Advantages of RGP Contact Lenses

Just because RGP (rigid gas permeable, oftentimes referred to just as GPs) contact lenses have been around a long time and have been seemingly displaced in popularity by soft contacts, they are still an important player in correcting eye disorders.

Rigid Gas Permeable lenses came along as a better alternative to PMMA, or hard, contacts. Hard contacts did not allow oxygen to pass through to the eye, setting up a situation wherein prolonged wear caused complications such as swelling, cloudiness to the cornea, blurred vision, and infection. The materials in RGP contacts are more oxygen friendly and the firm construction of the lens conducts a flow of tears across the cornea during blinking; this provides adequate and much-needed moisture to the eyes.

Gas permeable lenses hold their own alongside soft contacts for a variety of reasons. They can be fitted in a more custom-made manner to the eye and retain their shape better during the blinking process, which keeps crisp vision from fluctuating. The rigidity also assists astigmatism patients in maintaining a rounded cornea that will let light hit the center of the retina, producing desired clarity of vision. In this vein, GPs become the only resort for those with irregular or severely scarred corneas. They are also a top choice when post-LASIK wear becomes necessary to correct remaining aberrations following surgery.

While it is true that on average it takes two to three weeks to become comfortable with GPs (soft lenses tend to provide more immediate comfort), once a satisfactory fit is reached, the quality of vision attained makes the adjustment period well worth it.

The care regimen* for GPs is easier because of their resistance to proteins and other deposits; they hold up over time to repeated cleaning. Needless to say, a longer-lasting lens can be less expensive due to fewer replacements.

Gas permeable lenses can be made with various designs and materials, freeing the fitter to fashion a contact to meet precise needs. Recent advances in technology have allowed a hybrid lens to be developed that combines the best features of soft contacts with those of GPs. The result is a lens with a rigid gas permeable center married to a soft outer skirting-giving the wearer sharp vision and comfort.

So, despite the vogue for soft contacts, GPs should not be discounted when selecting a suitable lens. They have a proven track record that makes them far from obsolete.

*Always follow your eye doctor’s instructions for proper wear and cleaning of contact lenses. They will also assist in choosing the best lens and answer any questions concerning GPs, soft contacts, and other lenses available to you.

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Binge Eating and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Beyond a physical drive for food or water, shelter and safety, what motivates our behavior?

According to humanist psychologist Abraham Maslow, our actions are motivated in order achieve certain needs. His hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.maslow hierarchy of needs

His hierarchy of needs model is often displayed as a pyramid, with the lowest or base levels of the pyramid being our most basic human needs. Our more complex needs are at the top of the pyramid.

In a nutshell, it means that our basic needs must be met first before we can move on to meet more complex needs. For instance, it’s hard to focus on self-esteem if you’re starving.

As we get our basic needs met, we move up the pyramid. Our needs become more psychological and social rather than physical. Soon, our needs for love, friendship and intimacy become important for our overall well-being and health. Later, our needs for personal self esteem and the ability to accomplish goals become important.

Maslow puts self-actualization at the very top, which is the highest «need» of a human, the need to grow and develop as a person to reach your fullest potentials.

Indeed, if you’ve found yourself bored by the pace of your everyday routine, itching for something «deeper» or «greater» for your life, then you’re experiencing your self-actualization need.

Abraham Maslow theorized the physical, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation.

The highest-level of the pyramid are considered growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs). Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to develop as a person.

The deficiency, or basic needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet. Also, the need to fulfill such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied. For example, the longer a person goes without food the more hungry they will become.

Originally, this model came out in 1943, then revised in 1954. It later expanded to include cognitive, aesthetic and transcendence needs in the 1970s.

Here’s Maslow’s model, as it stands with all needs incorporated:

1. Biological and Physiological Needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.

2. Safety Needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, etc.

3. Social Needs – Belongingness and Love, – work group, family, affection, relationships, etc.

4. Esteem Needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.

5. Cognitive Needs – knowledge, meaning, etc.

6. Aesthetic Needs – appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc.

7. Self-Actualization Needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

8. Transcendence Needs – helping others to achieve self actualization.

Now, how does this relate to eating?

Maslow’s model points out the needs that drive our behavior… and, since overeating or binge eating is often not due to physical hunger, it’s behavior that’s driven from other needs.

Binge eating is generally motivated from something usually not obvious. It’s often the result of a habit or a reaction to something emotional or situational: stress, anxiety, boredom, loneliness, guilt, shame, anger… you get the idea.

If it’s become a habitual reaction, there may not be an obvious connection to an emotion or situation. It might just be what you’ve gotten used to doing.

If you find yourself overeating regularly and feeling disgusted at yourself for being «weak» or having «no control» around food… step back for a moment to look at the 8 human needs above. Is there a need where you’re not entirely fulfilled?

Maybe you’re feeling stagnant. Or like your life is on auto-pilot. Maybe you are missing beauty and balance. Perhaps there’s a relationship that’s not what you want it to be.

Take Action

For the next 8 days, focus on one of the 8 listed needs in Maslow’s hierarchy. Plan and do whatever makes you feel most fulfilled in that area on that day. Nourish yourself on that level.

Notice your eating behaviors as you make conscious efforts to fulfill your needs on multiple levels. Do you feel hungrier than ever? Do you feel inspired to try something new? Do you not feel your usual cravings?

I’m very curious to know. For myself, after tinkering with this, I realized that it’s often social, esteem or self-actualization needs that can have me feeling restless or unfulfilled. And when I’m feeling unfulfilled… it’s very easy to fill up with food without even thinking about it.

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8 Bakerloo Line Stations With Interesting Attractions and Activities for Visitors to Explore

The Bakerloo Line, coloured brown on the London Underground maps, was opened in March 1906. The line starts from Harrow & Wealdstone station in north-west London to Elephant & Castle station in south London. The Bakerloo line covers a distance of 23km (14.5 miles) and serves 25 tube stations.

Listed below are 8 of the 25 tube stations that most tourists use when they visit London.

Wembley Central station is located across the road from Wembley Stadium and is close to Wembley Arena.

Wembley Stadium is the home ground of the English National Football (Soccer) team. It is also the venue where the Carling Cup Final and The FA Cup Final are held. It has a seating capacity of 90,000 and is a popular venue for other sports events and major concerts.

Wembley Arena is an indoor arena and is an internationally renowned concert venue. The arena can seat 12,500 fans and has seen stars like Abba, Bon Jovi, Cliff Richard, The Eagles and Westlife perform there.

Wembley Market is one of the biggest Sunday markets in the UK and is situated outside Wembley Stadium.

Warwick Avenue station is the stop for Little Venice and the Grand Union & Regent’s Canal.

Here you can enjoy the tranquil canal area, stroll along pretty streets or take a relaxing boat trip to the London Zoo.

Paddington station is one of the main railway stations in London. This is the station where visitors take the Heathrow Express to Heathrow Airport. There are several 4 and 5 star hotels within easy walking distance to Paddington station. There is also a good selection of restaurants serving exotic cuisines.

Baker Street station is the stop for Madame Tussauds Wax Museum and Sherlock Holmes Museum. You also get off here for Regent’s Park and the London Central Mosque. Baker Street station is one of the busiest tube stations in the London Underground system.

Oxford Circus station is where you get off to do your shopping. This is the intersection where Oxford Street and Regent Street meet. This is the busiest shopping district in London with several large department stores like John Lewis, Debenhams and House of Fraser are situated.

Bond Street, renowned for its expensive designer clothes, and Selfridges Department Store are a short distance away, west of Oxford Circus station. Carnaby Street and the famous Hamley Toy Store are also a short distance away from here.

Piccadilly Circus station is the stop for the Statue of Eros, West End Theatreland and the London Chinatown. There are many theatres along Shaftesbury Avenue and Charing Cross Road.

London Chinatown, with lots of good Chinese restaurants and supermarkets, is situated south of Shaftesbury Avenue between Piccadilly Circus and Leicester Square. The restaurants are always busy especially before and after theatre shows.

Piccadilly Circus is the venue for London nightlife with lots of pubs, clubs and restaurants for the locals as well as tourists.

Stop at Charing Cross station if you are visiting Trafalgar Square & Nelson’s Column.

Other tourist attractions around Trafalgar Square include the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery and St Martin-in-the Fields Church. There are also many theatres, hotels, restaurants and pubs near Charing Cross station.

Tourist attractions near Waterloo station include the London Eye, London Aquarium, The Royal Festival Hall and the Jubilee Pedestrian Bridge.

Within easy walking distance from Waterloo station are other popular London landmarks such as the Houses of Parliament, Big Ben, Westminster Abbey and Downing Street.

You can also take a relaxing Thames River cruise from the London Eye Millennium Pier.

Apart from Wembley Central (zone 4) and Warwick Avenue (zone 2), all the other Bakerloo line stations listed above are in zone 1. So if you are not planning to visit Warwick Avenue or Wembley Central, you only need to buy a 1-day Travelcard for zone 1. That will give you unlimited travel for a day in zone 1 by bus as well as by tube.

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I'm on the First Page on Google – What's Next?

Internet marketing should be seen as a jigsaw, with all the pieces required to get a satisfactory result. Search engine optimization is only one component of a successful website and even if you have first page rankings on the popular search engines this does not guarantee people will actually click on your impression.

What many people forget is, the most important part of any business, your site visitor experience. When optimizing a website, after employing your keyword research and finding high traffic, relatively uncompetitive key phrases you will be looking to change your Meta tags so they contain your keywords. The mistake people often make is that they simply group the keywords together on the Meta Title tag, without thinking that, for their potential customers, this is the headline that will grab attention. You need to make your keywords flow so it actually means something to your target audience.

Meta Descriptions are also important to get right, because this gives you a chance to really emphasize why someone would want to click through and view your site. Again just jamming this with a group of keywords is a surefire way to alienate the reader. This part of the text needs to be compelling and really get people curious about what lies beyond. Avoid superlatives, boasting and ridiculous claims as nobody listens to people who shout about themselves, they are just regarded as annoying.

The key to this balancing act is understanding that your customers are thinking "what's in this for me?" Give benefits, not features and focus on how your product or service can alleviate your customers various problems and needs. Never forget that you are serving two masters when it comes to online marketing, the search engines and more importantly your potential customers.

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Can Soccer Be Explained By Statistics?

Can a game as fluid and – many would argue – nuanced, and even elegant, as the game of soccer is, be explained by statistics? After all, there are hundreds of variables which all come into play during each and every soccer match – and, in some cases, pure luck seems to be a deciding factor in winning the game. A player’s performance in that particular match surely cannot be explained by the numbers alone, so those unknowns cannot be discounted neither.

Can any win or lose in the game of soccer be attributed to something as unpoetical as numbers, skeptics wonder. Soccer fans have never demanded more than to know the score, and time elapsed. Unlike those dedicated to baseball, soccer websites typically display only a handful of categories that could be useful for statistics: goals, assists, shots, shots on goal, game-winning goals and game-winning assists. Looking at those, one could conclude that soccer is just not a numbers game.

Still, in this age of big data, even a game as free-flowing, variable and seemingly unpredictable as the soccer undoubtedly is, has started to take data analysis more seriously. It was only in 1994 that FIFA has started counting assists, but now it looks like the game of soccer may be on a brink of statistical revolution. The biggest clubs, like Arsenal, Real Madrid, Chelsea or Manchester United, have already spent hundreds of thousands on statistical data analysis.

However, it looks like top clubs intend to keep the data for themselves! They have staff members dedicated to interpreting the data that has been generated on their matches. It seems like they are not too keen on making the methods they use to do so publicly debatable. They prefer to use them internally, to their team’s advantage.

Data analysis companies they employ will watch a live feed of the game, chart any distinct action, enter all this data into a database, and crunch the numbers. Statistics such as individual player touches, number of passes, number of balls lost and won, and others, are then revealed. While it seems that the resulting numbers still can’t accurately predict who will win the game, they can tell you a lot about the quality of the game. For example, a team’s number of touches is found to correlate with his FIFA rankings.

Still, unlike baseball and other similarly structured sports, analyzing soccer data is hard. Yet, there is no going back to hunches-only approach any time soon.

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Is Money Everything?

In today’s world, money is, sadly, everything. Especially in recent years, when the recession struck, and the whole world found itself one day with the lack of resources and money that they had just the day before. Sports are no exception, I mean, that is probably the main reason why it is played. Of course, many would say that it is for entertainment, and I say to those people: «That is a great positive thought, but come on, get real». Seeing all the players, the people involved in sports, and all the money the handle, makes me wonder where does it stop? When is the limit, because, in this recession time there have been much more immoral transactions then before. Just look at Cristiano Ronaldos move from Manchester United to Real Madrid. Of course, I don not deny or diminish that he is a great player, but 94 million euro is I think too much for any man, or woman, to pay. In today world especially, where there are many better ways to spend money, are there are many people who need it more. But that is the corporate world, the rich get richer, and the poorer get poorer.

So lets look at the biggest spender in the last 2 years out there, Manchester City. Why and how are they the biggest spenders? They are owned by a private company from the United Arabian Emirates, which has obviously a lot of many and desire to invest it. So they bought, forgive me all fans of City, but then just an average club, and are now trying to turn it into the greatest one. For season 2009/2010 they spend over 100 million pounds buying all sorts of star players from different clubs. Names like Gareth Barry, Emmanuel Adebayor and Carlos Tevez came to the club to boost it onto a whole new level. But there is some thought that by just putting the greatest players on Earth in the same team would not make an unbeatable team, but a chaotic one in which all of them could not get along. Of course, nobody has ever tried this, but City are doing everything they can, I believe, to achieve this. It may take a few years, everyone knows that they were often turned down by some star players because they believed it was just an average club. Some accepted, to try to lift the level of this club or to prove the skeptics wrong. I believe, and maybe this is just my opinion, that last year the problem was not in the players, although there were some that many people would not characterize as high class. No, I believe the problem was in the coach. Mark Hughes, all respect to him as a player, he was brilliant, but as a coach I think he lacked the experience of running high classed teams that compete for the title. I mean, it is a whole different conception if you are fighting for the title or if you just say: «Oh, lets just try to do our best and finish as high as we can.» City had some high class players, some of them mentioned already, but Hughes could not consolidate them. This is an example of how money, buying high class players, does not mean you will instantly go top of the world. Of course the folks at Manchester City knew this, so they just set a goal of reaching the Champions League spot, which was also not achieved.

I waste? Perhaps, but the surely learned something from that. This year, at the start of season 2010/2011, they already spent over 100 million pounds on new players (they have a new coach from last season, Roberto Mancini, which signed and coached them the last few games last season), with the likes of Balotelli, David Silva, Boateng and so on joining them on their quest to glory. Will it finally be achieved, after all these years being in the shadow of their biggest rival (United), will they finally fulfill their goal. We will see. At the start of the season it does not look good, they lost a friendly match against Borussia Dortmund, beat Valencia which is in big financial problems and lots of its key players, and drew with Tottenham Hotspur at the start of the Premier League. More importantly in that last game, they did not play well at all, Tottenham was a much better team, and if they want to go for the title, these are the games that they should start winning. Will money be everything, is yet to be seen. The rest of the world seems to think so.

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