of The Badge And The Meaning Of The Crest

Liverpool Football Club are one of the most successful teams in English and European football history, and the club not only has massive support in England but also around the world, the club probably has many millions of fans. Liverpool were founded in 1892 and have won 18 League titles, seven FA Cups and famously, they are five times winners of the European Cup and Champions League, combined.

The club badge or crest, is the epitome of this famous club, and the badge on their shirt is often kissed by the players when celebrating a goal or a victory, as a sign of loyalty and love for the club. The badge has changed considerably since the formation of the club well over a hundred years ago, but today’s crest has much significance about the history and tradition of this famous football club.

The club badge is predominantly based on the city’s famous Liver Bird, which has represented the city for many centuries. The mythical bird, which many believe to have been derived from a cormorant, can be seen on the top of the clock towers on the Royal Liver Building, where two famous Liver birds sculptures dominate the building and overlook the River Mersey, and they date back to 1911. Many modern myths have evolved regarding the origin of the Liver bird, but it is widely accepted that they watch over and protect the people of Liverpool and myth dictates that should they ever leave, the river Mersey would burst its banks and flood the city.

The Liver bird dominates the centre of the Liverpool badge, which is placed inside a shield. The image of the Liver bird on the badge has a short head and curved beak, which is more usually associated with a bird of prey rather than a cormorant, but it retains the sprig of laver, a type of seaweed, in its mouth.

In 2008, Liverpool FC attempted to claim copyright for the Liver bird image, but they failed in their attempt as it was deemed that the Liver bird belonged to all the people of Liverpool and not one company or organisation. The Liver bird image is also used by several other organisations.

Above the shield is a representation of the famous Shankly Gates, which were erected outside the Anfield Stadium in 1982, as a tribute to Liverpool’s former and most famous manager Bill Shankly, who had led Liverpool from Second Division mediocrity, to win three League titles, two FA Cups and the UEFA Cup. Bill Shankly is regarded by most fans as the greatest Liverpool manager, by the way he transformed the club.

Across the top of the Shankly Gates, and portrayed in the badge, are the words You’ll Never Walk Alone, which is the title of the song by Gerry and the Pacemakers that has been adopted by Liverpool fans as the club’s anthem, this again stems during Shankly’s time as manager, and is still sung reverently by Liverpool fans today.

The twin flames either side of the shield are symbolic of the Hillsborough memorial outside Anfield, where an eternal flame burns in memory of the 96 Liverpool fans who tragically died in the Hillsborough disaster of 1989, when the fans were crushed due to overcrowding during Liverpool’s FA Cup semi final against Nottingham Forest, 766 fans were also injured in the disaster.

The date of the formation of the club is clearly displayed below the shield, and while the club crest has changed a number of times over the years, it symbolises some of the most important events in the history of the club, the badge is worn with honour and pride by both players and fans alike.

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A Short Biography of Soccer Player – Nicolas Anelka

Nicolas Anelka was born on 14 March 1979 in Versailles. He is a French soccer player who has the role in the field as a striker. For the national side of French, he is a regular starter. Carlo Ancelotti portrays Anelka as a fast player with good aerial aptitude, performance, shooting, ball movement.

Currently in club level Nicolas Anelka plays for Chelsea. Anelka developed to eminence as a productive goal-scorer for Arsenal, and has taken part for a lot of the great clubs across Europe.

Some clubs he has ever joined include Paris Saint-Germain in 1996-1997 and 2000-2002, Arsenal in 1997-1999, Real Madrid in 1999-2000, Liverpool in 2002 and Manchester City in 2002-2005. Afterward He has played for Fenerbahçe and then Chelsea.

At international level Nicolas Anelka has participated lots of times and got the win of his initial international honors with France team at Euro 2000. In the following year he won the Confederations Cup with the team. Anelka’s failure to stay at level of club restricted his international appearances; however he came back to the national side for the competition of Euro 2008.

However, Anelka is an outstanding soccer player and he got many honors and award. Some honors with the club include Arsenal (FA Premier League: 1997-98, FA Cup: 1998, FA Charity Shield: 1998), Real Madrid (UEFA Champions League: 2000), Paris Saint-Germain (UEFA Intertoto Cup: 2001), Fenerbahçe (Turkish Premier Super League: 2004-05), and Chelsea (FA Cup: 2009, FA Community Shield: 2009). For French team his honors are UEFA European Football Championship: 2000 and FIFA Confederations Cup: 2001. And some of his individual honors he achieved Premier League Player of the Month (February 1998, November 2008), PFA Team of the Year (1999, 2009), Barclays Golden Boot (2008-09), PFA Young Player of the Year (1999), and FA Cup Top Scorer (2009).

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