Binge Eating and Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs

Beyond a physical drive for food or water, shelter and safety, what motivates our behavior?

According to humanist psychologist Abraham Maslow, our actions are motivated in order achieve certain needs. His hierarchy suggests that people are motivated to fulfill basic needs before moving on to other, more advanced needs.maslow hierarchy of needs

His hierarchy of needs model is often displayed as a pyramid, with the lowest or base levels of the pyramid being our most basic human needs. Our more complex needs are at the top of the pyramid.

In a nutshell, it means that our basic needs must be met first before we can move on to meet more complex needs. For instance, it’s hard to focus on self-esteem if you’re starving.

As we get our basic needs met, we move up the pyramid. Our needs become more psychological and social rather than physical. Soon, our needs for love, friendship and intimacy become important for our overall well-being and health. Later, our needs for personal self esteem and the ability to accomplish goals become important.

Maslow puts self-actualization at the very top, which is the highest «need» of a human, the need to grow and develop as a person to reach your fullest potentials.

Indeed, if you’ve found yourself bored by the pace of your everyday routine, itching for something «deeper» or «greater» for your life, then you’re experiencing your self-actualization need.

Abraham Maslow theorized the physical, security, social, and esteem needs are deficiency needs (also known as D-needs), meaning that these needs arise due to deprivation.

The highest-level of the pyramid are considered growth needs (also known as being needs or B-needs). Growth needs do not stem from a lack of something, but rather from a desire to develop as a person.

The deficiency, or basic needs are said to motivate people when they are unmet. Also, the need to fulfill such needs will become stronger the longer the duration they are denied. For example, the longer a person goes without food the more hungry they will become.

Originally, this model came out in 1943, then revised in 1954. It later expanded to include cognitive, aesthetic and transcendence needs in the 1970s.

Here’s Maslow’s model, as it stands with all needs incorporated:

1. Biological and Physiological Needs – air, food, drink, shelter, warmth, sex, sleep, etc.

2. Safety Needs – protection from elements, security, order, law, stability, etc.

3. Social Needs – Belongingness and Love, – work group, family, affection, relationships, etc.

4. Esteem Needs – self-esteem, achievement, mastery, independence, status, dominance, prestige, managerial responsibility, etc.

5. Cognitive Needs – knowledge, meaning, etc.

6. Aesthetic Needs – appreciation and search for beauty, balance, form, etc.

7. Self-Actualization Needs – realizing personal potential, self-fulfillment, seeking personal growth and peak experiences.

8. Transcendence Needs – helping others to achieve self actualization.

Now, how does this relate to eating?

Maslow’s model points out the needs that drive our behavior… and, since overeating or binge eating is often not due to physical hunger, it’s behavior that’s driven from other needs.

Binge eating is generally motivated from something usually not obvious. It’s often the result of a habit or a reaction to something emotional or situational: stress, anxiety, boredom, loneliness, guilt, shame, anger… you get the idea.

If it’s become a habitual reaction, there may not be an obvious connection to an emotion or situation. It might just be what you’ve gotten used to doing.

If you find yourself overeating regularly and feeling disgusted at yourself for being «weak» or having «no control» around food… step back for a moment to look at the 8 human needs above. Is there a need where you’re not entirely fulfilled?

Maybe you’re feeling stagnant. Or like your life is on auto-pilot. Maybe you are missing beauty and balance. Perhaps there’s a relationship that’s not what you want it to be.

Take Action

For the next 8 days, focus on one of the 8 listed needs in Maslow’s hierarchy. Plan and do whatever makes you feel most fulfilled in that area on that day. Nourish yourself on that level.

Notice your eating behaviors as you make conscious efforts to fulfill your needs on multiple levels. Do you feel hungrier than ever? Do you feel inspired to try something new? Do you not feel your usual cravings?

I’m very curious to know. For myself, after tinkering with this, I realized that it’s often social, esteem or self-actualization needs that can have me feeling restless or unfulfilled. And when I’m feeling unfulfilled… it’s very easy to fill up with food without even thinking about it.

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The Foundry Lofts and Chelsea Lofts in West-End Toronto!

The Foundry Lofts are located in Toronto’s Central-west end and are another example of a successful conversion from a vintage 19th century warehouse into chic urban lofts.

This impressive structure was built in the early 1900’s and was first used by the Canada Foundry Company in the building of electric locomotives that would supply railways across Canada, until the 1920’s when Canada’s General Electric took the location over and continued to use the building for the next 60+ years.

Fast forward today and we find the vast size and character lending itself to be an ideal Loft space that is perfectly suited for buyers seeking historic character combined with modern building materials and technology.

This unique layout allowed for the design of an interior Green Space, spanning approximately 16,000 square feet, meant to create a common community area. Residents are able to feel this connection while enjoying the interior landscaping that is designed with planted trees, park benches and cobblestone walkways while creating an interior urban oasis. This brilliant open space also includes a recreation room and art gallery that is fitted with a full kitchen. The exercise facilities, Theatre Centre and meeting room are added features to the building’s amenities.

The Foundry Lofts are unique in offering a breathtaking Atrium that combines natural sunlight flooding into the interior gardens of planted greenery through large windows and skylights. The Foundry Lofts are home to 104 lofts, which include 1, 2 and 3 storey designs. Striking vintage features are incorporated throughout the suites including full warehouse styled windows, exposed original brick, 2 elevator cabs, and soaring ceiling heights of 9 to 14 feet all blending together with the contemporary design of modern kitchen and bathroom designs.

The surrounding neighbourhood is multi-cultural with influences of Italian, Portuguese, Latin American and Greek. North of Davenport is found the community known as «Corso Italia», which is another of Toronto’s «Little Italy» hoods. It’s popular for its vibrant Italian culture boasting mouth-watering cuisine, espresso bars and clothing boutiques. This strip of cafes and shops is a lower key area, without the hip «cocktail bar» scene found on College Street. Here the focus is found more around the great food from the surrounding eateries. Locals and foodies flood to such popular haunts as the «Big Ragu», «Marcello’s Pizzeria» and «Pizza e Pazzi», where you almost expect to find a little Italian grandmother, tucked away in the back kitchen preparing her secret recipes.

Another boost for the area was the opening of the «Wychwood Barns» in 2008 which converted 60,000 square feet, from a TTC streetcar repair barn into a community for artists, environmental organizations, culture and agriculture, along with a Farmer’s market that weekly draws crowds from across the city. From this market you’ll find organic delicacies including hormone-free meats. It’s an outing for the family with the kiddies loving the awesome onsite playground! The trendy Junction and Roncesvalles shopping districts are only minute’s away, offering unique organic shopping choices and known for their expansive selection of great eateries. Bloordale Village is attracting a young creative group of hipsters with an influx of art galleries, cafe shops and restaurants.

All ages enjoy the close proximity of Earlscourt Park, which is found along St. Clair Avenue and down to Davenport Road boasting 36 acres of parkland, 4 tennis courts, soccer fields, baseball diamonds and an outdoor ice rink.

For those driving or taking the Red Rocket, transportation is convenient with a number of fast choices and routes to downtown Toronto. Traffic going along Dupont Street or Davenport Road is usually quite smooth and public transportation offers both bus routes and the Bloor-Danforth subway line. Leaving your car at home and becoming more «green» has never been so easy!

The Foundry Lofts offer an authentic experience for those looking for the combination of old-world charm marrying modern technology and design.

The Chelsea Lofts are found just a short distance away, being another great choice for urban condo living.

This affordable mid-rise loft building is found in Toronto’s Central-west end in the area of Dupont St. and Lansdowne Avenue. The location is also conveniently close to a number of trendy surrounding communities. The design of the Chelsea Lofts has a «Bauhaus» influence along with warehouse styled Industrial windows that portray an edgy and artsy cool.

This hip influence is attracting young urban professionals looking for a close-to-downtown pad without all the expense. Discerning buyers that are moving into up-and-coming neighbourhoods are finding themselves looking at great savings compared with the already «hot» revitalized hoods.

The Chelsea Lofts still feature some of the coveted bells and whistles that especially attract first-time buyers. Here you’ll find floor to ceiling glass windows with 9 foot ceilings creating light and space. Suites will include rich hardwood flooring, sliding pocket doors, custom designed bathrooms, contemporary kitchens, exposed lofty ductwork as well as balconies or terraces.

This smaller scaled building with only 7 floors is home to 72 suites, as well as ground level retail shops. The Rooftop terrace includes an amenity room with a kitchen for entertaining and unobstructed Toronto city views.

Both the Foundry Lofts and Chelsea Lofts offer those wanting to live within urban Toronto, affordable options along with really creative spaces!

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Resistance Bands Exercises for Men And Why You Need Them

Are resistance band exercises for men any good? Simply put you better believe they are! This article will explain why they are an excellent tool that you can have in your fitness arsenal and will show why resistance bands workouts for men may even be better than the traditional ‘iron bar’ training techniques.

Muscles are dumb:

At the end of the day, our muscles are dumb, end of story, our muscles don’t know whether they are been trained using dumbbells, barbells, kettlebells, plates, bands, ropes or any other piece of equipment. All our muscles can relate to is whether they are actually being stimulated in a workout. This is one reason why your training regime should include resistance bands exercises for men.

Full range of motion:

When you train with bands you can work the muscle in it’s entirety, because of the elastic nature of resistance training you will be training your muscles fully and there will be constant tension in them throughout the positive and negative portion of each rep. This is not the case with traditional training.

Three planes of motion:

Another benefit of resistance bands exercises for men is you can workout in all three planes of motion, the sagital, transverse and the frontal plane. Being able to workout in all three planes of motion is a great way of training because you will be moving and exercising your body in a way in which it wants, and you will be working muscles in tandem.

Transitioning from one exercise to the next exercises is a breeze:

When you incorporate resistance bands exercises for men into your workout you can easily (and safely) transition from one exercise to another. You don’t need to have a tonne of different equipment because with one simple continuous loop band you can do a host of exercises.

You can increase or decrease level of resistance with ease:

Being able to increase or decrease the level of resistance or intensity of the exercise is another top benefit of resistance bands workouts for men. You won’t to have a complete set of dumbbells or plates, a quick change of stance or positioning can easily and safely switch up the resistance to make the resistance band exercise you are doing easier of more difficult.

Resistance bands exercises for men always recruit the trunk muscles:

Working with resistance bands means you can always incorporate your trunk or abs in each and every movement. You will have to stabilise with your core in every exercise because of the elasticity nature of the bands. This is excellent for building core strength without actually having to spend extra time focussing on building up your core muscles separately.

As you can see they are some great benefits of training using resistance bands exercises for men. They are other benefits also and there are tonnes of exercises you can do. Essentially any exercise you can do with other equipment you can do with bands. You really should have these fabulous pieces of kit in your arsenal.

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Should Online Texting Be In Your Marketing Arsenal?

Marketing, especially for small to medium size businesses used to be a lot simpler. There weren’t nearly as many options as there are today. Most of the marketing methods used in the past are still available. For example, magazine advertisements, billboards, networking groups, trade shows, radio, TV to name a few.

Add to those marketing methods all of the new methods brought about by the explosion in the online (Internet) marketplace, social media and mobile technology and today’s business owner can be overwhelmed by the options. Online marketing methods fall into these categories: Display Advertising, Search Engine Marketing (with its related Search Engine Optimization), Social Media Marketing, Email Marketing, Affiliate Marketing and Content Marketing.

Mobile marketing brings some additional categories of its own: SMS Marketing, MMS Marketing, In-game Marketing, Mobile Web Marketing, QR Code Marketing and others.

Not only are there many more marketing options, they are inherently embedded in technology that can confuse and frighten many business owners. They also bring with them a new set of terminology to learn. Terms like «Pay per Click (aka Cost per Click)», «Cost per Action», «Cost per Mille (aka Cost per Thousand Impressions)», AdWords and AdSense among others.

Another dynamic to marketing in the online world is where to place your advertisements. There are opportunities to place ads on sites that do not charge any fees for the placement. These would include sites like Craigslist, Backpage and Kijiji to name a few. Some sites also provide business owners with the opportunity to offer coupons to attract business. Sites such as Google Places, Kudzu and Manta fall into this category. Many sites provide the opportunity for paid advertising. When considering paid advertisements, the business owner may also have to determine whether they will use a flat fee payment method or a bidding method. The bidding methods usually involve a bid amount, a maximum daily spend and a total budget.

So, back to the question posed in the heading of the article – should online texting be in your marketing arsenal. Of the technologies and methodologies described above, online texting is by far the simplest to implement and at the same can provide a very cost effective marketing solution.

Cell phone usage has exploded across the world. There are four members in my family and guess how many cell phones we have – you got it, four. In addition, I can’t remember the last time I saw my seventeen year old daughter talk on her phone but she is constantly texting. But, what makes online texting an effective marketing tool for a business owner? Here are several aspects to consider.

First, ease of set up. There are several vendors such as Greenwave and Yeptext that provide this service to businesses. Marketing campaigns are set up by simply creating a simple text message, scheduling the date and time to send or send immediately and selecting the group of customers to send to if that option is being used.

Second, you are marketing to a very targeted audience. This is due to the fact that customers have to provide you their contact information before you can send them text messages. The vendor that you select will allow you to select a keyword and they will provide a short phone number. Customers desiring to receive your text messages will text the keyword to the number you provide and their cell phone number is then captured for you.

Lastly, this is a very cost effective method of marketing. This is true for two reasons. One is that the open rates on text messages are very high (in the 90% range). The second is that the cost for each message can be as low five cents per recipient.

As a result, online texting can be a great way to reward your loyal customers with specials and at the same time drive repeat business to your front door.

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5 Players Who Went From Starters to Bench-Warmers in the Premier League

Sometimes, even the most talented of footballers can face difficult obstacles in their lives. Despite being better than most other players in the Premier League, these footballers find themselves warming the bench for some really big clubs even after having given their best in the past.

There are several players in the Premier League who had joined big clubs in hope of finding regular first team football but end up playing second fiddles to the manager’s favourites. Some of the players on this list are barely 30 and yet have to sit on the sidelines despite being completely able to change the game for their sides.

Let’s take a look at 5 such players in the Premier League who went from starters to benchwarmers

Olivier Giroud:

The dynamic French striker is arguably one of the most underrated strikers in the Premier League. Despite consistently scoring goals for Arsenal since his arrival back in 2012, Giroud has lost his place in Wenger’s first to Alexandre Lacazette. The former Lyon striker is now Arsenal’s first choice striker after signing him from Lyon earlier this summer for close to £50 million. However, one can never count out Giroud from challenging Lacazette as he has shown in the past. It won’t be a surprise if Giroud manages to fight his way back into the Gunner’s starting XI in the coming weeks.

Wilfried Bony:

The 28-year-old Ivory Coast striker was leading the score sheets for Swansea City before joining Manchester City on a £25 million deal back in 2014. A lot was expected from the Bony that seasons but he could barely manage to outclass Sergio Aguero in his limited appearances for the Sky Blues. The arrival of Pep Guardiola last summer completely killed off any chances of making a comeback into the first team. Although, Bony could now get back to his best after joining his former club Swansea in the summer.

Michy Batshuayi:

The 23-year-old Belgium international striker enjoyed a brilliant first season at Chelsea, having won the Premier League in his first appearance in the Premier League. Batshuayi was brought in from Marseille after two impressive seasons in front of goal as a regular starter. But, with Antonio Conte having brought in Alvaro Morata this summer for a record fee, Batshuayi is now playing second fiddle to the highly rated Spanish striker. Batshuayi is definitely not a player who should be warming benches especially after winning the League.

Sergio Aguero:

The Argentine international striker is perhaps the best Non-English striker that the Premier League has ever seen. The 29-year-old target man had fired Manchester City to two Premier League titles in the past and is one of the most consistent goal scorers in Europe with 170 goals in 255 appearances for Manchester City. Despite his incredible stats, City’s new manager, Pep Guardiola has not yet chosen Aguero to be his leading striker having brought in 20-year-old Brazilian striker Gabriel Jesus in January last season.

Guardiola started Jesus over Aguero quite a few times in the Premier League last season and is planning to more of the same this season. Aguero is definitely not the kind of player any team would want on their bench. While it’s surprising to see Guardiola’s plans for him, his age could also be a factor but not that it has ever a matter concern for the Argentine.

Daniel Sturridge:

The England international might not be the most physically fit strikers in the Premier League but he certainly one of the most talented ones. Sturridge has always had a bad history of injuries and has not quite managed to repeat the same form he had shown playing alongside Luis Suarez back in 2013/14 season. Despite being fit and looking in the best shape of his career this season, Jurgen Klopp has chosen Roberto Firmino as his leading striker in the team. Only 28, and at the peak of his career, Sturridge certainly does not deserve to be warming the bench at Liverpool.

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