Authenticity and Exceptional Performance: The Story of Rowland Hill

In 1830 the world’s first inter-city passenger railway started in England, operating between Liverpool and Manchester. It signaled the advance of the new technology that would power the industrial economies of the nineteenth century. However, achieving significant change takes time. Letters would continue to be carried by horse-drawn Mail Coaches for many years, and the fee was usually paid by the recipient. It was an expensive service, and people could refuse to receive the mail. It required an outsider, Rowland Hill, to achieve change.

Rowland Hill (1795-1879) was a teacher and social reformer. He took the initiative in addressing the shortcomings of the old postal system. He proposed a new approach, which required a prepaid adhesive stamp that could be fixed to the letter. His suggestions were initially rejected, but he published a pamphlet to promote his ideas. Today, it could be a social media campaign. In Post Office Reform: Its Importance and Practicability, Volume 1 (1837) Hill notes in the Preface: It should be remembered, that in few departments have important reforms been affected by those trained up in practical familiarity with their details. The men to detect blemishes and defects are among those who have not, by long familiarity, been made insensible to them.

The report called for low and uniform rates according to weight, rather than distance. Opposition to Hill’s ideas was deep-rooted. The Postmaster denounced Hill’s «wild and visionary schemes.» The Secretary to the Post Office, said «this plan appears to be a preposterous one, utterly unsupported by facts and resting entirely on assumption». Looking back, we can see that this reflected ‘FELT Thinking’ and the #FELTDeficit characterized by an inability to shift mindset.

Hill saw that reform would enable poorer people to exchange letters and this would help finance the system. The appendix to his proposal highlighted two significant points:

* That cheap communication by post would afford highly important facilities to the collection and diffusion of information, and thus greatly accelerate the education of the people.

* That the present rates of postage, so far from the forwarding these facilities, constitute a serious tax on literature, creating obstacles, or involving expenses, in almost every stage of the progress of a literary work.

Hill’s proposals made sense to people in business. There was authenticity and integrity in his approach, which shaped by shared value.

His achievement is worth noting because it demonstrates the importance of positive, proactive behavior. He totally changed the Rules of the Game relating to postal systems. His story also demonstrates that perseverance is required to change outdated ideas anchored in old assumptions. It requires more energy to do something new, and there will always be vested interests supporting the status quo. However, Hill recognized that by reducing cost, it would be possible to increase volume and profitability, and this would then transform the underlying business model. The first adhesive, Penny Black stamp was issued 1 May 1840. His contribution was recognized in 1860 when he was knighted and became Sir Rowland Hill.

Puedes comprar todas las camisetas oficiales de fútbol en futbolmania, la tienda de las mejores Camisetas de fútbol – Devolución gratis. by David Sharpley

4 Reasons Individual Awards (UEFA "Ballon D’Or" and FIFA "The Best") in Football Should Be Scrapped

The Ballon d’Or is an award awarded by UEFA and France Football magazine while «The Best» is awarded by FIFA, the ethically-challenged arbiter of the world’s most popular sport. Although prestigious as it is degenerate, both awards are nothing more than tangible compliments paid by the writers and experts (confederations administrators, coaches, football team captains, fans etc.) whose opinions and votes were canvassed. Presently, both awards have become an egotistical first past the post as nobody embodies the toxic and political nature of both awards than the recipients of the past decade. The comparisons of football players across and within football leagues (for these awards) is a time-honed guilty pleasure for fans. Like most sports awards, fans will always root for their favorites – but unlike many others, it’s hard to make a statistical case that one player is more valuable than another. The point is, teams are like machines. One part, no matter how important, cannot function properly without the other. That makes the award merely a measure of prolific goal-scoring but as any manager will tell you, that is probably not enough to carry a successful football team. Comparisons among football players are essentially what makes trading cards, sticker albums and fantasy soccer so popular but there should be no place for it in an official capacity. And how can we improve on what we have at present? The basic truth is we can’t, unless the awards are discontinued due to the following reasons:

Football is a Team Sport: Debate on individual footballers among football fans is fun but in a team sport with so many leagues, such individuality is impossible to measure precisely. Football (as we all know) is a team sport where eleven men from two separate squad of players compete against each other for a trophy or in modern times, to get a paycheck at the end of it all. Every football team requires world-class (supremely talented) goal-keepers, defenders, midfielders and attackers to excel and win domestic [EPL, Serie A etc.], continental [CAF, UEFA Champions League] and inter-continental [FIFA Club World Cup] trophies. No player or position is dispensable or greater than the other as they must all work in unison to achieve a common goal. Most great attackers of today (and yesteryears) would probably make terrible defenders and goalkeepers and most great defenders and goalies might be terrible attackers and midfielders in the game. It feels wrong to constantly elevate a particular set of football players over their teammates because of their position on the field of play. Football games are worn ‘Firstly’, by goals scored by a team’s strikers, midfielders, defenders and ‘Secondly’, by (potential) opposition goals stopped by that same team’s defenders and goal-keeper. No player truly wins a game single handedly except he plays all positions simultaneously – being at his penalty box defending and punching away the opposition’s shots on goal and at the same time running of to score all kinds of goals in the opposition penalty area. Most FIFA and UEFA individual awardees perform brilliantly when their team’s passing and playing style suit them thus giving them freedom like no other side would. Most managers strive to fit 11 players into the best team rather than having to fit the best 11 players into a team. There is a reason why reputable managers around the world like Arsene Wenger and Jose Mourinho have categorically despised and blasted such individual awards in a team based sport.

Biased towards Attackers: Winners of FIFA and UEFA awards (presently and in the past) are (nearly) always players who play close to the opposition goal – such as strikers and attacking midfielders – enabling them to score hatful of goals while putting faith in their teammates (defenders and goalkeeper) to prevent the opposing team from scoring and winning the game. In football, it is widely known and accepted that attack win games but defense win titles and trophies. Very few defenders and goalkeepers are recognized for their output on the field of play and the dirty work they do (so that their attacking teammates in the opposition goal can get the ball to score.) It is quite disheartening that attackers are paid way better than defenders and goalkeepers. Goalkeepers are usually the least paid in a football team, even with the alarming level of scrutiny aimed at them, which begs the question why anyone would choose to be a goalkeeper. No one has really found a way to compare the value of goal keepers to outfield players – much to the detriment of goalies. Should a goal stopped by a goalkeeper be treated as equally to a goal scored by a striker? How much should quality defenders influence our judgement of a keeper – and how much should quality midfielders influence our judgement of a forward? There can be no denying the fact that some players do improve the overall quality and effectiveness of certain teams, but even in that case, such extraordinary players wouldn’t be able to win anything for their respective teams if, for example, the goal keeper spills every shot fired at him by the opposition. The beauty of modern football is such that every player (bar the goalkeeper) is minimally required to score goals anytime, anyhow and whenever it pleases him or (to some extent) his coach, which makes the fact that individual awards given only to offensive players does a lot of disservice to their teammates and the sport.

No specific Criteria in given out the Awards: There are no specific criteria in given out individual awards to players by UEFA and FIFA in football competitions played. Most fans, and administrators do not know which competitions – the national league (EPL, La Liga, Serie A) the continental leagues (UEFA Champions League – since all FIFA individual awardees are based in Europe) or international tournament (The FIFA World Cup) – players’ performances in are given top priority when nominees for the FIFA and UEFA individual awards are compiled. Although most nominees and awardees of such awards play for football teams that are either champions in their domestic leagues or champions in the UEFA Champions League or champions in the World Cup (in a world cup year) with their countries, some winners of such awards play for club-sides and countries that were not champions in domestic, continental and international tournaments. Lionel Messi won the Ballon d’Or in 2010/2011 (because he scored 91 goals in a year) without winning Spain’s La Liga or Champions League with Barcelona or the World Cup with Argentina beating other deserving players who won at least one of the aforementioned competitions.

Breeds Individualistic and Selfish Footballers: In pursuit of individual awards from FIFA, some players forego team work and effort, preferring to go solo on the field of play – to show off (as fans would say) – to the detriment of the squad. Such players do not care if the team is winning or losing a game as long as they are scoring goals, boosting their goal tallies and being in contention for awards by shooting for goal instead of passing the ball to a better positioned teammate, taking every set-piece – free kicks, penalties, corner kicks – awarded in a game even when they have poor records taking such set-piece. This creates instances where a player wins The Ballon d’Or or The Best Player of the Year Awards because he has the highest number of goals in the football season in addition to 5 or 6 man-of-the-match performances and a few awesome highlight reels of the season while his team ends that season trophy-less and second-best in competition finals.

In conclusion, if there must be individual awards (for whatever bizarre reason) then they should be based on objective criteria such as number of goals scored (best striker), number of saves (best goal-keeper) or number of tackles made (best defender) etc. Even that wouldn’t make much sense because, again, scoring a goal is about team effort. No one player can score a goal without the help of his teammates. And Yes, even the solo goals require team efforts. Therefore, it becomes unfathomable as to why football’s governing body, FIFA would hand out these awards which are destructive to the very nature of the sport it is supposed to regulate. FIFA should not be lending its name to a beauty pageant.

Comprar camisetas fútbol baratas para adultos y niños desde 15 € y camisetas oficiales de equipos de fútbol. Clica y Recoge GRATUITO en tienda. Camisetas futbol

The Importance of Volleyball Practice Drills

Champion volleyball players do not become as good as they are in an instant. It takes years of training hard to become good enough to compete at the professional level. Champions are winners because they have mastered the fundamentals,not because they dream up awesome plays. For this reason all coaches, players, officials, and students of the game need to give that 110% that’s needed to achieve the ultimate goal of success.

Volleyball practice drills include getting to the volleyball positions to receive the ball, the motions of a serve (this is mostly for overhand serving, but it can help teach it too). Practicing fundamentals should be progressive and can be progressed much further into details than the basics of setting or passing. At the top level, the skill drills look a whole lot different compared to junior level.

Some players may benefit from increasing their lean mass but even they should focus on converting much of their strength into soccer-specific power. One player stands at different spots and tries to «Swish» the Volleyball using a overhand set. Volleyball practice drills are easier if you have a partner throwing balls up at you from below the net. All exercises are geared specifically for a volleyball player, designed to make your athlete stronger, faster and jump higher without adding a lot of bulk to your athlete. You really need to make sure that you continue to get stronger, faster and jump higher!

Please notice it is never too late to learn proper fundamentals, which are the key becoming a successful volleyball player.Volleyball beginning Drills are a great way to improve every aspect of a player’s game. If you are training to reach the professional level or simply play in a recreational league, drills will help improve your game and improve your overall fitness.

Erreà Sport: Ropa Técnica Deportiva para hombre, mujer y niño. Descubre todos los artículos en venta en nuestra tienda online! Comprar Camisetas de Futbol

Your Scrapbooking Arsenal

This article explores some of the basic tools you need in your scrapbooking arsenal. Whether you’re new to scrapbooking or a scrapbooking guru, you need to have the basics in place when starting any scrapbooking project. As with any project, without the proper tools you’re cutting yourself short and limiting your ability to properly express your creativity.

The first tool in your scrapbook quiver is, of course, the album. That’s the «book» part of «scrapbook» and serves as the foundation of your project. You’ll want to consider the size of elements to be included in your scrapbook. Are you including photographs, newspaper clippings, full size 8.5″x11″ sheets of paper? Plan accordingly by using an album that will fit your needs. 8.5×11 and 12×12 are common sizes.

Just as your album is the foundation of your scrapbook, the foundation of each page is the cardstock. Usually you will want to use white or off white colors, but depending on your style and the content of your scrapbook, you can experiment with bolder or more vibrant colors. For a book about your baby growing up, you might want to use softer pinks or light blues, for example.

Because your memories are important, you want them to last a long time. Page protectors that fit the pages of your album will help keep the oils from your fingers from directly contacting the pages and keep everything protected for years to come. Additionally, if something ever falls off of one of your pages, it will be contained within the page protector for easy recovery and quick fixes.

It seems basic, but the next thing you need is a variety of papers. Make sure the paper you use is acid free. Beyond that, let your imagination run wild. The more colors you have, the better! For background elements, you will want subtle colors that make your elements stand out. For foreground elements, you will want bright colors that do the standing out. Don’t forget to also pick up some vellum – it will add depth to your pages and give you another element in your creative quiver.

Let’s talk adhesives. You’ll need something to stick your elements to the pages of your scrapbook. Whether it be tape, glue, or something else, make sure it is acid free and non-toxic. This is based mostly on personal preference. You may like using glue sticks while someone else might prefer tape or liquid glues. There are specialty products available such as glue dots (such as Hermafix Dots or Memory Book Glue Dots) that provide a super easy way to attach elements to a page and are designed especially for scrapbooking.

Experiment with the various options to find the one that work best for you and your style of scrapbooking.

A variety of pens, colored pencils, and markers are also essential. Prismacolor makes great markers. They are a bit more expensive, but they last a long time and produce the greatest quality. Again, experiment with different writing instruments to find what works best for you, your style, and the content of your scrapbooks.

Unless you have a table you enjoy cutting into, you will need a cutting mat (we’ll get to cutting tools in a minute). Look for a «self-healing» type as these will tend to last longer than the most basic mats. Not only will these protect your table or counter top, but most mat provide built in rulers and other references to help make cutting easy.

With everything in place, it’s time to start cutting. Cutting tools are an arsenal in and of themselves. Scissors might seem like the most basic tool, but there are considerations to be made as far as quality and comfort goes. Try out the different scissors at the craft store. Usually, the nicer the scissors, the easier they will cut and the longer they will last. Fiskars is a great brand that many scrapbookers swear by. You will also want an Exacto knife for intricate cuts and working with dies.

Speaking of dies, that is our last stop and the last piece of our toolset. Dies allow you to cut specific shapes out of paper, vellum, or whatever else very quickly and easily. There are a variety of types from small handheld single-shaped dies to larger electronic die cutters that can do an endless amount of shapes. Explore your local craft store for options.

One of the favorite die cut machines among scrapbookers is the Cricut Expression. Not only can it cut a huge variety of shapes for your scrapbooks, but it can also cut vinyl lettering for a huge variety of projects not just limited to scrapbooking. It even does glass etching. Some of the other electronic die cut machines do a good job as well, but most require being hooked up to a computer adding to their complexity. The Cricut is easy enough for a child to use, but versatile enough for a creative scrapbooker!

Camisetas de fútbol baratas Tienda online, Comprar Camiseta futbol precio más barato y envío rápido. En nuestra tienda de camisetas de futbol baratas. by Sam Garfield

Is Cultural Intelligence and Millennial Engagement Part of Your Leadership Arsenal?

In his book, The Science of Leadership: Lessons from Research for Organizational Leaders, Julian Barling (2014) asked a very profound question. «Do leaders matter? If so, in terms of what outcomes?» This discussion intrigued me. As I read the chapter, I contemplated, from an outcome perspective, how can organizational leaders continue to grow their leadership team, gain global influence, and maximize millennial contribution?

Based on training and research conducted at the McDonough School of Business at Georgetown University coupled with real-world experience, I propose two strategies. The first strategy alerts organizational leaders to cultural biases in global strategic planning. Lack of this awareness can invoke personal idiosyncrasies, create blinders, and prohibit productivity. The second strategy is critical to reducing the high millennial turnover rate in organizations.

1. Invest in Cultural Intelligence Awareness Training

Economic globalization is driving the need for leaders to understand multicultural differences in business operations. Since many businesses are establishing a global footprint, developing leaders with high cultural intelligence is a vital skill. Although there are many instruments available to aid in this training, I previously used the Globe Smart Five Dimensions of Culture Awareness Tool. By using this tool, I was better prepared to engage with a small management consulting firm in Cape Town, South Africa.

So, why is cultural awareness important in strategic planning? Several years ago, I worked with several countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). My team and I were responsible for developing security-cooperation engagement activities for these countries. Since the United States’ goal was to eliminate safe havens for terrorists, especially on the African continent, we wanted to build trust and influence with our African partners.

Imagine if we had approached this engagement with a US-centric only mentality. Our efforts in this region of the world would have failed. Because we could not afford to allow our cultural differences to disrupt productivity, we invested tremendous time and research studying these countries. Our cultural awareness training enhanced our ability to collaborate and engage effectively with these global partners.

2. Maximize Investment in Millennial Contribution

How is your company measuring its investment in its millennial workforce? Are you allowing talent to walk out the door? In The 2016 Deloitte Millennial Survey: Winning over the Next Generation of Leaders, researchers cited, «More than 44 percent of millennials are now in leadership positions, but most believe they are receiving little to no development in their roles… Millennials still feel left out; only 28 percent believe their organization is fully taking advantage of their skills» (p.6).

As the host of a local television show titled, Leadership Table Talk, I recently interviewed several millennials regarding their perspective on leadership development in technology-driven organizations. Having spent over 35 years in the telecommunications and information systems technology business in both the military, government, and corporate America, I was curious about their perspective. The prevailing narrative from these interviews was «we just want a chance to contribute to the overall success of the organization.» What can we derive from this feedback? I purport that if organizations fail to engage effectively the talents of their millennial workforce, turnover rates will not decrease but increase – at an alarming rate.

In summary, economic globalization continues to drive corporate engagement with other countries. By developing a cultural intelligence awareness-training program, organizations can grow their leadership teams and global influence. Likewise, by strategically engaging the millennial workforce, organizations can maximize their productivity, and retain their expertise.

comprar camisetas futbol spain y selecciones nacionales y todos los clubs para hombre,mujer y niños,Camisetas de fútbol en camisetafutboles.com. by Mary M Gillam, Ph.D

Scenario of Indian Sports Arena

Sports are essential part of a healthy daily routine. Sports do not only exercise the body muscles, but also deliver freshness and keep active. India has a great sporting history as there are many sports like Kabaddi, Wrestling, and Swimming etc., which are the important elements of Indian culture. Basically sports are of two types – indoor and outdoor. Indoor sports include the games like Billiards, Chess, etc whether the outdoor games have Cricket, Football, and Wrestling etc. In ancient time the people of India had many interesting sports for their entertainment and refreshment, especially outdoor sports. In fact, some sports have their origin in the roots of Indian culture like Kabaddi, Kho-Kho, and boat racing etc.

In present Indian sports scenario, Cricket is the most prominent sport in which India has an excellent track record. Football is another popular game in some parts of India, but Cricket has more popularity among the Indians. There are some world level sporting events in India, but most of them are devoted to Cricket. Also there are events for other games like Hockey Premier League. India has hosted many international sporting events as Hockey World Cup, Asian Games, and Commonwealth Table Tennis Championship in the past.

Apart from Cricket, Indians have delivered some excellent knocks in International sports. Indians have won many medals in Commonwealth and Asian games. In fact, Indians are the world champions in the games like Chess, Billiards etc. They were also the world Hockey champions for many times in the past. In tennis and shuttling there are some brilliant talents in India. Currently Delhi is going to host its first Commonwealth games in 2010. Indian Premier League is a well known sporting event in India, which is among the most successful domestic events in international level.

Many sporting authorities are working towards the wellness of the sports in India. Sporting bodies get aids from the government of India for developing the infrastructure and nurturing the growing talent. India has some world level stadiums like Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Major Dhyanchand stadiums etc. which have standard facilities world sports persons. These bodies are supposed to arrange the basic requirements for their concerned sports. Some legendary sports persons from India made a great impact on world stage. Major Dyanchand from hockey, Sachin Tendulkar from cricket, Pulela Gopichand from shuttling, Abhinav Bindra from shooting, Geet Sethi and Pankaj Advani from Billiards, V Anand from chess are among some of the sports persons who left a grand impact in international sports arena.

As India has some world level athletes and sports persons, they are very few as compared to other countries and population of India. Sporting authorities should concentrate on developing new talent from the roots. More sporting events should be organized to promote the sports in low levels. Sports persons have to move towards big cities for better facilities, since in there is the lack of basic requirements in towns. Still Indians have to prove their capabilities in Olympics, the greatest sporting event in international scenario. Indians have won very few personal medals in Olympics. Lack of basic requirements, fundamental facilities and promotional sporting events in root level are the main reasons behind the failure of Indian athletes in the big events like Olympics.

CAMISETA DE BRASIL BARATA Comprar camisetas fútbol baratas para adultos y niños desde 15 € y camisetas oficiales de equipos de fútbol. Clica y Recoge GRATUITO en tienda.

The English Premier League Promotion and Relegation System

The concept of promotion and relegation in English soccer is a difficult one for most American sports fans to grasp immediately. In major American sport leagues, if for instance the Washington Nationals have an awful year where they only win 40 games, they'll be right back next year playing the likes of the New York Mets and Philadelphia Phillies. That is not the case in the English soccer 'pyramid', where the different levels of soccer are directly connected through a series of promotions and relegations.

To talk specifically about the English Premier League, at the end of each season the bottom three teams are relegated down to the next tier of English soccer, which is called the Championship. The EPL is a 20-team league, so each team plays the other 19 teams twice. At the end of that 38 game schedule, the teams in places 18, 19 and 20 are automatically sent down to the Championship for the next season. That means a team like Portsmouth, who is likely to be relegated this 2009-2010 season, could go from playing Arsenal, Manchester United, and Chelsea one season to playing Watford, Bristol City and Blackpool the next. That's quite a huge difference and it's one of the main reasons why the relegation battle is often more compelling than the battle for the Premier League Champion. These teams are in some cases fighting for the survival of their club as well, as the Premier League television compensation is vastly superior to that of the Championship.

Promotion from the Championship is quite similar in concept. In the 24-team Championship, each team plays the others twice, and at the end of those 46 games, the top two teams are automatically promoted to the Premier League. Teams in places 3-6 then contest a playoff where the winner is awarded the third promotion place to the Premier League. So it's simply three teams relegated and three teams promoted each season. With some slight variation, this type of promotion and relegation exists throughout the entire English soccer pyramid, many levels below the Premier League. It really adds to the allure of the sport that a team can literally rise from a local club to one day play against Manchester United at Old Trafford in the Premier League.

comprar camisetas futbol spain y selecciones nacionales y todos los clubs para hombre,mujer y niños,Camisetas de fútbol en camisetafutboles.com. by Brad J. Barrett

The End of Pre Season As We Know It

When I was young I remember seeing pre season as a chance to watch my team shape up against the greatest side’s featuring the greatest players in the land. Supporting a lower league team (now sadly a non-league team) the opportunities to watch this calibre of player were few and far between, perhaps the odd run in a cup competition would lead to a draw against a top flight powerhouse, however there was more chance of spotting top players in the annual run of pre season games. The top sides warmed up for their season by trying out new players and new systems, as well as blooding youngsters and bringing established players back to full fitness against lower league opposition from within their shores. Not only were their the above mentioned benefits to the top clubs, but in addition the benefits to the lower league clubs was perhaps immeasurable, a chance for lesser players to perform against the best, also an opportunity for fans to watch top draw football as their hype for the new season grows amongst blind loyalty. I remember only too well the thoughts of «This is going to be our year, we looked against Manchester united for the last half hour» and «If we play like that every week we will walk this league, we created Liverpool some genuine problems today»

Sadly this pre season paints a different picture. Tonight Blue Square Premier leagues side Wrexham advertise a match against «a Liverpool XI», the giveaway as to the standard of team on show is in the naming of the «Liverpool XI» it is highly likely that this will be a scratch side made up of promising youngsters and foreign trialists, possibly none of which will be known names to the local crowd. The star studded Liverpool first team including Gerrard, Carragher, Torres and Cole is in Austria for their pre season training camp and early practice matches. Meanwhile with Manchester United having a similar trip in the United States and foreign ventures for Arsenal, Chelsea and Manchester City among others it is clear that the direction of pre season for the top sides is to look abroad and not at home.

So why have the Premier League’s finest taken this approach to such an important part of their season preparations? Some may point to the benefits of training in warmer foreign climates, even at Altitude in some cases. Other muted benefits are the team morale gained by taking a squad away together so they are forced to live and entertain together not simply train together then go home. Surely the biggest benefit is financial. The popularity of the English Premier League all around the year is immense and the traditional pre season exhibition games all over Asia have proved economically rewarding to the top sides with big match fees being coupled with sales of club merchandise to the many fans of the game. Whilst current pre season schedules is a natural step for the modern game I can’t help missing the old style of pre season which pitched the top English sides against those in the lower leagues and gave us fans a chance to dream of what might be in the season ahead.

Echa un vistazo a nuestra variedad de Camisetas de fútbol. Camisetas de entreno y partido de clubes nacionales y selecciones internacionales. by Adrian Bryan