Football and Violence – Football Or Fireball?

Recently concluded Euro 2008 was widely covered in the international media, but there was another news that attracted lesser coverage and readers. Spain’s Euro 2008 football victory party turned sour when one fan died and nearly 100 suffered injuries during wild celebrations in Madrid.

The victim, a 40-year-old man, was found lying in a pool of blood by street cleaners in the centre of the capital. The initial media reports suggested that he probably suffered a head wound.

After the national team had broken a 44-year spell, Spaniards took to the streets in wild celebrations that lasted well into the following day. Wrapped in Spanish flags fans let off fireworks and honked car horns.

Police tried to stop fans from jumping into the Cibeles fountain, the traditional way to celebrate a football victory and made baton charges to break up isolated rioting in the capital. More than 50 supporters were arrested for acts of vandalism and public disorder. Luckily there was only one reported death.

The game of football has been closely associated with hundreds of death. Many times it was a result of hooliganism or football riots and many times it was an out come of accidents or stampedes or fights among the fans.

Football and violence have been moving closely since many years. In 1314 King Edward II of UK banned football to prevent football related violence. Most of the football playing nations, have witnessed football related deaths from time to time.

In 1968, over 70 people died when crowds attending a football match in Argentina, stampeded after some youths threw burning papers on each others. In 1971, a fight broke out at a match in Brazil, killing four and injuring 1,500.

In 1964, in another football accident more than 300 football fans died and another 500 were injured in Peru in a riot during an Olympic qualifying match between Argentina and Peru.

In June 2006, Germany beat Poland in a world cup finals match, a result that meant Germany qualified for the second round in the finals. The match was marred by violent clashes between German and Polish fans. The police detained over 300 people in Dortmund after clashes broke out. German fans threw chairs, bottles and fireworks at the police. Various groups of German and Polish fans fought with each other in separate clashes. In February 2007 in Saxony, all German lower league matches were cancelled after about 800 fans attacked 300 police officers after a match.

In Turkey, before Galatasaray’s semifinal UEFA cup match with Leeds United A.F.C. in 2000, many fans were stabbed to death following street fights between Turkish and British hooligans.

At the 2006 FIFA world cup in Germany, there were limited incidences of violence, with over 200 preventative arrests. During that time, Police believe that on average each rioter consumed or threw 17 litres of beer.

In more serious situation, police had to protect Libyan fans in the Egypt from missiles being thrown at them by Egypt fans in the tier above them during a match between Egypt and Morocco.

In another football accident 125 people died and hundreds were injured when football fans stampeded at a match in Ghana in 2001. In Johannesburg, South Africa, on 14 January 1991 forty people died when fans surged toward a jammed exit to escape rival brawling fans at a match south west of Johannesburg.

On April 15, 1989 in England, Ninety-five people are killed and at least 200 injured in Britain’s worst sports disaster after a crowd surge crushed packed fans against barriers at the English F.A. Cup semifinal match between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest at the Hillsborough stadium.

In thousands of other cases hundreds of fans were stabbed at various places world wide. Many matches faced cancellation and many clubs paid hefty fines. Public property faced destruction in countless events. All these incidents leave the game with a tarnished image. Now most of the football playing nations, are taking extra security measures for various tournaments. Along with the governments, a lot depends on the fans as well. Only they can help curb such violence. A broader and more liberal outlook among fans is needed to make the sport a sporty affair!

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Norbert Elias

Elias, a German sociologist that was a refugee from Hitler and existed probably the best thing of forty years in England, had to hold out a great deal of time for recognition. If this came, it had been in the native land of his and especially the Netherlands not in the adopted country of his of citizenship that he discovered himself an intellectual movie star. By then he was in his late seventies as well as his eighties. In a notably energetic aging, Elias arrived at last to be viewed by many community scientists as having – in Bryan Wilson's words – 'one of the world' s most unique and penetrating sociological minds'.

The writings of his, additionally, address issues of fascination and concern to folks well beyond the narrow society of qualified social science. What so very long delayed Elias's effect was the disruption of the career of his at its really start by the National Socialists' accession to power in 1933 when Elias, as a Jew, went into exile initially in Paris and subsequently in London. Elias was born in Breslau (now the Polish city of Wroclaw) on twenty two June 1897, the one son of Hermann Elias – a businessman in the textile trade – and Sophie Elias. At the notable Johannes gymnasium in Breslau he got a first class degree in science, mathematics, classics, literature and languages. On leaving school in 1916 he served in the German forces, primarily on the Western Front, in the very first World War. On demobilization he enrolled at Breslau Faculty both in medicine and philosophy – completing the pre-clinical part of healthcare knowledge before focusing on philosophy for the doctorate of his.

At Heidelberg, Elias was recognized as a candidate for an academic post by Alfred Weber, Max Weber's younger brother. He started to be friends with Karl Mannheim, just 4 years older compared to Elias and already a Privatdozent. When Mannheim was offered the seat of Sociology at Frankfurt in 1929, Elias went with him as an academic Assistant. The university department of theirs was housed in basement rooms rented in the wealthy Institut für Sozialforschung, the consequently famous 'Frankfurt School' guided by Max Horkheimer. If the National Socialists came to power first in 1933, Elias hardly had the foot of his on the very first rung of the German academic career ladder. His Habilitation was rushed through – the thesis was an earlier model of "The Court Society", which wasn't posted until thirty six years later on.

After spending close to 2 years in Paris, exactly where he started writing the very first volume of Über den Prozess der Zivilisation, later identified in English as the Civilizing Process, he discovered himself in London, not actually at initial speaking English, and also with not many prospects. On a little grant from a Jewish refugee business, he worked for 3 years to finish the 2 volumes of that, the magnum opus of his. It was released in Switzerland in 1939. It remained unread and unknown largely among both the English and German speaking publics for 30 years. Elias's parents died during the war, the mother of his in Auschwitz – the main trauma of Elias's lifestyle. Elias himself remained in England, briefly interned like any other Germans as an 'enemy alien', then leading an insecure presence on the fringes of academic life as well as, after World War II, helping (with his old buddy Siegmund H. Foulkes to lay the foundations of Group Analysis, today one of the most important modes of psychotherapy, and setting up the Group Analytic Society.

Mainly in 1954, a mere 8 many years before arriving at retirement age, did a faculty post is obtained by him, at Leicester. There, with Ilya Neustadt, he built up a successful and large Department of Sociology, in which numerous consequently well-known British sociologists were sometimes junior colleagues (like Anthony Giddens and John H. Goldthorpe) or perhaps pupils. In 1962, following his official retirement from Leicester, Elias served as Professor of Sociology in the Faculty of Ghana.

Although he continued writing, thinking and researching, during these years he published little. With inner sense and great determination of purpose he created, extended and enhanced the ideas provided in the Civilizing Process. That massive labor was ambitious enough, tracing as it did the 'civilizing' of personality and manners in Western Europe after the late Middle Ages, as well as showing how that was associated with the development of monopolisation and states of energy within them. But Elias often saw it as more when compared to an one-time thesis: it had also been a paradigm to be created as an unit of a sociology which presents a major rejection of some of the fundamental assumptions of the traditional sociology of today.

The decisive occasion, was the republication in 1969, when Elias was currently more than seventy years of age, of the initial German copy of Über den Prozess der Zivilisation. Elias was far more and much more sought after as a visiting instructor in Dutch and German colleges (including Konstanz, Amsterdam and Bielefeld), and ultimately left England to dwell in Amsterdam.

The majority of the later books of his and essays hence appeared initially in German: the publications include (under their English titles) The Court Society, What's Sociology ?, The Loneliness of the Dying, Detachment and Involvement (collected essays on the sociology of expertise and also the sciences), An Essay on time, Quest for Excitement (co authored with Eric Dunning – collected essays, originating from English, on the sociology of sport), Humana Conditio (subtitled 'Observations on the Development of Mankind in the Forty Years after the next World War '), and the Society of Individuals (containing 3 essays ranging in date from 1939 to 1987).

Elias died, still working, in Amsterdam on one August 1990. 5 additional books have been released posthumously: The Symbol Theory, worried about the really long term functions of human growth which preoccupied Elias particularly in his final years; Reflections on a Life – containing an autobiographical essay as well as interview; Mozart: Sociology of a Genius, as well as, lately, The Genesis of the Naval Profession.

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Mario Gotze’s Golazo Deserves the FIFA Puskas Award

Football often provides us with exciting, astonishing goals. With six months until the end of the year, I think it is safe to say that the most valuable goal of 2014 is the one that gave Germany the 2014 World Cup title in Brazil. Mario Gotze, the hero in the final match in Brazil, came in as a substitute and with just minutes on the field, Mario Gotze scored the goal of his life.

The final game of the World Cup 2014 between Germans and Argentineans was a close game with very few goal opportunities. Germany was the favorite, but Argentina had the best soccer player in the planet in their squad. Nevertheless, Lionel Messi’s magic never appeared and it looked like the winner of the 2014 World Cup was going to be decided in the penalty kick shootout, but then in the 112 minute of the match, already in the second half of overtime, the magic finally happened, not from Messi, but from the 22 year old German player Mario Gotze, who received a cross from Andre Schurrle, finding Gotze, who controlled the ball with his chest, and with his left foot finished the volley to score a golazo that broke the hearts of millions in Argentina.

Mario Gotze’s golazo should be nominated to the FIFA Puskas Award.

More than 170 goals were scored through the 2014 World Cup, some of them great goals too, like James Rodriguez’ exquisite definition for Colombia in the match vs Uruguay. And how about Gervinho’s golazo a la Messi to give Ivory Coast the victory in the match vs Colombia.

Mario Gotze goal was not only valuable but also had an astonishing definition, and it should be considered for the FIFA Puskas Award. The beautiful goal meets the criteria «Aesthetically significant, or «most beautiful goal of the year» and it was scored in the most important soccer competition, The World Cup, with millions and millions watching. WOW!

The tournaments at club level are starting around the world, and I’m sure we will see many beautiful goals, perhaps more spectacular than Gotze’s goal. Maybe in the 14-15 UEFA Champions League we’ll get to watch a brilliant definition, or in the derby Barcelona vs Madrid, but in my opinion Mario Gotze’s golazo is pure gold and it will be in the memory of many for years. In Germany, the young Mario Götze will be remembered as a hero for years and years to come.

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Why Players Prefer Football in Italy and Spain – Not in England

The exodus of so many great players from the English Premier League does force one to believe that perhaps it is not as appealing to world football stars as the football leagues of Spain and Italy. Despite the fact that it offers so much financial benefits and world-wide viewing as compared to other leagues, we have observed that more foreign stars have been found leaving the Premier League than joining. And whats more interesting is the fact that most of these players either opt for the football leagues in Italy, or Spain.

Here I look at some of the reasons why Premier League has been hit by the exodus of players like Ronaldo, Henry, van Nistelrooy and many others to the football clubs of Spain and Italy!

First of all, the style of football played in these two countries differs from that of the English. They provide players with much more time on the ball and matches and therefore feature more skillful moments.

Another reason for the preference given to Italy and Spain would be the fact that the foreign players are more comfortable in a Mediterranean climate than an English one.

Perhaps the players who are recognized worldwide do not like the media attention they get from playing in English League. Most of the foreign players, especially the ones from Argentina and Brazil, are from humble backgrounds and the media attention really bothers them. Such media attention is not a problem in other leagues as they don’t have much viewership but provide even a tougher atmosphere to hone your skills.

If you make a mistake in English Premier League, you will have to bear the media bombardment for at least a whole week. And that can really get to your nerves. People will always be babbling about the style of your game, or the lack of it.

The only thing perhaps that may bring in more foreign stars to the English Premier League is money. And believe me there is no dearth of it In the English Premier League. However, not everyone plays for money. And there are things even money cannot buy!

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5 Amazing Facts About Arsenal FC

Arsenal Football Club or Arsenal FC is a Professional English football club which plays in the English Premier League A division. This London club joined the first ever club from the South of England in 1893. Furthermore, since enrolling the First Division in 1904, they have gained the second most points. The club is regarded as one of the most successful clubs in Football.

So These are 5 Amazing Facts you probably didn’t know about Arsenal FC.

  1. The club was not intentionally founded to play Football
    The Arsenal FC club was originally for the purpose of mourning the 1886th victim of the Satanic cult. The club,in fact, was originally founded by a secret society. However, the official statement of the club was announced not before 1886.
  2. The haunting Stadium
    Before the division of the continents in ancient times, it is believed that the North London was the homeland to the earliest Aboriginal Americans. Also, there have been a lot of dead bodies of the Ancient Indians buried below the stadium ground.
  3. Bin Laden was a Die Hard Gunner
    It would surprise you hearing the fact that Bin Laden, the founder of Al-Qaeda group, was actually a regular season holder of Arsenal FC. It is also believed that he had attended the several major games of Arsenal. After the revelation of this unknown fact, the club finally decided to ban Bin Laden from attending the Highbury Stadium which was the previous official stadium of Arsenal Football Club.
  4. The golden Premier League Trophy
    The 2003-2004 premier league season is probably the life-memorably season for the whole football fans around the world. Arsenal successfully managed to win the Premier League title without losing a single match in 38 games played. Arsenal FC, however, grabbed the record of a record of 26 wins and 12 draws. The club was handed the only Golden Premier League trophy by the FA. Till date, not a single English Football Club has beaten this record. The club’s longest undefeated run was 49 games until the controversial penalty of Ruud van Nistelrooy ended the record. Since then, there has been a great rivalry between these two clubs.
  5. The one and only English Team that hasn’t been Relegated
    Arsenal Football club was finally promoted to the first division in 1919. Since then, the club has never got relegated. Probably there will be the only team in the history of Premier League not to downgrade its position. The team has been in the top flight English football since 1919-1920.

So these are the best 5 Facts about Arsenal FC.

Another mind-blowing fact is the current stadium, Emirates Stadium, is the second largest stadium in England after Old Trafford of Manchester Untied. This stadium has a total capacity of 60,432 while Old Trafford, The Manchester United Stadium, has little more with the total capacity of 75,635.

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Indian Premier League – A Sport Or Just Business?

The recently concluded IPL has seen a lot of ups and downs in the past three years of its existence. It has always had some controversy or the other associated to it, be the bidding of players, exclusion of Pakistani players by the owners, slapping of a fielder by another on the field, owners walking out on their team, rumors of love affairs starting off the field, match fixing, people twitting about IPL secrets, so on and so forth… The list is quite big.

Lalit Modi, the brain behind the ever so popular IPL, has been in limelight ever since IPL came into existence until his latest stunts and expulsion as the IPL supremo. As soon as he was shown the door, the new IPL chief Chirayu Amin started changing the very face of IPL and making declarations about what will happen and what will not happen from IPL season 4 onwards.

Whatever said and done IPL has no doubt brought the Twenty-twenty format of this game to the foreground and though an Indian initiative it has managed to get global success and fan-fare. Reasons for IPL being so popular could be any of these, the humongous amount of involvement of money, bidding of cricket players, support from local celebrities and business tycoons, media coverage, non-stop off the field controversies, cheer-leaders, or maybe the game itself.

IPL managed to bring in the sort of fame and name to Lalit Modi that nothing else could have possibly done, he says he has seen many ups and downs in his life and the recent showdown is nothing but a passing phase. But credit must be given to him for all the effort he has put in the past three years to bring IPL to a stage where it currently is. Only this man had the guts to get IPL moved out to South Africa and get all the arrangements done in such a short notice, when players from abroad showed apprehensions about security in India after 26/11. Only this man had the guts to bring business tycoons like Mukesh Ambani & Vijay Mallaya opposite each other fighting to win the bids for cricket players and still support him wholeheartedly when the entire BCCI crowd turned their back on him.

Many hard core cricket fans call IPL a mockery of cricket, a circus, just a mere business where some people are minting money cuz one nation is so crazy about this one game. But you may say whatever; IPL has provided some good cricketing action, mindblowing entertainment to all hardcore fans of cricket in India, where cricket is nothing less than a religion and Sachin Tendulkar a God.

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