Spring Heeled Jack A Vampire?

Spring Heeled Jack was a leaping, bounding superman with claimed recorded sightings as early as 1837 in Southwest London. He has been described as wearing a kind of helmet and a tight fitting white costume like an oilskin. It’s said he can breath blue and white flames and has hands like great claws. His hands are said to be «as cold of that as a corpse». Confirmed sightings of him occurred in 1838 by a young woman named Jane Alsop on a London backstreet and persisted for more than 60 years in the London area until around 1904.

Jack has been reported as being able to jump from cobblestones to rooftop and back with ease. In 1877 he was shot at with no apparent affect by angry townspeople. The description of Spring Heeled Jack rarely changed over the years until his last official recorded sighting. Other sights of Jack appeared in Liverpool, Sheffield, all over England to the Midlands and Scotland. There are recent recorded sightings of him as late at 1953 in Houston, Texas to 1986 on the Welch border.

With Jack clear in your mind, it’s time to slightly change the modern perception of what a vampire is and how it should look. The FVZA website gives us details about vampires that more resemble the being in the movie Nosferatu than recent modern interpretations. The FVZA, or Federal Vampire & Zombie Agency (1868-1975), was «responsible for controlling the nation’s vampire and zombie populations while overseeing research into the undead.» Officially created in 1838 by President Ulysses S. Grant it went undercover shortly after, but was eventually disbanded due to a controlled vampire and zombie population. They studied the virus that causes one to become a vampire and how it affects a human turning. What’s interesting is not only what is the same to our modern lore but also what’s different.

The FVZA informs us that vampires have pale yellow skin, eventually showing veins. Their ligaments and tendons thicken to support a stronger bone structure as well giving them extraordinary strength and quickness. Blood is also pumped through their skeletal system instead of their blood veins making their heart deteriorate from lack of use. They can handle trauma that may kill a normal human and their strength increases to about three times what the turned human’s strength originally was. Their DNA is also altered to fight off the the wear that usually affects human DNA giving them longer life expectancy.

So is Spring Heeled Jack a vampire?

He possesses some of the characteristics known to vampires. Increased strength can account for his ability to leap large fences and to the tops of buildings with no effort. His tight fitting costume may, in fact, be the skin discoloration of becoming a vampire. Some sightings at night would also account for some confusion if he was wearing some sort of suit or if the skin color was incorrectly mistaken for something worn over it. Jack’s resistance to being fired upon also supports the reworking of the vampire nervous system to survive and be unaffected by things conventionally deadly to humans. The cold touch of Jack’s hand is easily figured by the lower body temperature (60 degrees) of a vampire.

The stories of him breathing flames has no parallel to any known paranormal entity and sources never cite vampires as having that ability, however, if Jack was a vampire use of some tricks would not be unknown to him having been a human prior. He is not known to have killed, but it’s likely police forces during this time period may not have known what to make of a Spring Heeled Jack crime scene if they found one. The best examples of what a modern vampire killing would look like actually appear in the Jack the Ripper cases in London only a year or so after the last accepted sighting of him in London. Their sightings and accounts overlap in interesting areas while happening in the same location, if in seemingly different parts of town.

The modern vampire lore may need to be reworked as our understanding of DNA and viruses increases. With a more open-minded society the Spring Heeled Jack incidents may have been and open and shut case to his nature, though no one succeeded in capturing him.

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Living in The Gambia

SUMMARY

I enjoy traveling around West Africa, especially around culturally rich regions blending nature with modern infrastructural developments. Both my air and road travels around this ECOWAS subregion in the last 15 years has been both instructive and enriching for me. I have been culturally immersed with diversity in languages, religion, culture, food, architecture, climate, economic life, flora and fauna.

The knowledge acquired, cannot be quantified in monetary terms, and i will recommend this educational tours to our youths to enable them appreciate and tolerate other cultures, thus reducing conflicts and disputes among neighboring countries. Somewhere else, i have written and held several seminars on working and living in Ghana about 11 years ago.

Today, the success story of Ghana is evident to all and this country Ghana, has emerged as one of the best economies in the subregion. Again, i am introducing another emerging great economy to you, The Gambia.

Before the whole world flood here, and you’ll be left out, why not take my advise seriously and invest, work, live or holiday in this beautiful country to experience what I’m talking about? I love this peaceful country blessed with hospitable people. Gambians welcome you with natural inspiring smiles. The Gambia is bounded round by an historical river, rich in natural resources of sea foods, animals and healing powers. Welcome to The Gambia, the smiling coast of West Africa.

From the natural beauty of Makasutu Village, historical sites of Kunta Kinteh village, James Island, Kachikally Crocodile pool, Kanilai Farm, and so many other sites to the beaches and people, you will hardly want to leave. Little wonder, there are so many repeat tourists coming to The Gambia for the past 10-15 years that I’ve met. They come from all over Europe, Americas, Asia and Africa. At the beach, the beauty of the Sea, the sand and sun will remind you of Mother Africa.

How about the investment climate, very favorable and investor friendly.With a stable economy with a single digit inflation rate and currency exchange of US$1.0= GMD26 (As at 9th April, 2010). The Gambia is a multicultural country with a lot of immigrants from West Africa, Europe, America, Middle East and Asia permanently living as investors, working with several NGOs, some retired investors while many others are engaged in importation businesses and owned several shopping malls.The Gambia is home to investors, volunteers, professionals pursuing their career, and holiday makers who has made this peaceful country their destination. Welcome to The Gambia, where there is no discrimination based on religion, creed, color, race, gender, social status, disability and with zero tolerance to corruption. Read on! Alsamadeh!

MARKET

The major markets are in Banjul, Serrekunda and Brikama. Here, you can shop for staple foods like fish, meat, vegetables, clothings, jeweleries and fashion accessories. The locals welcome people with natural smiles after exchanging the religious greetings: «Asalamalekun», meaning, peace be unto you. Traditionally, Gambian women go to market daily to buy what to cook.They can be seen with the plastic baskets with holders thronging to the busy markets to shop for fresh fish, meat, vegetables and take time to greet each other asking after each others’ families, relations and get updated about current social events and other women gossips. Some of the elites, however, prefer to shop in shopping malls around Kairaba Avenue, and buy foods in large quantities to store at home.

Mini-markets, or what some call supermarkets are all over the Greater Banjul area competing with the traditional markets. There are also the neighborhood shops, called «Fulah Shops», owned mostly by Mauritanian citizens and in some cases by Guineans. This is the place to get the locally made bread called, «Tapalapa». This is usually a long banana shaped clay oven baked bread that is usually transported on bicycles by the suppliers early in the morning, mid-day and sunset time. I prefer buying this, when fresh, it’s soft and more appealing than the stale hardened and uninviting ones. A full one goes for D5 and the half is D2.50. The bread is usually sold with a nice spread of butter, mayonnaises, egg, potato and spiced with jumbo or Maggi sauce depending on the buyer’s preferences.

There is also «Senfu», which has a crumb nature and much cheaper, being sold for D3 for a full roll. However, i noticed the «Senfu» is not as filling as the «Tapalapa» that can keep me going for the whole day, like a bowl of «Fufu», which is the energiser for most Nigerians, Ghanaians and Sierra- Leoneans in The Gambia. The local «Fufu» unlike the ones found in Ghana and Nigeria are made from «Saddam Rice», as it is called locally, by milling it into powder and cooked into a solid paste in a pot. The most popular lunch meal, among Gambians, is the jollof rice, locally referred to as » Benechin». Different types of stew are prepared to eat the rice meal like»Plasas», «Super ganja», «Damoda»,etc. I enjoy the Gambia breakfast meal of «Thura Girthe», which is very rich in protein. This is a mixture of well pounded rice cooked with milled groundnut and eaten with a spread of yogurt «Sour Milk».

Gambians eat together. Small groups of between 5-8 people are usually seen eating from the same bowl, and yet, when a visitor appears, he or she is beakoned to still join them and share out of it. This is the true love, i’m yet to see anywhere. If you think there is no free meal anywhere, you’re wrong; come to The Gambia! This explain the reason for very low or non-existent crime rate. At least, a lunch meal is guaranteed for anyone living in The Gambia. Food is shared, no one goes home hungry. The women also waste a lot of food by always preparing a lot expecting visitors to join them when serving their meals. They package the rice meals in large wide bowls with a cover and wrap it in a traditional manner with cloth, that will secure the food from spilling and carry to their husbands at their respective working places for them to eat with colleagues. Sometimes, they go travel long distances, to deliver the foods, like a family living in Lamin and the husband working in Serrekunda.

WORK HOURS

The official working hours is 8am- 4pm from Monday to Thursday. Friday is half day. Most of Gambians are Muslims, and they go for the Friday Special prayers in the afternoon. Although, the «African time» concept is still prevalent among the people, this is common with the government workers, the private sector is better. Most serious business appointments start from 9am, even though, they are scheduled for 8am.

The major reason sometimes for arriving at work late, can be as a result of unavailability of commercial vehicles to transport workers to their respective places of work. Even, at places of work, Gambians do not forget to take their Chinese herbal tea called » Atire».

GAME OF FOOTBALL

A first time visitor, to The Gambia will think the game of football has it’s origin from here, because of the love and passion attached to this game. There are quite a number of playgrounds that are never kept idle because of the teeming youths that religiously train and play daily matches, especially in the evenings after work or school. Similarly, on weekends, first thing in the morning, you will notice everyone exercising or playing the game they love most; football.

The discussions of most of these youths that constitute half of the country’s population is centered on the European matches. Teams like Manchester United, Chelsea, Manchester City, Arsenal, Barcelona, Real Madrid, AC Milan and other big teams have passionate fans in The Gambia.

There are many Football Viewing centers that are making a fortune showing the live matches to most Gambian. Although, some of these youths might not know the capital of Nigeria, they often tell me it’s Lagos, but they certainly know all the European Club Managers, first line ups and transfers of these key players, not to talk about the latest scores in the premiership or championship.

The Gambia’s national team, called the «Scorpion» is adored and you dare not say anything bad against this team in order not to incur the wrath of my football lovers. A loss in game when «Scorpions» play, will turn the entire country into a grave yard, «a mourning period». But with a win; the Brazilian samba dancers will envy the dance steps of both the young boys and girls singing: «ho, ho ho ho, ha,ha,ha,ha..haleyomii». Therefore, to make friends with Gambians is so easy, just pick up a football topic!

BEACHES

The climatic conditions of The Gambia is slightly different from other ECOWAS countries. There is only one cycle of rainfall which starts around June and ends around October. It is usually hot during the raining periods, unlike other countries that experience cold periods.

The Hamattan period starts from November to February. However, the weather experiences erratic changes sometimes. The beaches are clean and provide succor to visiting tourists that want to experience the beauty of the sun, the sea and the sand of The Gambia.

There are several beaches to visit. From Banjul beach to Palma Rima, Senegambia and up to Sanyang. There are so many private beaches along this line. Most white tourists called «Toubabs» are usually welcome at these beaches that have attractive traditional bars with natural juice, canned drinks, barbecue and special packages for visitors.

The menace of «bumsters» have been curtailed and there are tourist police patrolling most of the busy beaches to deter the «unsolicited friends». The beaches are besieged by almost all Gambians during festive periods or during major musical concerts or shows.

FESTIVE PERIODS

A visitor arriving The Gambia around Easter or Christmas will think all Gambians are Christians, with the celebration and partying. Similarly, around the Muslim festivals of «Koriteh or Tobaski» will give one the impression that there is no single Christian in town.

This is the beauty and diversity of the Gambian hospitality and tolerance of other religions in The Gambia. The people enjoy good music. The local artists are adored, some of whom are Jalibah Kuyateh, Titi Kololi, Freakie Joe, Asan Njie, Olugander and Sambou to mention a few.

The women, both young and old, enjoy dancing. The very physical dances of jumping and kicking the air is common and i often wonder where the women get the extra energy and strength from. Some young men that are not used to these dances, dare not challenge these women in a dancing competition, if they do not want to be hospitalized.

The entertainment industry is therefore very vibrant. Most people relax by watching Nigerian, Senegalese and Ghanaian home videos. There are several video rental shops to pick the latest Nigerian films from. Most of the banks and hotels show foreign channels like DSTV, CNN, AlJAZEERA, EUROSPORT etc.

PAID WORK IN THE GAMBIA

Except for ECOWAS nationals, that are allowed to work freely in some key government sectors like Education and Judiciary, other nationals are only allowed to work as expatriate and have to go through a scrutiny and get approval from the immigration department, before they can be permitted to work with the government.

However, investors are allowed to bring in their work force, provided they abide by the immigration laws of obtaining a work/residential permit. Openings exist all year round for qualified teachers in Senior secondary schools all over the country.

Most of the vacancies are usually filled by Nigerians, Ghanaians, Senegalese, Sierra-Leoneans, Liberians and a handful of other ECOWAS nationals. Openings also exist for lecturers in University of The Gambia, several professional training institutes and other tertiary institutes like Management Development Institute (MDI), Gambia College and Gambia Technical Training Institute (G.T.T.I).

Although, the private institutes remuneration is higher than the government pay scale. Most of the secondary schools in the provinces are in need of teachers, most teachers rather prefer to transfer to the urban cities leaving the rural villages without qualified teaching force.

Government subsidized schools remuneration package for non-Gambian teachers are between D3,500-D4,000 per shift (Morning or afternoon) depending on the entry level experience and qualification. The private schools pay between D4,500-D10,000, depending on the school and experience of the teacher.

Most schools prefer teachers that have gathered «Gambian experience», meaning, they must have taught in The Gambia for some years to understand the system. Combining both shifts means more income. Most government schools prefer to pay full salary for the morning shift and half salary for the afternoon shift. There are other several opportunities of income earning, by organizing study classes for the students after close of school by some teachers. Most teachers often change school to those paying more, and every term witnesses a mass drift of teachers around.

The coveted schools are: Marina International, SBEC, Zenith, SOS, Scanaid and West African International. Linguistics and sciences are the preferred subjects often in high demand. English language, English Literature, Mathematics, Further Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Agric Science, Applied Electricity etc, are «hot cake» subjects for most schools.

ECOWAS qualified teachers (M.Sc, B.Sc & HND holders in the subjects listed above) are usually being employed in secondary schools in The Gambia.

Other professionals needed to work in the private sectors are:

1. Lawyers with LL.b degree that have successfully completed Law school and called to Bar to work as

Magistrates/Judges with the Ministry of Justice.

2. Professional Graphic & Website Designers.

3. Professional Advertisers.

4. Desktop & Laptop Repair Technicians.

5. Automobile Technicians.

6. Theater Arts & Dramatic artists.

7. Film Directors & Producers.

8. Professional Actors & Actresses.

9. Radio & T.V Programme Presenters.

10. Fish Breeding & Farming

11. Aquarium Making & Gold Fish Rearing.

12. Leadership Development Trainers.

13. Trainers in unique skills & vocations.

14. Cottage Industry set-up trainers ( Body creams, soaps, cartons, shoe polish etc.)

The financial industry has witnessed a phenomenal growth with addition of more banks joining the league recently, bringing the total number of banks to fourteen in The Gambia. Most of these Nigerian banks are opening up branches and will need more staff.

Although, it is far cheaper to hire the locals than expatriate by the banks, because of the special tax paid for not hiring Gambians. The same rule applies to the Hotel and Tourism industry. The Non Governmental Organizations, NGOs are allowed to bring in their personnel.

Volunteers are also welcome in The Gambia. Volunteers can have a cultural immersion and gain international experience in this peaceful country. For holiday makers, i will recommend visiting this small but unique country for those in search of a Peaceful, Affordable and Memorable African Retreat (PAMAR!)

INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES

1. ECOWAS CITIZENS

The government welcome investment in all sectors, special attention is, however, given to Agriculture because of the importance of food security to any nation. Other sectors like Real Estate & Properties, Mining Industry, Hotel & Tourism, Health, Education, Manufacturing and Agro- allied Sectors are key areas to go into and get government incentive, in tax relief and total support.

ECOWAS citizens enjoy free movement of persons and goods within the 16 countries block, the required capital needed to re-locate to the Gambia to work, live, invest or holiday is far less than what is required to settle down in other ECOWAS countries. With the electricity tariffs coming down (thanks to the government initiative), NAWEC, the electricity company is doing her best to guarantee stable supply of electricity and many businesses solely rely on this stable electricity supply.

Incidences of armed robbery attack are very rare. I have not noticed or witness or hear about armed robbery attacks in the last six years. I only read in one of the newspapers, one or two times, about such attacks in the provinces some few years ago. People move about without fear of molestation or attack. Petty mobile phone theft are usually common.

The residential houses are affordable, and rents of one to three months advance payments, are demanded. The people are warm and hospitable. For as little as D500 per month, a room can be rented around the busy areas like Brikama, Latrikunda, Lamin,Tabokoto, Wellingara and Coastal road areas.

The 2-bed room apartments with all the conveniences goes for between D1,500-D2,500 per month in these areas depending on the finished taste and proximity to the busy highways. ECOWAS citizens can enter and settle in the country with opportunities to start small businesses.

For these wise residents in the country, there are several businesses to choose from and do effortlessly in this investment friendly country. Anyone coming to The Gambia for the first time, must first of all plan and prepare, knowing what to do and where to stay and having adequate information about the culture and business climate.

2. WORLDWIDE INVESTORS ( MEDIUM/ LARGE SCALE BUSINESSES)

The specific areas, wise investors, can rush into to invest presently, from our detailed research findings are:

A) Setting up a private University with residential campus to attract all ECOWAS citizens.

B) Eateries like MacDonald’s, Chicken George, Mr. Briggs, Sweet Sensation, Tantalizers, TFC, etc

C) Botanical Garden/ Love Garden around the Tourist areas.

D) Building low Cost Homes to be sold or rented out to people.

E) Ground nut processing factory.

F) Feed Mill for Poultry, Rabbitry and Turkey Production.

G) Cashew Processing Factory (CNS Oil, brake oil, glue, rubber,electrical wires etc).

H) Natural Juice canning factory ( Fruits like mangoes, orange, lime etc abound).

I) Fresh Flower production and export.

J) Fish Canning/ Food packaging for export.

There are other 90 businesses we have surveyed to be potential instant money earners for wise investors to take on. Kindly request for a detailed project profile on this. The Gambia Investment Promotion and Free Zones Agency, (GIPFZA) welcome investors with unique offers of tax relief, government support and non-bureaucratic processing of necessary documents to allow for quick set-up and investment in The Gambia.

To have a fair idea of the business climate, i recommend that all potential investors read the latest business directory (The Gambia Business Directory).

INFRASTRUCTURAL DEVELOPMENT & BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT

The Gambia, though small, but has a robust economy with fourteen commercial banks, four GSM companies, a good number of airlines plying the subregion and the outside world. There are more than five daily newspapers, around eight radio stations and many hotels of international standards including the 5-star Sheraton Hotel.

The major roads from the airport to most busy commercial centers like Kairaba, Brufut, West Field, Senegambia, Brikama, Latrikunda and Banjul are all tarred with well lighted street lights. Clean, fresh and treated pipe borne water is available to most homes 24hrs uninterrupted.

Communication and internet services are quite cheaper than most other countries. The cost of starting a business in The Gambia is far cheaper both in the short term and long term. The real estate business is enjoying a great boom with 30% return yearly on investments, and the Meltdown phenomenon is not easily noticeable in The Gambia.

The Gambia is a tourist destination and repeated visitors are common in this wonderful and peace loving smiling coast of The Gambia. Although, The Gambia is a tax based economy, the government makes substantial earnings from Tourism and exportation of agricultural commodities like Groundnut, Fishes, Cotton and solid minerals.

It is mandatory for every resident to have a TIN number(Tax Identification Number) before a bank account can be opened. New buildings are coming up daily and it is common sight,to see most of the property owners advertising their phone contacts for those interested in renting or leasing these properties from high rise buildings in Senegambia axis, Kairaba, Fajara, West Field, Tallinding, Tabokoto, Abuko, Lamin, Yundum etc.

Gambians in diaspora are rushing home to invest in this high yielding property sector. A visitor that last visited the country a year ago, will notice a remarkable difference in this infrastructural developments. The Gambia is a clean country, especially with the introduction of the monthly cleaning exercises, called «SETSETAL», which is a special cleaning day for everybody on the last Saturday of the month between the hours of 8-1pm and thereafter there is free movement.

Municipal officials go around to ensure the wastes are properly disposed and ensure compliance to the law, that all shops and businesses most be closed and no movement of commercial vehicles, until the end of the cleaning exercise.

Health wise, it is safe to live in The Gambia, because the health delivery system is very efficient and well equipped with the best medical personnel in The world. There are various health centers, well spread around the country with ambulances standing by to quickly evacuate emergencies to Royal Victoria Teaching Hospital, RVTH, Banjul where complicated cases are usually taken.

Visitors coming for the first time, therefore, are advised to take the appropriate vaccinations recommended. ECOWAS citizens must take vaccinations against yellow fever, meningitis, Polio etc and ensure these are stamped on their Yellow Card, this is even taken more seriously, when traveling by road through Benin, Togo, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Mali and Senegal to The Gambia. Not having a valid Yellow Card could cost you a fortune in fines you’ll be asked to Pay!

Medical services is free to Gambians, except the registration card which is D5 only. ECOWAS citizens are, however, required to pay for cost of treatment and hospitalization, depending on the treatment. Tourist visiting The Gambia are advised to have a Travel Insurance when visiting

Transportation within the country is affordable. Moving from one location to another is quite easy. There are three categories of commercial road transportation. One, is the commercial Bus, that only allow maximum of three passengers on a row which is convenient, unlike four on a row in several other countries. This type of buses go around the major destinations like Banjul to Serrekunda (D6), Banjul to Tabokoto (D10), Banjul to Brikama (D15), Serrekunda to Senegambia (D5) etc.

The second category is the yellow and green painted taxis that take people for D5 a drop or chartered services for most tourists and locals, called «Town Trip». The last category, are the green painted and branded «Tourist Taxis» for tourists from and to the airport, hotel areas, most beaches and historical sites for new visitors. They are more expensive than the yellow painted ones.

Except when it is very important, first time visitors are, however, encouraged to avoid going out around the rush hours, like 7-8am and 4-6pm, especially when commuters are going to or returning from work. From Tabokoto, Lamin, West field, Serrekunda and Brikama in the morning to Banjul and returning back home in the evening is always very hectic and expensive to take a taxi. The bus-stops are usually congested and the traffic chaotic around these periods.

There are many well organized tour operators with luxurious air conditioned buses to pick from and to the airport all visitors and tourist that arrange their visits through them. They also partner with most hotels on tours to historical sites and around the cities.

There area ferry services available to transport people across the River Gambia. From Barra to Banjul is D25 only. Visitors can come in to the country either by land through The Gambian border with Senegal at Hamdallah, or from Guinea and Cassamace, Senegal through Basse. By air is through the only airport at Yundum. The Banjul International Airport, one of the best in the subregion with the longest run-way and modern radial facilities installed.

The airport is not always busy and travelers should always inform someone to pick them at the airport, especially during the weekends when commercial activities are low. However, tourist taxis are available at any time for between D500-D800 depending on the distance, usually between 15-30km from the airport.

There is a Bureau de Change at the airport to change money from other currencies like Euro, dollars, pounds and CFA to Dalaisi. For Visa Card carriers, there is ECO Bank ATM at the airport. Bank PHB and Trust bank also have their ATMs at the airport.

On arrival in the country, when you hear «Nagadef?», meaning how are you, just answer «Jamarek», meaning i’m fine. After a hand shake, say «Jerejef», meaning thank you.

Jerejef, Jarama, Baraka (meaning thank you in 3 different local languages).

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Proper Glucose Control is Key in Prevention of Vision Problems For Diabetics

Diabetes is one of the leading causes of blindness in the United States. It is estimated that more than 14 million Americans have some form of diabetes. Public health officials expect that by 2050, there will be more than 48 million diagnosed cases in the United States.

Diabetes is caused when the pancreas either does not produce enough insulin or is unable to process insulin correctly. The disease poses numerous complications for the eyes, including fluctuations with eyeglass or contact lens prescriptions; cataracts at a younger age; increased risk of developing glaucoma; and diabetic retinopathy, which is the most serious risk.

The retina is the wall-like structure that lines the back of the eye; it is made up of light-sensitive tissue and a network of blood vessels. In cases of diabetes, the blood vessels of the retina can begin to leak fluid, blood, or cholesterol deposits on the retina. It is also possible that abnormal blood vessels will form and can cause serious bleeding and scarring of the retina.

Diabetic retinopathy frequently has no accompanying symptoms until it is advanced, at which point it is more difficult to treat.

The effects of diabetic retinopathy vary by case, but some common symptoms include blurred vision and a sudden, temporary loss of sight. In late stages of the disease, abnormal vessel growth can lead to retinal detachment and glaucoma.

The longer a person lives with diabetes, the greater their risk of developing diabetic retinopathy. After five years with diabetes, a person’s risk of development is around 20 percent; after 15 years, the risk increases to about 80 percent. Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness among people aged 20 to 64 in the U.S.

Studies have shown that those who have good control over their diabetes and carefully monitor their glucose levels have a decreased risk of developing sight-threatening complications. In addition, it is important to treat high blood pressure. Also, those who smoke are more likely to have high blood pressure and higher blood sugar levels, which makes diabetes more difficult to control. Not smoking and maintaining good glucose and blood pressure levels can reduce one’s risk of diabetes-related vision problems.

Diabetic retinopathy is generally treated with laser beams that both seal the leaky blood vessels and prevent more from developing. Laser treatment is often successful at maintaining vision if the retinopathy is found early, but it is not capable of restoring vision that is already lost.

Although diabetic retinopathy is the most serious vision impairment, blurred vision and cataracts can also affect diabetics. Blurred vision can be an early symptom of diabetes and can also occur when the disease is not being well controlled. In the case of cataracts, the lens of the eye becomes cloudy causing vision to be blurred or dimmed. It generally afflicts people as they age, but can affect younger individuals who have diabetes. Treatment involves removal of the clouded lens and replacement with a specialized inert plastic lens called an intraocular lens.

Most sight loss from diabetes is preventable. It is crucial for diabetics to have their eyes checked annually, even if they are not experiencing any vision problems.

Camisetas de fútbol Equipamiento, ropa y calzado deportivo . Compra online ahora con los mejores descuentos. by Chelsea Francis

Portsmouth New Kit 2009-2010

Popping up on the internet from time to time recently amid the constant Portsmouth takeover speculation, has been the issue of the club’s new kit for next season.

Of course, the all blue home kit, created to commemorate our ‘110th anniversary’ (!), can’t be worn next season as we will need another to mark our 111th anniversary. This does mean, though, that it looks likely we will be reverting to red, white, and blue. Hooray! Whether the design lasts more than one season remains to be seen. The picture doing the rounds for most of the last few weeks has been a rather amateurish looking photoshop showing white trim with a new sponsor, Intercontinental Hotels. However, the quality of the image left many suspecting tomfoolery.

There is now a new version appearing. It is shown on TrueBlueArmy.com. To see the home kit, click here; for the away, here. Rumour has it the third kit remains black, with a horizontal blue stripe. The source for these latest pictures is Canterbury in Australia, but whether the images are right or wrong, the kit must surely be in production by now. The issue of the sponsor appears unclear, with none shown. It seems the club may be cutting it fine if the takeover needs to be complete before a shirt sponsor is confirmed. The designs themselves look fine to me. The inportant thing is that we return to white shorts and red socks. This has got me thinking about other kits we have had, good and bad, but bear in mind my experience dates back only 25 years. It may be true, however, that we have seen more variations in this time than in the previous years put together!

1983-85 – a classic looking plain royal blue with slightly darker tramlines by Le Coq Sportif. Wouldn’t mind one of these as a classic shirt!

1985-87 – not the home shirt, which was fine, but not as nice as the previous version my opinion. The manufacturer had changed to Umbro, but I’m talking about the white away kit, with the two diagonal blue shoulder stripes on the shirt. Although I’m sure this was the kit in which we were embarrassed on national TV in an FA Cup tie against Wimbledon when, straight from the kick off after going behind, Noel Blake mamaged to slot the ball past Alan Knight for an own goal and 2-0, as Knight was doing up his laces!

1987-89 – again, not the home shirt with the red and white pin stripes, which even then I thought was tacky! Admiral, the new manufacturer, didn’t cover themselves in glory there. But I loved the retro salmon pink away kit! I had one (with shorts and socks, of course as I was eleven at the time). I think we should reintroduce a version of that now!

1991-92 – this was truly horrendous! However, I still have it as a treasured possession due to its association with our FA Cup run that season (I also still have the blue shorts with the little FA Cup on the side). Made by Influence, it had their trademark zig zag, same-colour pattern all over it. I seem to remember Cambridge United having the same design on theirs. The only worse one I can think of was the Arsenal away kit which had the same pattern in yellow and black! That (and the cup run of course) is the only thing that made me feel better about this kit.

1992-95 – Asics were making quite a splash at this time and they gave us a decent home shirt, much better quality than the previous one. Something strange had happened with the badge, and even with the design on the shirt itself, which at a distance looked plain blue, but was a bit ‘swirly’ up close. Where they really came into their own was with the away kit, which was in black and red halves. I had both the shirts but the black and red one was much my favourite. I had great memories of it at a late season 2-0 midweek away win at Tranmere (Whittingham,2), but not so great ones after losing 1-0 to Leicester at the City Ground in the first leg of the play offs.

1997-99 – my memory is slightly hazy around this time as to exactly when we changed our kits. I think we used the Asics one for three seasons before they changed the design. The second Asics kit wasn’t so good, with a huge white band around the collar. But the stand out horrible kit from this period was the Admiral kit which (I think) we used from ’97 to ’99. I still have it, if only to prove to anyone that asks (never gonna happen) how bad it was. It was poor quality with a HUGE badge in the middle of the chest, and ‘Pompey’ written in tacky yellow italics on the bottom of the back (?????). Still, we wore it at Bradford City in 1998 to avoid relegation.

2000-01 – after a one season flirtation with an own brand kit that wasn’t up to scratch, the club unveiled an improved version in 2000. The quality was no doubt an improvement, but the shirt was uninspiring. Still, this is the one that Robert Prosinecki graced and the orange away version was at least distinctive.

This marked the start of the one-season kit era, with only one kit since the introduction of a new kit in 2000 surviving beyond a single campaign. The biggest howler in that time has been the 2005-06 kit by Jako with a yellow stripe running the length of the shirt. The season was as bad as the kit, and the icing on the cake was the embarrassing red and beige away effort. UGHH!

To the present day, and Canterbury make stylish kits. The 2007-08 Cup-winning year kit has been by far the best recently, with only the Le Coq shirt from the early 80s to rival it in my opinion. Some have complained about the gold flashing, but I don’t mind that combined with traditional colours. Last season’s colour scheme was paricularly uninspiring. Let’s hope this new kit returns to tradition and lasts for more than one year!

Camisetas de fútbol Equipamiento, ropa y calzado deportivo . Compra online ahora con los mejores descuentos. by Matthew Robert Jones

Manchester Hotels and Resorts, Nightlife, Shopping and Travel From Manchester to Paris by Eurostar

Manchester is one of the beautiful cities in UK. It offers something for everyone ranging from world-class architecture buildings, museums, monuments and great restaurants to vibrant nightlife and shopping areas.

Hotels and Resorts

We will not spoil your plan by saying that we can’t help you in booking of hotels.

We care for our customers and for their convenient. Eurostar had a link with various big hotels. You can book your hotel along with your traveling ticket. This will give you three gains. You will get a best way of journey, you will get a best hotel and you can save your money under various offers of Eurostar.

  • The Gardens Hotel
  • The Lowry Hotel
  • IBIS Manchester Centre
  • Malmaison Manchester
  • Premier Apartment Manchester
  • The Midland Hotel

Manchester in Dark

Stunning nights of Manchester will force you to dance on the beats of DJ’s. Yes there are lots of things that you can do in nights. It depends on your mood that your nights should rock on the floors or you want to enjoy with wine and drinks.

  • The Alchemist
  • The Rumours Are True
  • Hacienda at Sankeys
  • Rain Bar
  • Cord
  • Band On The Wall

Manchester Shopping

Amazing wears, accessories, households, wine, religious things etc the list is so long. You can do lots of shopping in the city. Highly classy shopping malls or street markets the choice is yours.

  • The Trafford Centre
  • House of Fraser Kendals
  • Selfridges
  • Harvey Nichols
  • Market Place Outlet Mall
  • The Lowry Outlet Mall

Manchester to Paris By Eurostar

Rocking and vibrating city with lots of events is waiting for you. So do not think much joust book your tickets and ride all the way with Eurostar. You will feel the ultimate comfort in this train. It will take your short time and will give you more comforts.

We will take your 5 hours and 12 minutes from Manchester to Paris and you will reach at your dreamy vacation destination. You will get more exited after hearing that the return fair from the city is just £91.

Comprar Camisetas de fútbol para adultos y niños desde 15 € y camisetas oficiales de equipos de fútbol. Clica y Recoge GRATUITO en tienda. by K K Sharma

How to Manage National Team in Football Manager FM 2010

Football Manager is a series of football management simulation PC games developed by Sports Interactive (SIGames) and published by Sega. The latest version is Football Manager 2010 (FM 2010).

I have managed various national teams in Football Manager, you can manage one club and one national team concurrently in Football Manager. This is essentially 2 teams management. When I’m playing with Manchester United, I am offered to manage Brazil & England team. When I play in Spanish league as Xerez, I was offered manager position for Italy, Spain, and French. I usually don’t apply for this job. If you are winning many league cups as well as UEFA Champions League, you will be offered any of this national manager position instantly by the FA. The position usually will open after major cup such as World Cup or European Cup every 2-4 years. Most managers will get sack after poor performance in this major cup or the manager will resign by himself.

Managing national team is easy. I usually use generic tactic such as 4-4-2 most of the time or 4-1-2-1-2 variation for defence if needed. One thing to keep in mind is to keep winning when you are managing the national team.

Managing the Brazil team is a challenge, you will need to win almost all the time. Any consecutive draw will force the FA to boot you from the team. I was fired when I drew by playing with Argentina, Bolivia and Peru. If you can stay away from Brazil national team. The FA is just too unreasonable I think.

If possible, try to manage the national team which you have the league selected such as If you are managing English League team, try to manage England. Usually there is more young talent in your league that you play with the exception of Brazil.

I usually don’t select the national team player, I just ask a suggestion from my assistant manager to select the team. This option usually is available from time to time. If not, select the best team by using the game filter such as rating etc.

4-4-2 tactic

I mainly used a 4-4-2 formation with both center back/ defender arrow down, wingers has upward arrow, and 1 fast striker downward arrow. The center back usually have man marking and rarely close down position. One of midfielder is played as defensive midfielder with closing down. Other your back will be out of position whenever the other team counter attack your team. The passing is set to short or mix, wide formation and quick tempo. Offside and counter attack is on.

comprar camisetas futbol spain y selecciones nacionales y todos los clubs para hombre,mujer y niños,Camisetas de fútbol en camisetafutboles.com. by Yusup Chandra